kyoto protocol Articles

  • Climate change negotiations: an analysis of the Kyoto Protocol

    This article gives a detailed legal analysis of the Kyoto Protocol's key provisions. The analysis includes a presentation of the negotiations' historical, institutional and political context, and of the positions of the different players. It describes the future challenges relating to the implementation of the Protocol and its possible strengthening.Keywords: climate change, implementation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The road not chosen

    Analysis of data for historical consumption of the most important energy sources and carbon emission leads to a method to calculate the carbon emission with another fuel mix than the actual one. It is shown that a continued growth of nuclear power could have replaced the whole Kyoto process.Keywords: economy, ecology, nuclear power, nuclear energy, Kyoto protocol, carbon emissions, road not ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the potential of flexible instruments under the Kyoto Protocol

    This paper analyses the potential market for project-based international cooperation within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol. With the help of existing cost data, it is shown that the scope for cost savings by using the project-based flexible instruments of the Protocol is considerable, and that a multi-billion dollar carbon credit market can emerge.Keywords: clean development mechanism, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The European Community`s initial report under the Kyoto Protocol

    This EEA report constitutes the main part of the European Community's submission of its initial report to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report establishes the assigned amount for the European Community (EU-15), and demonstrates its capacity to account for its emissions and assigned amount for the first commitment period under the Kyoto ...

  • Kyoto mistakes

    The Kyoto Protocol conflicts with a rational view of what short-term climate policy should achieve. Chosen emission reduction targets conflict with individual and social interests, and will therefore be hard to reach. Possibilities to cheat on the agreement are plentiful. Methane emission reduction may help to meet the short-term aims, but does not contribute to the ultimate objective.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Notes on environmental regulation and growth

    This paper looks at the costs of regulating the environment on economic growth in a model that has increasing returns to scale in production at lower levels of development. It concludes that these costs are low, as are the costs of moving from a non-optimal regulatory policy to an optimal one. The implied shape of the Environmental Kuznets Curve may have one or two humps, but this depends upon ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Introduction. Sustainable development or sustained decay? The question facing the 'with or without nuclear energy' world

    With the return of nuclear energy to the global energy arena, it is once more possible to speak of a sustainable development that guarantees the future of our planet, our children and our children's children. It is once more possible to promote the ambition and envisage the emergence of universal peace.Keywords: IAEA, Atoms for Peace, Mohamed El-Baradei, fossil energies, green lobbying, Kyoto ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections 2005

    Projections show that the pre-2004 EU Member States (EU-15) could cut their total emissions to 9.3% below 1990 levels by 2010 with a combination of existing domestic policies and measures already implemented, additional policies and measures currently being planned and the use of credits from emissions-saving projects in third countries through the Kyoto Protocol's 'flexible mechanisms'. Thus the ...

  • Climate negotiations from 1992 to 2011: changing issues and new stakes

    This paper describes the main stages of the climate negotiations since the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. After recalling the main components of the Kyoto Protocol, it describes the stakes in the discussions for developing countries as well as the increasing importance taken by these countries. It finally explains how the logic of binding commitments to reduce emissions, which was at the core of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clean Development Mechanism Projects

    What are Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects? The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an element of the Kyoto Protocol that generates Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from eligible climate change projects in developing countries. CERs are valuable assets and can be used in compliance markets such as the EU ETS, or in national ...


    By thinkstep

  • Reduction of the Emissions of HFC`s, PFC`s and SF6 in the European Union

     The report provides a first estimate of the development of the EU-wide use and emissions in 2005 and 2010 of the three industrial halogenated gases included in the Kyoto protocol, namely hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). It also makes a preliminary assessment of the options and costs of controlling these three gases, as well as of the ...

  • Suspension of eligibility to use of the Kyoto flexible mechanisms: A review of substantive issues (Part 1)

    The aim of this paper is to examine in detail the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, providing an insight into the rules for participation in the market created by the mechanisms, the operation of the mechanisms, and the effects of non-compliance with the applicable legal provisions. It examines the substantive legal provisions regulating eligibility to participate in the market mechanisms of the ...

  • Institutional Mechanisms to Address the AAU Reserves in a Post-2012 Agreement

    Russia, Ukraine, Poland, and some other countries will have large surpluses of Assigned Amount Units (AAUs) in the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2008-2012). This is likely to emerge as one of the central challenges during the post-2012 negotiations. This article proposes a mechanism for addressing the issue through an International AAU Reserve Fund that would facilitate ...

  • Formalising the building sector in the renewal of international climate change treaty

    The global communities, in the course of strategising actions to combat global warming, have recognised the huge potential of the building sector to mitigate climate change through reducing the sector's greenhouse gases emission. International organisations have begun campaigning for the building sector to be fully recognised in the renewal of international climate change treaty that will replace ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU climate policy: research support for Kyoto and beyond. Policy/research interface workshops series

    This paper contains a synthesis report of four research/policy interface workshops organised by the European Commission. The workshops were designed to provide direct and timely support for the development of the European Commission's approach to the Kyoto Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 1997, and to its follow-up. The workshops ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU emissions reduction strategy

    The task To work with ECOFYS in the Netherlands and NTUA in ...


    By Ricardo-AEA

  • Main issues related to CDM: a developing country perspective

    Four years after the Kyoto Protocol was agreed to, issues related to operationalising CDM are yet to be resolved. This paper presents the debate on key CDM issues, namely, those of baselines, additionality, supplementarity, application of the sustainable development criteria and the inclusion of sinks as CDM projects. CDM is compared with other flexible mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Kyoto and technology at the European Union: costs of emission reduction under flexibility mechanisms and technology progress

    This paper presents the analysis of the consequences of CO2 emission reduction policies, as derived, in a European Union perspective, from the Kyoto Protocol for the 2010 horizon. The first section provides a thorough assessment, based on the PRIMES model results, of the marginal and total costs of compliance to the Kyoto Protocol for a "no trading" case and for two cases of emission ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Social and economic aspects of CDM options in Brazil

    This study is devoted to analysing the social and economic aspects of the Brazilian options for projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) created under the Kyoto Protocol. If, on one hand, the CDM may, theoretically, be an efficient instrument to minimise global control costs of GHG emissions, on the other it will not, necessarily, maximise the welfare of the countries where these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Suspension of Eligibility to Use of the Kyoto Flexible Mechanisms: A Review of Substantive Issues (Part 2)

    This article assesses a vital aspect of the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol: the rules governing participation in the carbon market created by these mechanisms, and the effects of non-compliance with applicable legal provisions. Part one of this two-part article described the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol with a view to rules on market access, participation and eligibility. ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you