landfill pollution Articles

  • Formulation of a landfill pollution potential index to compare pollution potential of uncontrolled landfills

    Generally speaking, landfilling is one of the prominent methods of waste disposal around the globe, but some under-developed and developing countries still continue to practice uncontrolled open dumping of waste. These uncontrolled landfills pose a relatively high threat to the various elements of the environment in comparison with the conventional engineered landfills that are used in many ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) for reduction of organic pollutants in landfill leachate: a review

    Uncontrolled municipal landfill leachate during landfilling can seriously pollute groundwater, surface water and soil. Over the past decades, a variety of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs), primarily utilising hydroxyl radicals to effect water purification, have been frequently investigated for treatment of landfill leachate. This paper first summarises the typical characteristics of organic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in leachates from municipal landfills

    The leachates from six municipal waste landfills, located in South-eastern Poland, were studied for the presence of major, Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) – PAHs, Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)/Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans (PCDFs), Polychlorinated Dibenzothiophenes (PCDTs) and Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). The measured concentrations varied with respect to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of leachate pollution indices for assessment of leachate pollution potential of landfills (a case study of an unlined landfill with lime sludge and fly ash)

    Leachates from unlined landfills cause environmental degradation and health hazards due to resultant ground water pollution. Their pollution potential can be measured on a comparative scale using leachate pollution index (LPI). The selection of index involves 18 pollution parameters, their weightages and the sub–index values. The concentrations of pollutants are obtained from toxicity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Electrochemical treatment of landfill leachate

    Electrochemical methods can offer an elegant contribution towards environmental control as electrons provide a means of removing pollutants by redox reactions. In the process of electrochemical oxidation the main aim has been to convert oxidisable species into carbon dioxide. Leachate originating in landfills is complex wastewater that could exert high environmental impact. This study aims to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU Directive on the Landfill of Waste

    The Commission has adopted a new Proposal on the Landfill of Waste. The objective of this Proposal is to reduce the impact of waste disposal on the environment. Disposal of waste is the option of last resort in the hierarchy of waste management principles as stated by the Commission in its Waste Strategy Review of July 1996. In the Review the Commission gives clear preference to minimization and ...


  • Cement kiln dust landfill

    Client: Confidential Location: Southam, Rugby Services: Hydrogeological risk assessment , data interpretation. Issues: Poor background groundwater quality, dewatering, potential risk to controlled waters Summary: ESI provided the data analysis, interpretation and hydrogeological risk assessment ...

  • Risk analysis of landfills

    A landfill has its own risks, like many other technologies. In the framework of the Polyproject 'Risk and Safety of Technical Systems' (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich) a special methodology has been developed for analysing and assessing the different risks of a landfill. In the first main task of this task-oriented methodology, the whole procedure and the goals of the risk analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Landfill leachate treatment

    Landfills are categorized by regulations in three types: industrial, municipal, and hazardous. Individual landfills may be further differentiated by the types of waste which they accept. All landfills are required to be capped, usually occurring at the end of each day. The cap is typically 6-8” of soil. The cap reduces odor and loss due to wind. At the closing of the landfill, a permanent ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Major Considerations in Landfill Closure

    Preparing for the closure and long-term care of a municipal solid waste landfill (MSWLF) can be an inordinate undertaking. Whether public or private, all landfills eventually reach the end of their active lifecycle. Before closure, a landfill must meet a series of criteria as determined by Subtitle D of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Following closure, those same regulations ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Zero landfill is not zero waste

    THE Zero Waste movement is more than just a vision. It is a movement that is actually changing the world. To prove it, I recommend visiting GreenBiz.com and in the search box type “zero waste.” You will be amazed, as I was, at the tsunami of business activities over the last couple of years related to the idea of totally eliminating waste from our manufacturing, distribution and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Landfills Expand Energy Output

    HIGH fossil fuel prices and growing concern about global climate change are creating favorable conditions for landfill gas energy (LFGE) projects. Notably, endorsement of LFGE by Federal agencies and many states as a form of “green” power has enabled LFGE developers to earn premiums for electricity marketed through green power programs, and to benefit from expanded federal tax credits for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Monitoring And Analysis of Landfill Gases

    CoGDEM is the trade association representing manufacturers and service providers who are active in the field of gas detection instrumentation and environmental monitoring apparatus. Crowcon Detection Instruments Ltd was one of the founding members of CoGDEM, and in this article their Product Manager of Fixed Systems, Andy Avenell, gives an update on Landfill Gas. Landfill is by far the most ...

  • Treatment of landfill leachate by effective microorganisms

    Five dominant strains, capable of treating leachate effectively, were isolated. The results showed that the removal efficiency of COD by using the mixed strains was higher than the pure strain, reaching 46.8%. The optimal inoculum concentration and the treatment time were 10.0% and 120 h respectively. The removal rate of COD reached the maximum at the temperature of 35°C and pH of 7.0. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of landfill gas and methane emission at Keru landfill site, Jodhpur (India)

    Jodhpur is densely populated and urbanised city of Rajasthan state. The population of the city is considerably increased in past few decades due to rapid urbanisation and industrialisation within the city. Presently inhabitants of Jodhpur generate about 392 t/d of MSW. MSW management has remained one of the most neglected areas of the municipal systems. About 70–80% of generated MSW is collected ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Completion reporting for a closed landfill site

    Client: Waste Management Industry Location: UK Services: Landfill completion reporting for a closed site, including desk study and risk assessment Issues: Landfill completion criteria, potential risk to groundwater, environment or human health. Summary: ESI undertook a desk study and risk ...

  • Risk assessment for a landfill PPC application

    Client: Waste Management Industry Location: Co-disposal landfill site for non-hazardous and hazardous waste,  Worcestershire. Services: Hydrogeological risk assessment, landfill monitoring support, Environmental permit application support , Issues: Potential risk to groundwater,  Environmental Permit ...

  • Kinetic study of toxic pollutants decomposition by ozone in landfill leachate using a numerical adaptive method

    This study describes a new method to perform the kinetic study of toxic pollutants decomposition by ozone in landfill leachate using a novel numerical adaptive method based on the classical least square method. The leachate was obtained from the Mexico City waste sanitary landfill (Bordo Poniente) and was treated by ozonation after a coagulation treatment with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Column studies aiming at identification of suitable filter materials for pollutant removal from landfill leachate

    Landfill leachate contains a complex mixture of inorganic and organic pollutants, which need to be removed before they pollute the environment. Different filter media (peat mixed with either carbon-containing ash, polyurethane waste, or wood pellets) were investigated with respect to their possibility to simultaneously and at low initial concentrations remove metals, polar and non-polar organic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of hydraulic containment of a landfill site

    Client: Waste Management Industry Location: Hydraulically contained landfill site, UK Services: Data review, hydrogeological risk assessment, hydraulic containment. Issues: Potential risk to groundwater and surface water, environment and human health. Leachate level control and trigger level compliance. ...

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