kjeldahl-n Articles

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Case study: Innovative portable package wastewater treatment plants

    DEVISE ENGINEERING S.A. has designed, engineered and is currently producing a new series of State of the Art Portable Sewage Treatment Plants (PSTP), incorporating advanced Ultra-Filtration (MBR) technology. These Plants are used for multiple “emergency” & “short-term” purposes with the ability to re-use the treated effluent. The particular Portable STP can be easily ...


    By DEVISE ENGINEERING S.A.

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • TKN determination in water and waste water (Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen)

    Colorimetric determination of TKN (Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen) in water and waste water according to the Kjeldahl method The determination of TKN (total Kjeldahl nitrogen) in water and waste water is a routine procedure for quality assurance and inspection. Here, a reliable procedure for the colorimetric TKN determination in water, according to ISO 5663, AOAC 973.48, and EPA 351.3 is ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • How to Achieve Low Detection and Quantification Limits for the Nitrogen Determination with Kjeldahl

    Kjeldahl is one of the most commonly used techniques to determine the protein content in food and feed samples or the nitrogen content in soil, sludge, and water samples. The detection and quantification limits are important characteristics of analytical methods. The impact of the concentration of boric acid, the addition of potassium chloride, and the concentration of the titration solution on ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Synthesis and properties of B-C-N related nanomaterials

    C-N related nanomaterials have many interesting properties originating from their unique and changeable structure. In this paper, we present the synthesis techniques and properties of the B-C-N related nanostructures mainly including B-C-N nanotubes and carbon nanoparticles. The electronic properties of the ternary B-C-N nanotubes were experimentally controlled by controlling their structure and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Compensation Flow Gauge, N Wales case study

    Dwr Cymru Welsh Water Design, supply and installation of a compensation flow gauge at Cwmystradllyn Reservoir, North Wales. 2006 Hydro-Logic have been engaged by Dwr Cymru/Welsh Water since 2000 to operate, maintain and improve their hydrometric network. One of the projects involved the feasibility, design and installation of a new ultrasonic transit-time flow gauge on the discharge compensation ...


    By Hydro-Logic Services

  • Assessing n–order dependencies between critical infrastructures

    The protection of critical infrastructures (CI) is a complex task, since it involves the assessment of both internal and external security risk. In the recent literature, methodologies have been proposed that can be used to identify organisation–wise security threats, or even first–order dependency risk (i.e., risk deriving from direct dependencies). However, there is a lack of work ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flexibility beyond any limits - multi N/C

    With a multi N/C analyzer the parameters TOC, NPOC, POC, TC, TIC and TNb  can be measured quickly, easily and without any conversion. This is possible thanks to the perfect combination of an efficient sample digestion technology, VITAFlow Management System and Focus Radiation NDIR detector. TOC and TNb  are measured truly simultaneously, with a single injection and without any exchange ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

  • Progressive N limitation of plant response to elevated CO2: a microbiological perspective

    Abstract A major uncertainty in predicting long-term ecosystem C balance is whether stimulation of net primary production will be sustained in future atmospheric CO2 scenarios.  Immobilization of nutrients (N in particular) in plant biomass and soil organic matter (SOM) provides negative feedbacks to plant growth and may lead to progressive N limitation (PNL) of plant response to CO2 ...


    By Springer

  • N-butane partial oxidation to maleic anhydride under transient regimes

    Maleic anhydride (MA) is commercially produced from partial oxidation of n-butane by air over vanadium pyrophosphate (VPP) catalyst. There has been a huge research interest to better understand the different aspects of this industrially attractive reaction including mechanism, dynamic catalyst phase evolutions as well as the effect of redox operating conditions such as gas/solid residence time, ...


    By Hiden Analytical

  • Application of a Medium Pressure UV System for the Treatment of N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)

    N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was first detected in 1990 as a problem pollutant in drinking water wells at levels as high as 3,000 ppt in Elmira, Ontario, Canada. The waste from a large chemical plant over many years had led to the contamination of the drinking water wells for the community. After extensive evaluation and testing, it was determined that UV photolysis was the most effective ...

  • Correlations between surrogate nitrogenous organic precursors and C-, N-DBP formation

    Nitrosamines have been emerging as disinfection byproducts in drinking water using source water impacted with domestic wastewaters. Nitrogenous organic compounds are suggested as precursors of nitrosamines, but many of them have not been identified. This study investigated the correlations between nine selected nitrogenous organic compounds with different characteristics and corresponding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficient photoelectrochemical splitting of water to H2 and O2 at nanocrystalline carbon modified (CM)-n-TiO2 and (CM)-n-Fe2O3 thin films

    Carbon modified titanium oxide (CM-n-TiO2) and iron (III) oxide (CM-n-Fe2O3) thin films were synthesised by thermal flame oxidation of Ti and Fe metal sheets, respectively. Under white light illumination of intensity of 100 mW cm−2 from a 150 W xenon lamp, the optimised CM-n-TiO2 and CM-n-Fe2O3 photoelectrode were found to split water to H2 and O2 with maximum photoconversion efficiencies of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The kinetics of carbon dioxide capture by solutions of piperazine and N-methyl piperazine

    In this paper, kinetics and mechanism of the reaction between CO2 and piperazine (PZ) or n-methyl piperazine (NMP) in aqueous and alcoholic solutions were investigated using direct stopped-flow technique under a range of temperatures (278, 288 and 298 K). The results show that the reactions follow a single termolecular reaction mechanism and the reaction rate between CO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transformations of n-alkanes from petroleum pollutants in alluvial groundwaters

    Abstract Investigations presented in this paper were aimed at defining the alterations of n-alkane composition in cases of oil-polluted alluvial sediments. Therefore, oil-polluted groundwater samples, taken in five different time intervals during a period of 28 months, were investigated. Samples of alluvial sediments were taken from two boreholes within an oil refinery at Pancevo, Yugoslavia. In ...


    By Springer

  • Hydrophilic modification of poly(vinylidene fluoride) ultrafiltration membranes by surface UV photo-grafting with N,N′-methylene-bisacrylamide as monomer and Ce(IV) as initiator

    A UV photo-grafting method was utilised to enhance the hydrophilicity and anti-fouling property of self-made poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) ultrafiltration membranes. N,N′-methylene-bisacrylamide (MBAA) was used as monomer and Ce(IV) was used as initiator to obtain balance between grafting treatment consumption and enhanced performance. MBAA could be grafted onto the surface of pure PVDF ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation of plasticiser di-n-butyl phthalate by immobilised microbial cells

    Microorganisms capable of degrading Di-n-Butyl Phthalate (DBP) were isolated by acclimation and enrichment techniques. The adaptation of microorganisms to DBP was investigated. The microbial cells were immobilised onto the ceramic honeycomb supports. The DBP degradation was performed in a novel kind of bioreactor using ceramic honeycomb support as carrier for microbial immobilisation. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • High-Performance Liquid Chromatography for Determination of N-Nitrosodimethylamine in Water

    High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was applied for aqueous determination of Nnitrosodimethylamine (NDMA). A fluorescence derivatization technique was adopted to enhance detection using HPLC. Derivatization with dansyl chloride was optimized for excitation and emission wavelengths (340 and 530 nm, respectively), pH (9-12), and concentration of dansyl chloride (500 mg/L). An instrumental ...

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