kjeldahl-n Articles

  • Introducing a New ASTM Method for the Determination of Total Nitrogen, and TKN by Calculation, in Water Samples

    The USEPA Clean Water Act (CWA) requires national approval for all methods used for CWA compliance. There are approved methods for the determination of inorganic nitrogen (NO3-N, NO2-N, and NH3-N), and for organic nitrogen (TKN – NH3-N)2. There are no EPA approved methods for the determination of total nitrogen although it is a required parameter in many USEPA permits, including monitoring ...

  • Robust on-line monitoring assay - Case Study

    Alkaline Phosphatase Enzyme Activity Measurement as a Robust on-line Monitoring Assay for Water Quality Assessment. Zina Al-Saar 4th year Intern student Avans University of Applied Science - ATGM Department Joep Appels - Supervisor and Managing Director microLAN on line Bio-monitoring System. ...


    By microLAN B.V.

  • Why ‘custom-built’ is often cheaper than off the shelf

    We know that we’ve said it before, but even though we list what we call our ‘standard range’, by far and away most of the incinerators and cremators we manufacture are specially designed and manufactured to match the individual needs of each customer.  Since everyone’s requirements are different, virtually every unit we produce is ‘made to order’ and the ...


    By Todaysure Limited

  • With its High Pressure Pipeline Environment, Rand Water Provided A Perfect Opportunity to Test New Smartball Insertion And Extraction Equipment

    Rand Water is the largest bulk water utility in Africa and one of the largest in the world, providing bulk potable water to more than 23 million people in Gauteng, parts of Mpumalanga, the Free State and North West - an area that stretches over 31,000 square kilometres. Rand Water’s distribution network includes over 3,300 kilometres of large-diameter pipelines. In 2015 ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Ferrous Wear Metal Measurement Made Easy with the FerroCheck

    Historically, one of the most cost-effective indicators of machinery health has been the analysis of ferrous debris in oil. Such analysis utilizes the ferromagnetic properties of generated debris to perform the analysis. Since nearly all wear debris contains ferrous material (in particular iron), an abnormal increase in the amount of debris can be directly correlated to abnormal machinery ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Crystal Beach Mystery Pipeline Response - Case Study

    Global provided personnel, equipment and resources necessary to locate the source of a stain and sheen discovered offshore of the Bolivar Peninsula. A mystery pipeline was located offshore and thought to be the source of the pollutants. Specialized equipment was brought in to locate the pipeline where came ashore. Once exposed, it was the shore end was hot tapped and connected to a vac truck to ...

  • Energy management for smart community

    Under the project title “Smartes Yspertal” an energy management concept for municipal administration buildings was created in the 1,900 inhabitant community in Lower Austria. Savings potential and inefficiencies in public buildings are thus to be shown. Microtronics has equipped the buildings with data loggers of the type ...

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Selective nitrogen determination methods related to Kjeldahl

    KjelMaster System K-375 / K-376, KjelDigester K-449, Scrubber K-415 85 % of the world’s nitrogen demand for fertilizer is primarily derived from ammonia in the form of urea, ammonium nitrate, phosphate and sulfate. Ammoniacal components can also be found in soil, sludge and bio waste. In those sample matrices, a mixture of several nitrogen containing compounds as urea, nitrogen from ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • TKN determination in water and waste water (Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen)

    Colorimetric determination of TKN (Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen) in water and waste water according to the Kjeldahl method The determination of TKN (total Kjeldahl nitrogen) in water and waste water is a routine procedure for quality assurance and inspection. Here, a reliable procedure for the colorimetric TKN determination in water, according to ISO 5663, AOAC 973.48, and EPA 351.3 is ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • How to Achieve Low Detection and Quantification Limits for the Nitrogen Determination with Kjeldahl

    Kjeldahl is one of the most commonly used techniques to determine the protein content in food and feed samples or the nitrogen content in soil, sludge, and water samples. The detection and quantification limits are important characteristics of analytical methods. The impact of the concentration of boric acid, the addition of potassium chloride, and the concentration of the titration solution on ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Synthesis and properties of B-C-N related nanomaterials

    C-N related nanomaterials have many interesting properties originating from their unique and changeable structure. In this paper, we present the synthesis techniques and properties of the B-C-N related nanostructures mainly including B-C-N nanotubes and carbon nanoparticles. The electronic properties of the ternary B-C-N nanotubes were experimentally controlled by controlling their structure and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Compensation Flow Gauge, N Wales case study

    Dwr Cymru Welsh Water Design, supply and installation of a compensation flow gauge at Cwmystradllyn Reservoir, North Wales. 2006 Hydro-Logic have been engaged by Dwr Cymru/Welsh Water since 2000 to operate, maintain and improve their hydrometric network. One of the projects involved the feasibility, design and installation of a new ultrasonic transit-time flow gauge on the discharge compensation ...


    By Hydro-Logic Services

  • Assessing n–order dependencies between critical infrastructures

    The protection of critical infrastructures (CI) is a complex task, since it involves the assessment of both internal and external security risk. In the recent literature, methodologies have been proposed that can be used to identify organisation–wise security threats, or even first–order dependency risk (i.e., risk deriving from direct dependencies). However, there is a lack of work ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flexibility beyond any limits - multi N/C

    With a multi N/C analyzer the parameters TOC, NPOC, POC, TC, TIC and TNb  can be measured quickly, easily and without any conversion. This is possible thanks to the perfect combination of an efficient sample digestion technology, VITAFlow Management System and Focus Radiation NDIR detector. TOC and TNb  are measured truly simultaneously, with a single injection and without any exchange ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

  • N-butane partial oxidation to maleic anhydride under transient regimes

    Maleic anhydride (MA) is commercially produced from partial oxidation of n-butane by air over vanadium pyrophosphate (VPP) catalyst. There has been a huge research interest to better understand the different aspects of this industrially attractive reaction including mechanism, dynamic catalyst phase evolutions as well as the effect of redox operating conditions such as gas/solid residence time, ...


    By Hiden Analytical

  • Correlations between surrogate nitrogenous organic precursors and C-, N-DBP formation

    Nitrosamines have been emerging as disinfection byproducts in drinking water using source water impacted with domestic wastewaters. Nitrogenous organic compounds are suggested as precursors of nitrosamines, but many of them have not been identified. This study investigated the correlations between nine selected nitrogenous organic compounds with different characteristics and corresponding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - N°NG2 – Natural gas monitoring – energyMedor

    Context & Challenges How to analyze H2S, mercaptans and/or THT for detecting the odor of the gas with the ability to have total organic sulfur calculation in a metering station? Chromatotec Solutions Instrument: energyMedor energyMedor is able to analyze H2S, mercaptans and/ or THT in addition to the calibration ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Case study - N°NG1 – Natural gas monitoring – Medor Exp

    Context & Challenges Natural gas used for household consumption typically contains odorant sulfur components for safety reasons. As natural gas is normally odorless, the sulfur components are artificially added. When natural gas is transported between various companies, regions or countries, gas companies have to verify that the sulfur species are present as specified. ...


    By Chromatotec Group

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