laboratory wave measurement Articles

  • Measurement of Shear Waves in Laboratory Specimens by Means of Piezoelectric Transducers

    The use of piezoelectric ceramics to measure shear wave velocity in laboratory soil specimens is discussed. The experimental technique and interpretative methodology are described. Both bender and flat-plate ceramic elements were employed, and each performed well. Interpretation of the shear waveforms generated with each transducer improved as the number of wavelengths between the source and ...


    By ASTM International

  • Dynamic rotary torque measurement using surface acoustic waves

    The subject of torque measurement has previously been addressed extensively. Most of the existing transducers either rely on low voltage analogue systems (e.g. conventional resistive strain gauge) or complicated mechanical assemblies by physically assessing displacement, i.e. optical systems. This paper identifies a new, potentially low cost, non-contact, frequency domain strain torque sensor1 ...


    By Sensor Technology Ltd

  • Modelling the motion of an internal solitary wave over a bottom ridge in a stratified fluid

    A series of laboratory experiments has been carried out to investigate the passage of an internal solitary wave of depression over a bottom ridge, in a two-layer fluid system for which the upper and lower layer is linearly-stratified and homogeneous respectively. Density, velocity and vorticity fields induced by the wave propagation over the ridge have been measured simultaneously at three ...


    By Springer

  • The Five Factors of Smart Laboratory Success

    The Five Factors Research organizations are under pressure to cut costs while maintaining or increasing throughput. To improve their operations, many laboratories are considering investments in data management or support and automation systems like ELNs, LIMS or Robotics/HTS. Whatever the change that is introduced, there are many pitfalls on the way to delivery, roll-out and ...

  • An Experimental Laboratory Facility for Studying Shock-Induced Liquefaction

    Our paper describes a new experimental laboratory apparatus developed to investigate the transient and long-term porewater pressure response of saturated soils subject to compressional stress wave loading. An overview of the laboratory system, the various components, and the experimental procedure followed are presented. Measurements include porewater pressure-time histories for the specimen and ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Device for the Measurement of Sub-Surface Ground Vibrations

    A reliable measurement of free-field stress waves from transient loading has several important applications, for example, in the design of effective wave barriers to protect sensitive equipment and in the design of underground protective structures against explosive loading, to name a few. The characteristics of a stress wave are highly dependent on the energy source and the soil medium through ...


    By ASTM International

  • Experimental comparison of canal models for control purposes using simulation and laboratory experiments

    Considerable amounts of water can be saved by automating irrigation canals. The design of most of the practical automatic controllers rely on a simplified model of the irrigation canal. This model can be obtained from measured data (identification) or can be formulated (white box models) assuming simplifications in the physical concepts and using the canal geometry. Several models of this kind ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Expert Perspectives on Optimizing Processes in the Laboratory – An Interview with Peter Boogaard

    With nearly 40 years of experience working in Life Sciences and laboratory automation systems Peter Boogaard has seen amazing improvements in optimizing business processes in the laboratory. Starting in the early 1980’s, Peter worked for PerkinElmer on new product lines associated with CAChe (Computer-aided chemistry). These new CAChe products were LIMS and chromatography data handling ...


    By Poplar Solutions, LLC

  • Helplessly exposed to nature? How lightning storms can be measured

    Each day, there occur about 1,000 thunderstorms with 4-10 million lightning bolts worldwide. In average, 700 people per year are hit by such light discharges, of which 75% of the hits result in long-term damages. Between three and seven cases end fatal. The risk is particularly high in the open field and is fortunately decreasing. The reason for this is that we stay more often inside in cars and ...

  • Summertime conditions of a muddy estuarine environment: the EsCoSed project contribution

    As part of the Estuarine Cohesive Sediments (EsCoSed) project, a field experiment was performed in a highly engineered environment, acting as a natural laboratory, to study the physico-chemical properties of estuarine sediments and the associated hydro-morphodynamics during different seasons. The present contribution focuses on the results obtained from the summertime monitoring of the most ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dynamic High Stress Experiments on Soil

    The split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) technique has been adapted to measure the dynamic response of soil to impulse loads. The experimental technique is relatively simple and can investigate soil response in regimes beyond the capabilities of current equipment used for dynamic soil laboratory investigations. Soils have several characteristics that must be considered in designing a SHPB ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Multi-Sensor Piezometer for Shallow Marine Sediments in Coastal Environments

    A multi-sensor piezometer has been developed to measure dynamic excess and ambient pore pressures in shallow marine sediments under the effect of surface waves, tides, and currents. The probe consists of a shaft (1.5 m long with five porous stones at subseafloor depths ranging from 0.10 to 0.93 m) and two upper chambers (one that is hermetically sealed for the transducer electronics and another ...


    By ASTM International

  • Gmax-qc Relationships for Clays

    Data are compiled from 31 clay sites where in-situ measurements of initial tangent shear modulus (Gmax) and cone tip resistance (qc) were available. Values of Gmax were obtained from either seismic cone penetration (SCPT), crosshole (CHT), downhole (DHT), or spectral analysis of surface wave (SASW) tests, and readings of qc were taken either by regular cone penetration (CPT) or piezocone (CPTU) ...


    By ASTM International

  • Transient tests for locating and sizing illegal branches in pipe systems

    In pipe systems illegal branches can take away remarkable water resources with negative effects from both the economic and technical points of view. Difficulties in pointing out illegal branches by means of steady-state pressure and discharge measurements are mainly due to the fact that, of course, such systems are not active according to a regular time schedule. In this paper the possibility of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reaching underground resources

    Accessing critical resources such as geothermal energy and natural gas requires drilling — an expensive, energy-intensive, messy process with today's technology. An MIT team has been looking into a more elegant approach. Instead of grinding rock to bits, they would use a continuous beam of energy to vaporize it and then blow out the tiny particles that form with a high-pressure stream of ...

  • Monitoring the holy ground of FC Basel - Case Study

    The grass on athletic grounds, particularly in large stadiums, is not only an important concern for sports but also one of the largest cost drivers. Therefore, the monitoring and care of the grounds takes on special significance. PlantCare has installed a soil moisture monitoring system as part of the redesign of the entire playing field at St. Jakob-Park stadium in Basel. The system measures ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Sustainable Consumption: EU to Propose Methods for Environmental Footprint Analysis

    The European Commission has developed two life cycle based methods for the analysis of environmental impacts for products (Product Environmental Footprint (PEF)) and organizations (Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF)) to harmonize environmental assessments and their related claims. The methods are currently being tested during a three-year pilot phase, with the 1st wave of pilots for ...


    By SGS

  • Testing the Waters

    Last summer’s wave of tropical storms left the East Coast scrambling to ensure drinking water quality. Water Quality Products editorial intern Raissa Rocha spoke with Marc Hamel of testing equipment manufacturer Horizon Technology Inc. to discuss the impact weather events may have on water quality. Raissa Rocha: What is your experience with ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • A Cost-Effective Approach to Explosion Consequence Modeling

    Failure to identify and mitigate explosion hazards is a persistent cause of industrial accidents, impacting sites ranging from fertilizer storage facilities to refineries. While some explosion consequence assessments are performed to comply with regulatory requirements or industry-specific process safety standards, in many cases the potential for loss of life and property damage is overlooked ...

  • Transducers – “A lifetime of quality”

    At Brüel & Kjær, transducers are a core part of our business. They have been for more than50 years – almost a lifetime! The quality of our transducers is world-renowned. It is the result of our unique experience and knowledge, backed up by meticulous testing and quality control. Experience, Knowledge and Innovation Our experience and knowledge, acquired over ...

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