IPCC Articles

  • Economics of climate change after Rio: building on experience

    This paper reviews the lessons learnt from both OECD technical studies of the economics of climate change and from the process of negotiating the Framework Convention on Climate Change. It concludes with a discussion of future OECD priorities.Keywords: carbon tax, climate change economics, carbon dioxide, Framework Convention, GREEN model, IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Note: carbon-cycle estimation: a plea for measurement of ocean carbon dioxide concentrations

    Unless an effort is made to measure the carbon dioxide content of the oceans, the ability of researchers to distinguish between absorption by oceanic and by biotic sinks related to carbon emissions will remain imperfect. This uncertainty presently limits the ability of policy-makers to set a carbon emissions target fully consistent with that for carbon dioxide concentrations.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Climate Change Convention: how it was made and what it means

    This paper describes the origins and intentions of the Climate Change Convention which was opened for signature at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) last year.Keywords: Climate Change Convention, European Community, financial resources, Framework Convention, international law, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, OECD, technology transfer, UNCED, United Nations, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic damage control for greenhouse gas emissions

    Future emissions of trace gases are intrinsically linked to economic growth and abatement policies, which in turn, are governed by expectations of greenhouse damages. Trace gas indices that depend upon future emissions can be calculated either on the basis of emissions scenarios, such as those devised by the IPCC, or using optimal control techniques where the trade-off between damages and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Note: the Kyoto instruments: are they adequate for achieving the stabilisation of carbon dioxide concentrations?

    It is argued that reaching stabilisation of carbon dioxide concentrations will require new policy instruments. The Kyoto instruments, while they serve to begin the process of emissions reductions, are only a first step in a process that will span many decades at a minimum. The new instruments should be directly aimed at R&D for developing the new non-carbon sources of energy.Keywords: IPCC, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantifying Fugitive Emissions from Biodigesters

    Background Agricultural biodigesters reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions & generate clean energy. GHG reduction depends on many factors (design, feedstock, etc.), including the amount of fugitive CH4 emissions. Quantifying fugitive emissions is difficult -- commonly assumed: 15% of total CH4 production (California Climate Action Registry ) 15% of ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

  • Comprehensive analysis of greenhouse gas emissions in Hungary

    This paper overviews the anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in Hungary in the period 1985–95. The emissions have been determined and reported according to the IPCC methodologies. The emissions of greenhouse gases decreased until 1994, basically as a result of the economic recession. Hungary has chosen the yearly average emission level of 1985–87 as the base level. In 1994, greenhouse gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ability of global climate models at a regional scale over Australia

    We evaluate the coupled climate models used in the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Our evaluation is focused on twelve regions of Australia for the daily simulation of precipitation, minimum temperature and maximum temperature. We base our evaluation on Probability Density Functions (PDFs). We introduce a simple quantitative measure of how well ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Interpreting the IPCC emissions scenarios

    This paper discusses how two sets of emissions scenarios, generated using the Atmospheric Stabilization Framework, were used by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In particular, it discusses how the scenarios were specified, what roles models played in developing the scenarios, and how the scenarios were interpreted by participants in the IPCC process. It draws ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Editorial: A sociological reflection on the complexities of climate change research

    This International Journal of Water presents European and Australian research into the New Water Paradigm as an ecologically integrative approach to climate change. The editorial outlines the political economic context of the climate crisis and the discourses that shape public responses. It suggests that the current international framing of climate policy by business and governments acts as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Systematic monthly climate changes in the northern and southern hemispheres

    A new comprehensive analysis of the monthly surface temperatures published data in the northern and southern hemispheres is presented. Linear regressions between surface temperatures and CO2 concentrations at consecutive latitude geographical regions indicated that there is a systematic opposite global warming effect between mirror regions on the northern and southern ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urbanisation and global environmental change: new intergenerational challenges

    The recent Stern Review Report into climate change has focused attention on the economics of Global Environmental Change (GEC), producing arguably the most authoritative review to date. The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), due for publication in spring 2007, will underpin yet further the growing scientific consensus regarding the seriousness of GEC ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The scientific basis for the prediction of climate change

    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently published a Supplementary Report updating and supporting the First Assessment of 1990 and their findings are summarised here. If greenhouse emissions continue at the present level, the Report estimates a global temperature increase of 0.3% per decade – a rate probably greater than any since the last ice age. Sulphur pollution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Texas Drought Notification System Monitors Groundwater Levels, Spring Flow to Trigger Action

    Conservation districts are looking for better ways to monitor and manage water resources, which are affected by naturally occurring cycles of drought, rising populations, and increasing demands from industrial sectors. Climate change associated with increased levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere may increase severity of future droughts (IPCC 2007). Potential effects of global climate ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Global climate change

    Qn October 12, 2007, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Al Gore for their efforts to develop and disseminate greater knowledge about climate change and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract climate change. In bestowirig the award, the Norwegian Nobel Committee noted: “Indications of changes in the earth’s ...

  • Sustainable development: the options

    Global warming is considered in the context of options for achieving sustainable development. There is some uncertainty over global warming processes, so the Climate Change Convention struck the right balance. The Earth Summit reinforced the concept that economic development and environmental management are interdependent, and resources to solve environmental problems must be targeted carefully. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greenhouse gas emission potential of the municipal solid waste disposal sites in Thailand

    Open dumping and landfilling are the prevalent solid waste disposal practices in Thailand. Surveys on the disposal sites revealed the presence of 95 landfills and 330 open dumps. Methane emission potential at these sites was estimated by three methods. Results of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) method, Landfill Gas Emission model (LandGEM), and closed flux chamber technique ...

  • Carbon market and global climate governance: limitations and challenges

    Climate change has been a challenge to international diplomacy and to global climate governance (GCG) involving governments, companies and civil society. This paper discusses the limitations and challenges of the global carbon market as a mechanism of GCG and its role in the post–Kyoto period. This study is part of an interdisciplinary and multi–institutional research about GCG and carbon market ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analyzing the potential impacts of climate change on rainfed wheat production in Hamedan Province, Iran, via generalized additive models

    Climate change is one of the greatest challenges in the 21st century and the agriculture sector is very vulnerable to this phenomenon. Since wheat is the most important cereal crop in Iran, we aim to analyze the potential impact of climatic variables (temperature and precipitation) on rainfed wheat productivity in Hamedan Province, Iran. For this purpose, generalized additive models have been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy security, economic development and global warming: addressing short and long term challenges

    Energy security, economic development and averting global warming are conflicting objectives in a fossil fuel economy. In the long run, sustainable development requires a shift to renewable energy sources. In the short run it requires swift action (IPCC) and different strategies. The article analyses a negative carbon process to co-produce electricity while reducing carbon concentration in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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