landscape fragmentation Articles

  • Landscape fragmentation in Europe

    Landscape fragmentation caused by transportation infrastructure and built-up areas has a number of ecological effects. It contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe, for example through the dissection and isolation of populations, and affects the water regime and the recreational quality of landscapes. In spite ...

  • Dispersal behaviour in fragmented landscapes: Deriving a practical formula for patch accessibility

    Dispersal has been shown to be a key determinant of spatially structured populations. One crucial aspect is predicting patch accessibility: the probability rij of a certain patch j being reached by individuals starting at another patch i. Patch accessibility rij depends on both the landscape structure and the individuals’ dispersal behaviour. To investigate the effects of these factors on rij, we ...


    By Springer

  • Population genetic structure and dispersal across a fragmented landscape in cerulean warblers (Dendroica cerulea)

    Cerulean warblers (Dendroica cerulea) have experienced significant declines across their breeding range and presently exist in disjunct populations, largely because of extensive loss and fragmentation of their breeding and wintering habitat. Despite this overall decline, a recent north-eastern expansion of the breeding range has been proposed, and some researchers have suggested that the eastern ...


    By Springer

  • 10 messages for 2010 – cultural landscapes and biodiversity heritage

    Key messages Diverse climatic conditions, varied geology and morphology and centuries of pre- and post-industrial land use created Europe's diverse mosaic of cultural and natural landscapes, rich in biodiversity. Europe's landscapes have become highly fragmented and homogenised, threatening their biodiversity and affecting their multifunctional role. By managing ...

  • Implications of interacting microscale habitat heterogeneity and disturbance events on Folsomia candida (Collembola) population dynamics: A modeling approach

    We implemented a fractal algorithm in a spatially explicit individual‐based model, in order to generate landscapes with different microscale patterns of habitat fragmentation and disturbance events, and studied their effects on population dynamics of the collembolan Folsomia candida. Among human activities that may cause habitat destruction, we focused on agricultural practices. Soil organisms ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The geostatistical reassessment of soil contamination with lead in metropolitan Warsaw and its vicinity

    Soils of urban agglomerations are often exposed to pollution with lead, which high concentrations are frequently observed. The main sources of lead contamination are airborne particulate depositions and exhaust fumes. The study area encompassed Warsaw city, outskirts and fragments of Kampinoski National and Mazowiecki Landscape Parks. The scope of the study was to analyse the spatial distribution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transport and environment: on the way to a new common transport policy

    The TERM 2006 report examines the environmental performance of the transport sector and finds that it is still unsatisfactory. There is a need to intensify efforts to improve it, not least concerning the sector's contribution to climate change. The Commission's mid-term review of the 2001 Transport White Paper proposes changes that can bring both improvements and negative effects depending on how ...

  • The Pfalzerwald?Vosges du Nord transboundary biosphere reserve

    Transboundary Biosphere Reserves (TBRs) have the great potential to facilitate a more integrated and coherent approach to the management and sustainable development of a landscape across borders, in ecological, socio-economic, cultural and political terms. The transboundary perspective offers dialogue and action that can transcend politics and help resolve long-standing and highly complex ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Conservation Threat of Increasing Fire Frequencies in the Western Ghats, India

    Abstract: The acceleration of processes such as forest fragmentation and forest fires in landscapes under intense human pressures makes it imperative to quantify and understand the effects of these processes on the conservation of biodiversity in these landscapes. We combined information from remote-sensing imagery and ground maps of all fires in the Mudumalai Wildlife ...


  • Assessing biodiversity in Europe — the 2010 report

    Executive summary This report confirms the finding of the EEA's 2009 report 'Progress towards the European 2010 biodiversity target' (EEA, 2009a) that Europe will not achieve its target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010. The present report considers the status and trends of pan-European biodiversity, and the implications of these trends for biodiversity management policy and ...

  • Urban habitats as a refuge for biodiversity: A case study in Greece

    Cities located in biodiversity hotspots can provide valuable refuges for a wide range of plants, a recent study suggests. Of the 379 plant species and sub-species recorded in the city of Ioannina, Greece, 27 were of conservation interest. Town planners can ensure that cities play an important role in supporting regional biodiversity when designing future urban developments, the researchers say. ...

  • What Are The Benefits of Commercial Pipe Bursting?

    Repairs become more difficult when commercial aspects are involved. Aside from being disruptive for businesses and time consuming, they can also pose some safety and health hazards for the employees and customers. Trenchless technology has introduced a no-dig solution that can turn a potential sewage or drain problem into one that’s relatively seamless and quick. ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Economic growth must be decoupled from environmental harm – the EEA evaluates findings from 2011

    Europe’s impact on the environment is still very much linked to the economy. This message was clear in many of the reports and datasets published by the European Environment Agency (EEA) in 2011, as analysts were able to clearly see a decrease in various emissions and types of environmental damage during the 2009 recession. European Union Member States often take a year or more to fully ...

  • Progress Towards Halting the Loss of Biodiversity by 2010

    The continuing loss of biological diversity and its components, genes, species and ecosystems, is an issue of global concern. Research has shown that both the diversity and the identity of the various species have a fundamental influence on the magnitude and stability of the ecological processes that occur at the ecosystem level. There are significant interrelationships between the degradation of ...

  • Towards an early warning and information system for invasive alien species (IAS) threatening biodiversity in Europe

    Acknowledgements We would like to thank EEA staff, in particular Ivone Pereira Martins (Head of Biodiversity Group), Ahmet Uludag (Project Manager, Invasive Alien Species) and Carlos Romao (Project Manager, Biodiversity and Ecosystems), for the support in realising the present report. Special thanks also go to Tor-Bjorn Larsson who contributed to the launch of this initiative and ...

  • If a major economy takes the lead, warming could be limited to 2°C

    Though most countries around the globe agree that warming must be limited to 2 degrees Celsius to avoid the raft of climate risks, they clash about who should do what to reach this target. Hence the issue of allocating greenhouse-gas emissions reductions will be key for the outcome of the world climate summit COP21 in Paris. Scientists now found what amount of emissions reductions it takes for a ...

  • Footwear to Energy

    In developing countries within South East Asia, ever-depleting landfill space, fast-growing populations and an increasing need for more concrete to build, are just some of the factors that make for a compelling alternative fuel production argument. But to what extent is a lack of waste infrastructure holding such countries back? Is legislation the missing ingredient? Or do global brands need to ...


    By UNTHA Shredding Technology

  • If one country takes the lead, will the rest follow?

    Though most countries agree that warming must be limited to 2 degrees Celsius to avoid the raft of climate risks, they clash about who should do what to reach this target. This could lead to gridlock in Paris in December and potential failure at the world climate summit COP21.  Researchers have determined what amount of emissions reductions it takes for a major economy to ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Environmental Sensors in Waste Management

    Issue: As part of an increasing sentiment among European consumers that environmental protection is important, concern about the impact of landfill is growing. Sensor technology makes it possible to measure and control inputs to landfill sites and pollutants arising from them. However, the exploitation - or uptake - of such technology has been lower than expected in the waste management sector. ...


  • Road Transport Brexit Debate: What Did the Brexperts Think?

    The Road Transport Brexit Debate began with an objective presentation from Barclays Corporate’s head of logistics and transport, Rob Riddleston. He quipped that no opinions would be shared during his presentation on the request of his PR team. And he nearly managed it. Riddleston reported that GDP forecasts for the UK ...


    By Microlise Limited

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