laboratory total organic carbon Articles

  • City of Houston Total Organic Carbon - Case Study

    ABSTRACT The City of Houston, Texas has been aware of the implications that current and pending regulatory standards would have on the operation of their four surface water treatment facilities. In particular, the City has closely monitored changes in regulations related to enhanced coagulation, total organic carbon (TOC) removal, and disinfection by-products (DBP) reduction. The ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • New Green Methodology for Measuring Total Organic Carbon (TOC) — Supercritical Water Oxidation (SCWO)

    Analyzing the total organic carbon (TOC) content of industrial wastewater, process influent and effluent water, and environmental water samples can be very challenging. These aggressive sample matrices often clog or damage TOC analyzers that use the combustion method. This can result in expensive preventive maintenance and excessive non-regenerative waste. To address these critical issues, GE ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Organics Monitoring (TOC)

    Total organic carbon (TOC) testing is the traditional method for determining organic matter in water. However there is a far more practical, affordable and often more useful way to measure organic matter. UV absorbance testing (UVA) is rapidly becoming the preferred method of measuring organics even when the levels of organics being measured are very small. Organic Matter Organic ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Nitrogen and carbon removal thanks to bacterial processes in a single stadium system ( PRiBioAC 3S ) in wastewaters with high organic and nitrose load

    Biologic procedure for nitrogen and carbon removal in a single step system (PriBioAC 3S) from zootechnical sewage with an high organic and nitrogen level. A solution for nitrate problem Paolo Broglio (paolo.broglio@ecologia-applicata.it) - Ecologia Applicata S.r.l. Services for Ecology Scientific Organization of Environmental ...


  • Application notes: TOC analysis in a chemical laboratory

    What You Need to Know Analytical laboratories in the chemical industry are routinely tasked with monitoring organics in water across a wide range of applications. For example, organic carbon analysis is being used to: Monitor plant storm water and wastewater Test for condensate system or boiler integrity Enhance cooling and make-up water quality ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Japanese Organics Recycling Association Formed

    Another backyard composting adage states that compost should have the feel of a wrung-out sponge — damp but not dripping wet. Actually, a wrung-out sponge may be on the dry side for composting, but the analogy does provide a great image for understanding the reasons for balancing moisture. Like a compost pile (or windrow or material in a vessel), a sponge is a solid mass containing an enormous ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Avoiding Sewer Fires with Vapor Space Organics Monitoring

    ABSTRACTRegulation of flammable gases released from wastewater discharges is facilitated by the use of the Vapor Space Organics test method. Such regulation can reduce the risk of a flash sewer fire, resulting damage and potential injury. The updated 2003 VSO process developed by Severn Trent Laboratories produced data that was equivalent to the 1990 VSO process developed and used by the ...

  • Anaerobic degradation of carbon capture reclaimer MEA waste

    The anaerobic biodegradation of reclaimer MEA (monoethanolamine) waste (MEAw) with easily degradable co-substrates was investigated in a laboratory-scale bioreactor at room temperature during a 160 d experimental run. The reactor that was constructed with three phases to facilitate attached biofilm and suspended biomass retention for degradation of the complex and challenging MEAw performed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantifying Carbon dioxide and Methane emissions and Carbon dynamics from flooded boreal forest soil

    Received for publication January 16, 2008. The boreal forest is subject to natural and anthropogenic disturbances, but the production of greenhouse gases as a result of flooding for hydroelectric power generation has received little attention. It was hypothesized that flooded soil would result in greater CO2 and CH4 emissions and carbon (C) fractionation compared with non-flooded soil. To ...

  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • Laboratory-scale membrane up-concentration and co-anaerobic digestion for energy recovery from sewage and kitchen waste

    This study assessed an alternative concept for co-treatment of sewage and organic kitchen waste in Vietnam. The goal was to apply direct membrane filtration for sewage treatment to generate a permeate that is suitable for discharge. The obtained chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations in the permeate of ultrafiltration tests were indeed under the limit value (50 mg/L) of the local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot-scale study of powdered activated carbon recirculation for micropollutant removal

    Adsorption onto powdered activated carbon (PAC) is a promising technique for the removal of organic micropollutants (OMPs) from treated wastewater. To enhance the adsorption efficiency, PAC is recycled back into the adsorption stage. This technique was examined in pilot scale in comparison to a reference without recirculation. Coagulation with Fe3+ was carried out simultaneously to adsorption. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Distribution of pyrethroid insecticides in secondary wastewater effluent

    Although the freely dissolved form of hydrophobic organic chemicals may best predict aquatic toxicity, differentiating between dissolved and particle bound forms is challenging at environmentally relevant concentrations for compounds with low toxicity thresholds such as pyrethroid insecticides. We investigated the distribution of pyrethroids among three forms: freely dissolved, complexed with ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Electrochemical oxidation of wastewater – opportunities and drawbacks

    Electrochemical oxidation by means of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes generates a very efficient oxidizing environment by forming hydroxyl radicals, providing effective water purification for elimination of persistent pollutants. In this project the degradation rates of organic and inorganic substances are investigated. Experiments were performed in laboratory and pilot scale with synthetic and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water matrix effect on UV photodegradation of perfluorooctanoic acid

    The widespread detection of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in the water environment has been a concern for the last several years, while effluents from wastewater treatment facilities are the major sources of these compounds. Even advanced oxidation technologies (AOTs) are not useful for mineralization of the compounds due to their very high stability. Photochemical techniques using particularly ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tenax extraction of sediments to estimate desorption and bioavailability of hydrophobic contaminants: A literature review

    A major issue with characterizing sediment‐associated hydrophobic contaminants is the difficulty in assessing the total amount of compound that is available for chemical exchange with an organism. To address this point, contaminant concentrations have been normalized for specific sediment characteristics, including organic carbon content, or the chemical activity has been estimated using ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A combined UASB-MBR with shortcut nitrification-denitrification for energy reduction in wastewater reclamation

    Shortcut nitrification has been successfully applied in a laboratory scale nitrification-denitrification process consisting of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) and an aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR) in treating synthetic and municipal wastewater to simultaneously remove organic carbon and nitrogen. For the treatment of synthetic wastewater, the combined system exhibited a high TOC ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Continuous treatments of synthetic groundwater by an in situ denitrification and oxidation process with injection of electrolytic hydrogen and oxygen

    Long-term continuous treatments of synthetic groundwater containing 15.06 ± 0.55 mg-N/L nitrate were conducted using an in situ denitrification and oxidation process under different operating conditions. In the experiments, electrolytic hydrogen and oxygen were injected upstream and downstream in a laboratory-scale aquifer, respectively, and measurements were made for nitrate, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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