landfill protocol Articles

  • Overview of the climate action reserve: opportunities for landfill operators

    There is an active and growing market for carbon credits in the U.S., and landfill owners/ operators need to be aware of the opportunities that this may present for their businesses. Though we do not yet have a nationwide cap-and-trade system, there is an active voluntary market for carbon credits (millions of dollars and millions of credits were traded in 2009) and momentum is gaining behind ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Landfill site improvement condition for PPC permit

    The installation is a landfill site licensed for the disposal of inert waste. It lies in a potentially sensitive location on the flood plain of the River Great Ouse, near Milton Keynes and it is therefore important to the client to ensure good environmental monitoring is undertaken. The site is divided into two sections, (the north western area and the south eastern area) by the River Great Ouse, ...

  • Environmental risk assessment of a closed industrial landfill

    Client: Waste Management Industry Location: Closed landfill, Warwickshire, UK Services: Hydrogeological risk assessment and Closed landfill support Issues: Potential risk to groundwater and surface water, environment and human health. Gaps in available data for closed landfill site. Summary: ESI ...

  • Environment Agency Environmental Management Quality Protocols: converting waste into non-waste products

    Many organisations are unaware of how waste impacts their bottom line. The EU Waste Framework Directive outlines 5 core steps for dealing with waste and when ranked according their environmental impact, they make up the ‘waste hierarchy’. With an increase in demand for resources and increasing input costs, businesses could benefit substantially from adopting the waste ...


    By GPT Waste Management Ltd

  • UK companies help to divert waste from landfill in the Middle East

    The Middle East is a thriving area and, as a major producer of the world’s oil and gas supplies, is also rich in natural resources. The exploitation of these resources, together with the increase in associated industries, carries with it significant environmental challenges.  The need for appropriate environmental management is becoming increasingly important and environmental regulations in many ...


  • MARCA Landfill gas to Energy project - Brazil case study

    Project Description The project is being developed by EcoMethane who has invested, designed, constructed, installed and currently operating the LFG collection and flaring systems. In addition, EcoMethane developed the project under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol and placed the carbon credits in the marketplace. When a suitable power purchase agreement is in place, ...


    By Biogas Technology Limited

  • Carbon offsets from organic waste conversion projects

    The Climate Act ion Reserve (the Reserve) has long had a protocol to give credit for the capture and destruction of methane emissions from organic waste in landfills, but they have now opened up the possibility of credits for projects that prevent that waste from entering landfills in the first place. In October 2009, the Reserve adopted the Organic Waste Digestion Project Protocol, covering both ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Composting generates cash for greenhouse gas benefits

    Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) recently finalized an initiative to develop a protocol for issuing offsets to projects that avoid greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through composting or other similar approaches. This article explores the development of the new protocol, reviews its key attributes and describes how an entity can earn tradable credits for its GHG mitigation project. In 1992, the U.S. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • GHG emissions: an assessment at municipal solid waste disposal site in Indore, India

    After ratifying the Kyoto protocol the assessment of anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHG) inventories has become crucial for India. Municipal solid waste management system for city of Indore, India, has been evaluated for GHG emissions over a period of 41 years. Corresponding assessment of CO2, methane and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of CO2 Emission Trading Schemes on Residual Waste Management

    ABSTRACT The EU-Emission trading scheme (ETS) in its current design hardly affects residual waste management directly: methane from landfill-sites is not included although it is one of the “Green-House-Gases” (GHG) of the Kyoto Protocol, CO2-emissions from waste incineration plants are generally exempted from the regulation of the directive and emissions from combustion of landfill-site gas can ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Anaerobic digestion in Sweden - status and experiences

    The implementation of biogas technology has in general increased in Sweden over the last 4-5 years. The main reason for this development is the effort to replace landfilling of nutrient-rich, wet organic waste with sustainable alternatives. In accordance with the EU directive on landfilling, a tax on putting organic waste into landfills will be introduced the 1st of January 2000, together with a ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • World Bank launches €68m for carbon offsetting

    The carbon offsetting scheme will consider projects -after Kyoto expires- ranging from energy efficiency to renewables. The World Bank has launched funding of €68m (£57m) aimed at enabling carbon reduction projects to keep selling UN-backed carbon offsets after the first phase of the Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012. The statement about the carbon offsetting scheme was published ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Hofstetter high temperature flares in Brazil (CO2 certificates)

    Type      HOFGAS®- Efficiency 2500 (2x)  Commissioning      2003 Site      Bandeirantes(Saõ Paulo, BR)    Situation The landfill of Saõ Paulo, the largest city in South America, extends over 140 ha. For a period of 4 more years several thousands tons of waste will be deposited. The power ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Electric arc furnace flue dust: characterisation and toxicity with Photobacterium phosphoreum

    During steelmaking in electric arc furnaces (EAFs), 10 to 15 kg of dust, consisting of a mixture of zinc, lead and iron oxides and to a lesser degree chrome, nickel and manganese, is generated per ton of steel product. In many countries, the disposal of EAF dust in landfill sites is regarded as an environmental hazard, since toxic metals may be leached into drinking water supplies. This work ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project in Ecuador

    Type      HOFGAS®-Ready/C 2000 Performance      2,000 Nm³/h, 10,000 kW Location      Zambiza (EC)   Situation The landfill is located near Quito, the capital of Ecuador. Since 1979 five million tonnes of domestic refuse has been deposited. After successful degassing trials, it was established that the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Designing A Better Alternative for Post-Closure Care

    After a landfill has reached the end of its service phase, federal law requires owners to install a final soil cover and maintain it over the next 30 years. This is the traditional strategy that most landfill owners employ and represents a significant cost of business. When all the layers are tallied together, the capping and post-closure period can cost up to $400,000 for a small, 100-acre ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Carbon Offsets

    In the 21st century, achieving 100% carbon neutrality can be a daunting task. Simple activities such as watching television, sending an email message, cooking and making a phone call all produce carbon emissions. Carbon offsets offer an alternative to reducing emissions by enabling individuals and businesses to compensate for their carbon emissions by purchasing credits which offset their ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • U.S.-Colombian Venture Set to Tap Carbon Market

    A U.S. energy brokerage and a Colombian consultancy have teamed up in a groundbreaking alliance to sell greenhouse-gas reduction credits from at least 20 Latin American projects after the Kyoto Protocol takes effect, as expected, later this year. The Wall Street firm Natsource and the Bogotá-based Andean Center for Economics in the Environment (Caema) plan to tap a global market for ...


  • New ground ripe for foundry sands

    The US foundry industry uses around 100 million tons of sand each year to produce metal castings. Although the sand is recycled inside the casting process, about 10 percent of the sand is discarded and potentially could be utilized in commercial soil blending operations. Currently only around a million tons of that sand is recycled; the remaining 8-12 million tons are landfilled, according to the ...

  • Floccin for Metals Removal Beats Hydroxide Precipitation Hands Down

    The traditional approach for metals removal is Hydroxide Precipitation where the solubility for the metals changes to insoluble (precipitation) in the form of a metal Hydroxide as the pH increases. The common pH range for this is between 10-11 pH depending on the metal. Lime (calcium hydroxide or CAOH2), caustic (sodium hydroxide or NAOH) or magnesium hydroxide (MgOH2) are generally the chemicals ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

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