laboratory digester Articles

  • Maize mono-digestion efficiency: results from laboratory tests

    A laboratory experimental campaign was carried out in order to assess the optimal configuration for the anaerobic digestion of a mixture of sweet corn and ensiled maize. Batch hydrolysis tests were conducted at 35 and 55 °C and at four different particle sizes (2, 5, 20 and 50 mm) obtained by manual chopping and sieving. Chemical pre-treatment by 24 h incubation at various acid and alkaline pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of aliphatic polyesters

    Anaerobic processes for the treatment of plastic materials waste represent versatile and effective approach in environmental protection and solid waste management. In this work, anaerobic biodegradability of model aliphatic polyesters, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA), and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), in the form of powder and melt-pressed films with varying molar mass, was studied. Biogas production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advances in Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion

    ABSTRACTSignificant advances have been made in the knowledge base and practical options for improving thermophilic anaerobic digestion over the past 10 to 15 years. Today, more options exist that promise to enhance the degree of stabilization achieved and finished product quality in new and retrofitted existing processes. In parallel, the body of knowledge regarding pathogen inactivation in these ...

  • Laboratory-scale membrane up-concentration and co-anaerobic digestion for energy recovery from sewage and kitchen waste

    This study assessed an alternative concept for co-treatment of sewage and organic kitchen waste in Vietnam. The goal was to apply direct membrane filtration for sewage treatment to generate a permeate that is suitable for discharge. The obtained chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations in the permeate of ultrafiltration tests were indeed under the limit value (50 mg/L) of the local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating Food Digestion Effluent For Landscape Use

    Over the last year, Loyola Marymount University (LMU) has installed and studied a food waste diversion technology that converts raw food waste into a liquid effluent that is disposed through the sewer system. As an urban university located in West Los Angeles, California, LMU faces two major barriers with respect to composting food waste: on-campus space constraints and long distances to off-site ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Aerobic biological treatment of thermophilically digested sludge

    Aerobic biological treatment of digested sludge was studied in a continuously operated laboratory set-up. An aerated reactor was filled with thermophilically digested sludge from the Moscow wastewater treatment plant and inoculated with special activated sludge. It was then operated at the chemostat mode at different flow rates. Processes of nitrification and denitrification, as well as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Digester Developers Target Mixed Organic Waste Streams

     emerging group of commercial companies see a viable business opportunity in North America around building, owning and operating larger scale anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities to process mixed organic waste streams. In some instances, the projects being proposed and constructed only include anaerobic digester operations. In others, there is a combination of digestion with back-end ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Beating treatment to enhance digestibility of fresh grass

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the most popular biomass conversion technologies. AD can be further divided into four stages: pre–treatment, digestion, gas upgrading and digestate. The main goal of pre–treatment is to improve degradability of the material in order to enhance gas production and anaerobic digester performance. Beating treatment as a new mechanical treatment technique has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advantages of anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions

    The paper reviews results and experience of microaerobic experiments at both high and low sulphide concentrations and evaluates advantages and drawbacks of the anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions as regards biogas quality, digested sludge quality, organic pollutants biodegradability and methanogenic activity of biomass. The innovative microaerobic modification of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Digester Developer Taps Natural Gas Markets

    IN the late 1990s, Dan Eastman and two colleagues were researching business opportunities in the renewable energy industry. They were looking for a commercially viable technology that could take renewable energy from an experimental phase to a solid business investment. In 1999, Eastman and his partners founded Microgy, Inc., with its base in Wisconsin. The company licensed the Xergi anaerobic ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Combined experiences of thermal hydrolysis and anaerobic digestion – latest thinking on thermal hydrolysis of secondary sludge only for optimum dewatering and digestion.

    ABSTRACT The basic principles of batch thermal hydrolysis process (THP) are well known as a pre-treatment to anaerobic digestion (AD) . Early work done in the 70s in the USA and the 80s in Japan demonstrated the optimum time and temperature for thermal hydrolysis being 340 F for 30minutes. These principles have been put into full practice in 20 plants around the world at plants ranging from 5 ...


    By Cambi AS

  • High solids anaerobic digestion of pfmsw using novel anaerobic reactors

    In the last decade efforts have been made to control anaerobic digestion of the putrescible fraction of municipal solid waste (PFMSW) in engineered reactors, than to allow for 'free' digestion in landfill sites. Such a process achieves enhanced treatment efficiency in significantly reduced retention times (from years down to days) and completes energy recovery from waste, without biogas emissions ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Syntrophic acetate oxidation in two-phase (acid–methane) anaerobic digesters

    The microbial processes involved in two-phase anaerobic digestion were investigated by operating a laboratory-scale acid-phase (AP) reactor and analyzing two full-scale, two-phase anaerobic digesters operated under mesophilic (35 °C) conditions. The digesters received a blend of primary sludge and waste activated sludge (WAS). Methane levels of 20% in the laboratory-scale reactor indicated the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A modified anaerobic digestion process with chemical sludge pre-treatment and its modelling

    Activated Sludge Models (ASMs) assume an unbiodegradable organic particulate fraction in the activated sludge, which is derived from the decay of active microorganisms in the sludge and/or introduced from wastewater. In this study, a seasonal change of such activated sludge constituents in a municipal wastewater treatment plant was monitored for 1.5 years. The chemical oxygen demand ratio of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of corn ethanol distillery wastewater using two-stage anaerobic digestion

    In this study the mesophilic two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn bioethanol distillery wastewater is investigated in laboratory-scale reactors. Two-stage AD technology separates the different sub-processes of the AD in two distinct reactors, enabling the use of optimal conditions for the different microbial consortia involved in the different process phases, and thus allowing for higher ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic thermophilic digestion of sewage sludge with a thickened sludge recycle

    The process of anaerobic thermophilic digestion of municipal wastewater sludge with a recycled part of thickened digested sludge, was studied in semi-continuous laboratory digesters. This modified recycling process resulted in increased solids retention time (SRT) with the same hydraulic retention time (HRT) as compared with traditional digestion without recycling. Increased SRT without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of various leachate recirculation strategies on batch anaerobic digestion of solid substrates

    Various leachate recirculation strategies were applied to a batch-wise operated solid-phase digestion system in laboratory-scale tests. Comparative experiments with both continuous and intermittent leachate recirculation revealed no advantages of a continuous flow. Results suggest that leachate recirculation should not be carried out continuously during process initialisation when methanogenesis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced Digestion Plant at Bran Sands design and construct experiences

    Abstract In June 2007 Northumbrian Water awarded a design and construct contract to Aker Solutions for a new advanced digestion (AD) plant at their Bran Sands site on Teesside. Following laboratory trials, advanced digestion via thermal hydrolysis was identified as the preferred treatment process for the upgrade of Bran Sands Regional Sludge Treatment Centre (RSTC). The plant will treat ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Full-stream and part-stream ultrasound treatment effect on sludge anaerobic digestion

    The use of ultrasound as pre-treatment to improve anaerobic digestion of secondary sludge has been established as a promising technology. There are great differences between lab scale and full-scale devices, regarding the relationship between the disintegration achieved and the energy supplied. Based on economic aspects, most of the full-scale plants use partial-stream instead of the full-stream ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The influence of temperature and SRT on high-solid digestion of municipal sewage sludge

    The influence of temperature and solids retention time (SRT) on high-solid digestion of municipal sewage sludge was investigated in laboratory-scale reactors. Digestion with high-solid concentration reduces the required digestion volume and is advantageous for urban areas. The experimental conditions comprised total suspended solids (TSS) in digested sludge between 4.0 and 4.6%, temperatures ...


    By IWA Publishing

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