ion chromatograph Articles

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Introduction to Ion Exchange Part 1

    IMPURITIES IN WATERWater is often referred to as the 'universal solvent' as it will dissolve small amounts of everything it touches. Water collects or dissolves a variety of mineral salts, organic compounds and suspended solids as it flows over the earth's surface and through the ground. These impurities make water undesirable for use in many applications. It is, therefore, important to ...


    By Kinetico Incorporated

  • Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry – Catch the Excitement!

    Interest in ion mobility mass spectrometry (IMS) technology is growing rapidly. The signs are everywhere. Since the year 2000, the number of abstracts submitted to ASMS mentioning ion mobility has grown more than 10-fold – from 30 to more than 350 in 2015. For most of that time, ion mobility has been available commercially in high-end research instruments or in homemade platforms. Waters ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • What’s the big deal about ion mobility mass spectrometry?

    Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is a technique that differentiates ions based on their size, shape, charge, and mass. While often used in small, portable devices at airports and remote locations for rapidly detecting small molecules whose mobility is known (for example, certain narcotics and explosives) when coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS), IMS provides an orthogonal ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Analysis of Organophosphorus and Organonitrogen herbicides in water using GC/MS with selected ion recording

    Laboratories monitoring trace level pesticides and herbicides by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) frequently utilize Selected Ion Recording (SIR) techniques to maximize analytical sensitivity for quantification. With analytical standards, precision is limited to a large extent only by the autosampler and other instrumental effects. However, real-world samples pose a greater challenge. ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Emulsifying and metal ion binding activity of a glycoprotein exopolymer produced by pseudoalteromonas sp. Strain TG12

    In this study, we describe the isolation and characterization of a new exopolymer that exhibits high emulsifying activities against a range of oil substrates and demonstrates a differential capacity to desorb various mono-, di-, and trivalent metal species from marine sediment under nonionic and seawater ionic-strength conditions. This polymer, ...

  • Using Deconvolution Software to Identify Unknown Compounds

    Many software packages for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of GC/MS data allow the operator to indicate the target compounds of interest and generate a report that includes the observed concentration of each target compound in the sample. Given the targeted nature of the analysis, additional (i.e. unexpected) compounds present in the sample are not identified, unless the operator ...


  • Fenton degradation of Cartap hydrochloride: identification of the main intermediates and the degradation pathway

    The advanced oxidation of Cartap hydrochloride (Cartap) promoted by the Fenton system in an aqueous medium was investigated. Based on total organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand and high-performance liquid chromatography, the oxidation of Cartap is quite efficient by the Fenton system. Its long chain is easily destroyed, but the reaction does not proceed to complete mineralization. Ion ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fenton degradation of Cartap hydrochloride: identification of the main intermediates and the degradation pathway

    The advanced oxidation of Cartap hydrochloride (Cartap) promoted by the Fenton system in an aqueous medium was investigated. Based on total organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand and high-performance liquid chromatography, the oxidation of Cartap is quite efficient by the Fenton system. Its long chain is easily destroyed, but the reaction does not proceed to complete mineralization. Ion ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovations in Site Characterization

    This case study is the first in a series designed to provide cost and performance information for innovative tools that support less costly and more representative site characterization. These case studies will include reports on new technologies as well as novel applications of familiar tools or processes. They are prepared to offer operational experience and to disseminate information about ...


  • Free radical destruction of haloacetamides in aqueous solution

    Haloacetamides are disinfection byproducts (DBPs) formed through chlorine/chloramine disinfection processes in drinking waters and have been recently highlighted in the US national Reconnaissance Survey. These species occur at low concentrations, but have been determined to have high cytotoxicity and mutagenicity and therefore may represent a human health hazard. Advanced oxidation/reduction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The evolution of organic character in a drought- and flood-impacted water source and the relationship with drinking water treatment

    A pilot-scale research investigation examining treatment technologies including coagulation, ion-exchange, activated carbon and membrane filtration and their impact on water quality coincided with a period of extensive variability in source water character. Distinct water quality periods as a result of extreme climatic conditions from drought to flood were observed and the natural organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the PAHs contamination threat on groundwater: a case study of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria

    Contamination of the environment by polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) is becoming a rising environmental concern. The interest this subject attracts has continually increased by the day because of the threat these compounds pose to human health. Water samples from several hand-dug wells in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria where extensive crude oil production activities take place were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Speciation of five arsenic compounds in urine by HPLC/ICP-MS

    High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to an ICP-MS has become an invaluable analytical tool for the determinations of trace levels of individual arsenic compounds (speciation). Speciation of arsenic is used to improve our knowledge of arsenic’s biochemical interactions and to evaluate toxicity risks. The toxicity and bioavailability of arsenic is highly dependent on form or ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • LC/MS/MS analysis of metabolites of synthetic Cannabinoids JWH-018 and JWH-073 in Urine

    Abstract A liquid chromatographic method was developed to resolve a comprehensive set of metabolites of JWH-018 and JWH-073. In addition to the chromatographic analysis method, an extraction method was developed to recover a broad range of synthetic cannabinoid metabolites, including carboxylic acid metabolites that are not traditionally recovered using a high pH liquid/liquid extraction. ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Chromatography in Sugar Processing

    Untitled Document Chromatography is a new process to most sugar technologists, yet it is fast becoming a tool of significance for ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Dissolved Organic Nitrogen Measurement in Reclaimed Water

    Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is an emerging concern for wastewater reclamation and reuse communities since DON may react with disinfectants to form carcinogenic nitrogenous disinfection byproducts (DBP) (e.g., haloacetonitriles, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)) and to affect the speciation of currently regulated DBP (trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids). Also, DON is present in proteins that ...

  • Effective Use of the ACQUITY QDa Mass Detector with Your LC: A Q and A with Dr. Tom Wheat

    I recently presented a webinar describing some techniques and tools used for effectively using the QDa Mass Detector with liquid chromatography systems. Several attendees submitted questions that may be of general interest to a broader audience. It is better, as you said, to use negative mode for ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Resolution in life and mass spectrometers? It really depends…

    “How few there are who have courage enough to own their faults, or resolution enough to mend them.” Benjamin Franklin As I sat one morning before work staring into my green tea leaves at the bottom of my cup and reflecting on my resolutions achieved and resolutions that evaded me in 2015, I resolved to make 2016 a better year. The ‘missed’ resolutions ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Fast analysis of semi-volatile organic compounds using PTV-GC–TOF MS

    The evaluation of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in environmental matrices poses many challenges for the analyst, not least the vast number that may be encountered in any given analysis. In addition, analyte reactivity and the potential for multiple analytes to co-elute makes achieving the required method detection limits (LODs or MDLs) quickly and cost-effectively a formidable task ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

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