landfill plastic biodegradation Articles

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Green labels: The walk behind the talk - `Biodegradable`

    The word “biodegradable” is probably one of the easiest green labels to understand, so one may assume it is also the least likely to be subject to false claims. However, the term is still interpreted very loosely and frequently used on products that are toxic, that break down into harmful environmental contaminants, or that can take many decades, even centuries, to decompose. On top ...


    By green24

  • Florida hospital complex goes green with recycling, biodegradable programs

    For Earth Day 2009, Rob Lester really had something special to celebrate. Just one year after launching a biodegradable project at Florida’s Ocala Regional Medical Center and West Marion Community Hospital, some 1.5 million Styrofoam cups, bowls and plates and plastic utensils are no longer being sent to the landfill. That program has proven so successful that the 200-bed medical center and its ...

  • The search for sustainable plastics

    As petroleum-based polymers foul our oceans and litter our lives, researchers seek more environmentally friendly ways to meet demand for durable, versatile materials. The fate of the world’s oceans may rest inside a stainless steel tank not quite the size of a small beer keg. Inside, genetically modified bacteria turn corn syrup into a churning mass of polymers that can be ...


    By Ensia

  • Compostable Plastics And Environmental Marketing Claims

    According to a bottled water survey conducted by Perception Research Services International (PRS) for Brand Packaging published in August 2011, where shoppers were interviewed in person to gain some insights on marketing claims, environmental and recycling messages were misunderstood and not even noticed by a majority of consumers interviewed. In fact, only 50 out of 200 shoppers even noticed the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Plastic bags should be managed, not banned

    Cities in a number of Asian countries, including China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore and Taiwan, are currently on the warpath against plastic shopping bags. The cities have passed local laws that ban such bags, on the basis that they clog sewers and drainage canals, cause street flooding, choke animals and are responsible for other forms of ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Operator Strategies : Sorting Out the Plastic

    BETTER BUGS Ideas and products in the Better Bugs category attempt to affect the biological components and biochemistry of processes by altering the mix of microorganisms or enzymes present. After all, biology is the foundation of many, if not most, organics recycling systems. Pyrophiles: The first example of Better Bugs involves pyrophilic organisms, bugs that can take the heat. This example is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • New research may solve the problem of plastic wastes

    GLOBE-Net, May 8, 2013* - Plastic - it is an indispensable part of our everyday lives and an almost indestructible part of the garbage that daily ends up in our landfills, incinerators, junk yards, in our rivers or oceans, or in the bellies of fish or animals that form part of our food chain.  Every year, over 260 million tonnes of plastic are produced globally. That is ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • The future of plastics - Is there a solution to this huge waste management problem?

    Plastic - it has become the cornerstone of our modern life style, and one of the most challenging global waste management problems. So beneficial in countless ways, this nearly indestructible material is littering our environment on land and sea. Difficult to recycle, as post-consumer waste, and hard to break down, plastic in its many forms has become a serious environment problem. But solutions ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Macroscopic temporal studies on the effect of waste plastic materials on anaerobic digestion of raw vegetable market wastes: experiment and modelling

    Rapid urbanisation of the human society has resulted in increasing quantities of municipal solid wastes (MSW). One significant component of MSW is waste plastics (WP). Most of those WP are non-biodegradable and impermeable in nature. It is generally advised that these WP should be retrieved and separated before the landfill operation. This includes an additional cost of operation. To date, no ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emission of volatile organic compounds from solid waste disposal sites

    The emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a solid waste disposal site for municipal solid wastes was quantified. The VOCs contained in the landfill gas taken at the site were benzene, toluene, xylenes, ethyl benzenes, and trimethyl benzenes, while the concentrations of chlorinated compounds were very low. The concentration of benzene in the landfill gas samples ranged from below the ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Municipal solid waste - waste to energy conversion in India: an overview

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated in enormous quantities, in India, causing environmental problems. It is collected primarily by sweeping in India and dumped on the outskirts of urban areas, which pollute the environment. Such MSWs also release methane and carbon dioxide, which are important greenhouse gases. MSW comprises biodegradable material. The MSW disposal methods in India mainly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mater-bi starch-based materials : present situation and future perspectives

    The environmental impact related to the emissions of gases with green-house effect and the management of solid waste disposal with regard to the decreasing availability of landfills, the litter problem and the pollution of the marine environment became very urgent in the last decade. An obliged approach to solve the problem is: the valorisation of waste as a resource through its separation into ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Corporate recycling, sunny side-up

    Food manufacturing and packaging go hand in hand.  What may not be so obvious, however, is that the links between the two are about to become a lot more, er, ineggstricable. That’s right, thanks to some pioneering work out of England, we’ve learned that eggs themselves may contain the answers to some of the world’s environmental woes. Scientists out of the University of ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Break It Down, Build It Up - Sustainable Science Has Roots in ASTM Standards Development

    It was back in the 1980s,” Richard Wool, Ph.D., recalls. “A lot of waste management sites were running out of space. Barges full of garbage were plowing up and down the East Coast with no place to dock. The idea of having biodegradable plastics would address a number of issues like getting rid of the trash and cleaning up marine waste, which was becoming a huge issue at the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Composting infrastructure trends in the UK

    The European Union's Landfill Directive, which restricts landfilling of biodegradable waste, has made it necessary to develop alternative infrastructures to manage the organic fraction of the solid waste stream. In the United Kingdom, the Landfill Directive has created demand for composting facilities that take source separated organics (SSO), and for anaerobic digestion. Infrastructure also is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Environmental Assessment of Municipal Waste Management Scenarios: Part I Data Collection and Preliminary Environmental Assessments for Life Cycle Thinking Pilot Studies

     Landfilling can be almost eliminated and reductions in climate change contributions of 7% can be achieved relative to monitoring data for Kyoto targets in regions with high percentages of biodegradable waste using advanced waste management systems. Additional benefits outside the region are achieved through energy recovery, recycling, and compost production. These are quantified using life cycle ...


  • Talking Trash: The world`s waste management problem

    Trash is a pervasive but unnoticed part of our lives. The great irony of waste management is that even the most efficient and well-run waste collection programs remain out of sight, ignored by the public that they serve. Only with failure does the omnipresence of trash really come to light. Today, many nations face a looming waste management crisis, as their landfills reach capacity and continue ...

  • Rethinking Packaging

    Packaging—it surrounds almost everything we buy. Think about all the boxes, plastic wrap, six-pack rings, toothpaste tubes, plastic bottles, Styrofoam peanuts, and more we come across every day. Unfortunately, a lot of this packaging either ends up in the trash can or is littered. One way to be responsible is to buy things that don’t have a lot of packaging. If you do buy something ...


    By Eco Partners, Inc.

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