karst Articles

  • Karst groundwater: a challenge for new resources

    Karst aquifers have complex and original characteristics which make them very different from other aquifers: high heterogeneity created and organised by groundwater flow, large voids, high flow velocities up to several hundreds of m/h, high flow rate springs up to some tens of m3/s. Different conceptual models, known from the literature, attempt to take into account all these particularities. The ...


    By Springer

  • Recognition of karst structure using refraction tomography

    The results of location of karst wells and probable hydraulic connections between them in limestone massif using the refraction tomography are presented. Seismic modeling was based on refraction horizon recognition in the first stage and tomographic processing of P-wave and S-wave velocity changes in the second one. The studies were carried out on the terrain neighboring to the wall of abandoned ...


    By GEOSPECTRUM S.C.

  • Methods used to carry out six roadway investigations of sinkholes

    Abstract Karst conditions are a prevalent problem impacting many roads, bridges and highways of the United States. Six case-histories present an overview of investigations made to determine the presence of karst (sinkholes and cavities) and their possible impact on existing or new construction. These six case-histories represent projects which range from reconnaissance investigations to ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Geological barrier--a natural rock stratus for preventing confined karst water from flowing into mines in North China

    Abstract Coalfields in North China encompassing more than ten Provinces contain six to seven coal seams in the Permo-Carboniferous strata. The lower three seams, accounting for 37% of the total reserves, are threatened with karst water from the underlain Ordovician limestone. Hundreds of water inrush incidences have occurred in which a large amount of water suddenly flows into tunnels or working ...

  • Estimation of baseflow recession constants and effective hydraulic parameters in the karst basins of southwest China

    By analysing the hydrographs of karst basin outflow, it is possible to identify aquifer characteristics and, accordingly, the main features of a karst basin. In this study, 19 basins with daily observed flow discharges during drought periods between October and April 1973–1983 were selected to analyse the master recession curve (MRC). During a drought period, the MRCs were separated into segments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ground Penetrating Radar Survey in Podil`lya Karst Area (Ternopil Region, Ukraine)

    Abstract - The paper describes ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey in karst area of PodilTya in Ternopil region, Ukraine that was fulfilled during 2005 year. The GPR examination was made in Ulashkovska and Mlynky caves. The GPR was applied in Ozernaya cave for unknown cavities location. Owing to the GPR survey new gallery was discovered. The research demonstrates an efficiency of the GPR ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Void and cave detection case study

    Case 3 A crosshole resistivity survey to find karst caves for deep foundation construction          This survey is aimed to find voids for construction safety purpose, as figure below shows, 32 and 20 electrodes were placed into two boreholes respectively. Inversion image found low resistivity areas beside boreholes were likely to be karst caves. Later ...

  • Collecting, transporting and storing water in karst settings of southern Italy: some lessons learned from ancient hydraulic systems

    The karst landscapes of southern Italy, even though they show a lack or scarce presence of water at the surface, host a variety of ancient hydraulic works realized to collect and store water resources, to the advantage of the local settlements and for agricultural purposes as well. Ancient populations were forced to gain a deep knowledge of the territory in order to exploit the few available ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mapping Top of Rock with Seismic Refraction and ERI case study

    Industrial Facility, Tennessee An environmental assessment and remediation design project was conducted at a chemical manufacturing facility in eastern Tennessee. As part of the project, GeoView was asked to determine the depth to limestone bedrock underlying the project site and identify any suspected karst features within the upper portion of the limestone stratum. ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Microbial source tracking in highly vulnerable karst drinking water resources

    Water resources situated in areas with underlying karst geology are particularly vulnerable to fecal pollution. In such vulnerable systems, microbial source tracking (MST) methods are useful tools to elucidate the pathways of both animal and human fecal pollution, leading to more accurate water use risk assessments. Here, we describe the application of a MST toolbox using both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Engineering Geology

    This is a collection of various cases where the 2D resistivity imaging method pioneered by Advanced Geosciences Inc have been successfully applied. Click on a section below and you will be shown a full 2D resistivity imaging brochure detailing the ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Physical and chemical properties of the Goryczkowe and Bystrej Górne vaucluse springs in the Tatra Mountains

    This paper describes research on two of the largest karst springs in Poland's Tatra Mountains – Goryczkowe and Bystrej Górne – both located in the Tatra National Park. The aim of the study was to determine the potential contributing area for the Bystrej Gorne Spring. Research has shown that seasonal changes in the physical and chemical properties of water in both springs followed a similar ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Serological responses to Cryptosporidium antigens among women using riverbank-filtered water, conventionally filtered surface water and groundwater in Hungary

    ABSTRACTWe compared serological responses to Cryptosporidium parvum antigens using surplus sera from females undergoing routine screening for pregnancy from three counties in Hungary where bank-filtered surface water, conventionally filtered and disinfected surface water, and groundwater from either a karst or confined aquifer are commonly used for drinking water. The primary purpose was to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sinkhole investigation case study

    Proposed Landfill Site - Sumter County, Florida A geophysical site characterization study was performed by GeoView to assist in the placement of a planned Class 2 Landfill in Florida. The survey area was approximately 160 acres. GeoView performed a ground penetrating radar (GPR) study map the lateral boundaries and determine apparent severity of karst (sinkhole) features. Electrical ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Seismic reflection, seismic crosshole and ground penetrating radar case study

    Geophysical Investigation of the Crosstown Expressway. Tampa, FL In April, 2004 Pier 97 which supported an elevated roadway in Tampa, FL was vertically displaced (collapsed) approximately 10 feet (ft). At the time of the collapse it was not known whether the collapse was associated with geological conditions at the site, specifically karst conditions, or whether is was associated with a ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Thermal Remediation of Karst Limestone – Redstone Arsenal, Alabama

    Abstract: Electrical resistance heating (ERH) was used for the thermal remediation of two sites at Redstone Arsenal (RSA) near Huntsville, Alabama. Both sites feature karst limestone with heavy clay overburden. The two sites are located about five miles (10 km) apart, but differ considerably in the characteristics of the limestone. At site RSA-053, the heavy clay is underlain by very hard, ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • The spectral absorption coefficient at 254 nm as a real-time early warning proxy for detecting faecal pollution events at alpine karst water resources

    Because spring water quality from alpine karst aquifers can change very rapidly during event situations, water abstraction management has to be performed in near real-time. Four summer events (2005–2008) at alpine karst springs were investigated in detail in order to evaluate the spectral absorption coefficient at 254 nm (SAC254) as a real-time early warning proxy for faecal pollution. For the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Researchers: Current global groundwater recharge models inaccurate

    A large-scale analysis of existing water resource models used around the world has found some key processes are missing, which means estimates of water availability could be wrong and cannot be reliably used for making water management decisions. The international team of scientists found that important climate change impact models are wrong in some areas. One finding was that groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Planning and installation of a drinking water treatment in Gunungkidul, Java, Indonesia

    The district of Gunungkidul on Java Island in Indonesia is affected by an acute water shortage, especially during dry seasons. Because of its karst topography, rainfall percolates rapidly into underground caves, limiting surface storage. As a consequence, potential sources of water to supply the local population are rainwater and water derived from underground caves. However, water availability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling the groundwater recharge in karst aquifers by using a reservoir model

    The estimation of the groundwater recharge in a karstic system becomes an important challenge due to the great hydrodynamic variability in both time and space. This paper proposes a two reservoir conceptual model to simulate inflow into both the conduit system and the fissure network system based on the analysis of the spring hydrograph. The structure of the model and the governing equations are ...


    By IWA Publishing

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