ion meter Articles

  • Buy Smarter – what questions should you ask when buying a pH meter?

    When you’re looking to buy a pH meter, whether it’s to start measuring or to replace an existing meter, the range of brands and specifications available is huge. With so many options it can be difficult to know where to start, but taking a little time to choose carefully could save you a lot of time and money overall by making sure the meter you choose is right for ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Indoor-outdoor relationship of suspended particulate matter and its chemical composition at different sizes

    The indoor-outdoor concentration relationship of particulate matter PM9.0 (aerodynamic diameter 9 µm or smaller) and its chemical composition (sulfate, nitrate, chloride and ammonium) has been studied. Samples were collected using four identical Anderson impactors, each one collecting nine size ranges by eight impactor stages (9, 5.8, 4.7, 3.3, 2.1, 1.1, 0.65 and 0.43 µm) plus a back-up ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • pH Electrode Architecture

    A pH Electrode can be compared to a battery in that an electrical voltage is generated between two points that is a function of water chemistry. In the case of a pH electrode the voltage potential is a function of the acidity or alkalinity of the solution in which it is immersed. Note: The terms pH electrodes and pH probes are often used synonymously, despite the fact that there are differences. ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Conductivity Theory and Measurement

    Electrical conductivity is a measure of the ability of a solution to cany* a current. Current flow in liquids differs from mat in metal conductors in that electrons cannot flow freely, but must be carried by ions. Ions are formed when a solid such as salt is dissolved in a liquid to form electrical components having opposite electrical charges. For example, sodium chloride separates to form Na" ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Water softeners fact sheet

    What is hard water? According to a recent U.S. Geological Survey, 85 percent of the United States’ geography has hard water. Hard water is water that contains certain naturally occurring minerals, particularly magnesium and calcium. Hard water causes many problems in a home, including deposits in sinks and bathtubs and gummed-up pipes in home plumbing systems and water-using ...


    By Kinetico International

  • Skid mounted BWRO Systems, Venezuela

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied five skid mounted BWRO systems to a major company in Venezuela. The skid mounted BWRO systems came complete with am activated carbon filter for chlorine ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Why buy a Colorimeter

    Cyanide in your Juice? Mercury in your chicken soup? Your well water seems a little brown? Your wine causes you to pucker? There is a way to test for unknowns in solutions, waters and fluids. A colorimeter used to interpret the absorbance and/or transmittance of light entering a fluid, may be the way. ...


    By Geotechnical Services, Inc

  • What is zeta potential?

    Zeta potential is a measure of charges carried by particles suspended in a liquid (mostly water). Most particles suspended in water and wastewater, e.g. clays, silica, hydrated metal oxides, paper fibers, biological cells, etc., possess negative surface charges in the neutral pH range as shown in Fig. 1 (a simplified view of a particle in a suspension). The particle is said to carry a negative ...

  • Get the scoop on the newest technology for the measurement of pH

    SENTRON had its 20th birthday in April 2005 and is world wide known as the manufacturer of glass free ISFET (Ion Sensitive Field Effect Transistor) pH systems. During the 20 years we developed and manufactured not only ISFET pH sensors but also pressure sensors in our own silicon chip production facility. This facility for development and manufacturing of solid-state sensors, enables us to ...


    By Sentron Europe BV

  • What is TDS?

    Answer: Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) is a measure of the combined content of all the inorganic and organic substances such as mobile charged ions, minerals, salts or dissolved metals in a volume of liquid. Normally TDS is used in water testing, where TDS is defined as anything present that is not pure water (H2O) molecule or suspended ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Testing for Nitrates in Water, what are the Options?

    Nitrate is a naturally occurring substance in the environment and is commonly found in most water sources, it is usually only a cause for concern in areas where water supplies can be affected by farm runs offs and agriculture, its use as a fertiliser can cause increased levels in water supplies The ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • The soldier salesman: field instrumentation

    “The victorious strategist only seeks battle after the victory has been won, whereas he who is destined for defeat first fights and afterwards looks for victory.” — Sun Tzu, The Art of War These words may apply to warfare, and though they were written over two thousand years ago by a Chinese general, they could not be more accurate than when applied to today’s sales ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • Optimizing Metals Removal

    Optimizing Wastewater Metals Removal Making Wastewater Metals Insoluble for Easy Removal To remove metals from wastewater, the metals need to be insoluble (not in solution). Many facilities, such as in the ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Hydroxyl-Radical Odor Control

    In-Pipe now offers the IPTC(OH-), a hydroxyl radical based odor control option for Lift Stations and WWTP headworks that requires no chemicals, needs only a small footprint and uses minimal electrical power. The IPTC(OH-) chemical free scrubber system connects to the existing lift station vent to oxidize hydrogen sulfide outside of the lift station environment in order to scrub odors before ...

  • The mystery of electronic water treatment unveiled

    The problems of scale are well known to those living and working in "hard" water areas. Scale is the undesirable consequence of water supplies becoming super-saturated with dissolved minerals.  These problems are of greater significance if found in industrial water systems and commercial buildings. Scaling problems commonly occur, even in "soft" water areas, when a fluid stream is ...

  • A Comparison of Point Sensors and Open Path Monitors For Toxic Gas (esp. HF) Monitoring

    Point Sensors Ion Mobility Spectroscope (IMS) – a gas sample is ionized by a radioactive source (Ni63). Differences in ion drift under the influence of an applied electric field produce a spectrum that is dependent on the mass, charge, and shape of the component ions. The detector signal and strength is tuned to the drift time of the ion of interest (in this case HF) and signal strength is ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Removal of Chromium From Effluents of Tanning Industries and its Reuse

    Air and water are the basic needs of human being and other living entities on the earth. Tanning industry uses water and some chemicals and so creates environmental problems, depending basically on two principal sources, hide and water. The processes of tanning are based on chromium sulphate and vegetable treatment of hide. According to the national environment quality standards (NEQS) the ...


  • Properties of CNT reinforced: PMMA nanocomposites and PMMA treated in NH3-gaseous atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge

    Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) polymer is a common dental laboratory and clinical material attracting various applications in plastic and adhesive dentistry. In direct contact with cellular tissues, PMMA may have toxic and inflammable properties which may limit use in contact with living dental tissues. By reinforcing PMMA with carbon nanotube and dielectric Nitrogen doping (in ammonia ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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