lead water Articles

  • How Not to Lose Cadmium While Measuring?

    Today cadmium finds a better usage than a hundred years ago. For example, metal cadmium plating is used for anticorrosion coatings that are more stable than zinc, nickel and tin-plated. Cadmium plating of steel parts gives greater resistance to corrosion, especially in sea water. About 20% of cadmium goes to the manufacture of cadmium electrodes used in ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Xylem helps Italian spa go with the flow

    A case study on the termal Hotel Mamma Margherita, Abano Terme (Padova) For many people, a relaxing break in a secluded Italian spa is the ideal way to recharge. However, what many may not be aware of is the importance of a solid and reliable pumping system to keep activity above the surface running seamlessly. Hotel Mamma Margherita, situated in Padua, north-east Italy, ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • UV Minimises Risks for Major Food Retailers

    For many years, one of the UK’s largest food manufacturers has made it their business to be the best at producing all manner of bespoke cooked and raw, ready-to-eat vegetables and carbohydrates for their customers, who include chilled food manufacturers, food-to-go operators and, of course, major supermarkets. Being the best means not only complying with food quality standards set by ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Oil Recycling - Case Study

    The problem: Waste oil recycling contributes very much to climate protection through (CO2) energy saving. Compared to the production of base oil the re-refining of waste oil uses 34 % less resources. In the sixties the German government was subsidising the re-refining of waste oil. Because of that the use of waste oil as a fuel was neglected. The used oil re-refining is the ...


    By Dirk European Holdings LTD

  • Lead in the environment and in drinking water

    Everywhere you look metal lead is in the headlines. The majority of the recent press attention however, has not focused in lead in contaminated water, air, or soil but rather on high concentrations of lead found in toys and children?s jewelry that have been produced in developing countries where lax standards apply. Regardless of the particular source of lead contamination, the fact is lead can ...

  • Portable lead analyzer to locate source of lead

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sources of lead in the environment in children with elevated blood, with the help of a Field Portable X-Ray ...

  • Using watershed function as the leading indicator for water quality

    Diffuse nonpoint source (NPS) pollutants, such as sediment, nitrogen, phosphorus, and pathogens, have become the primary cause of water quality impairments in the United States of America. Resource management agencies in the USA are expanding the use of tools for the assessment of ecosystem function in water quality programs to control NPS pollution to meet US Clean Water Act objectives. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UK experience in the monitoring and control of lead in drinking water

    At the zonal scale (e.g. a city or town), random daytime (RDT) sampling succeeded in demonstrating both the need for corrective action and the benefits of optimised orthophosphate dosing for plumbosolvency control, despite initial concerns about sampling reproducibility. Stagnation sampling techniques were found to be less successful. Optimised treatment measures to minimise lead in drinking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Getting the lead out — at the faucet

    You might be surprised at where you’ll find a customer’s lead. Lead is making headlines. First, we should note that the current attention is not due to water, air or soil contamination, but from lead contamination recently found in toys and children’s jewelry made in China. This is very frightening for any parent because of the harm lead can to cause in children. How could this happen? How ...

  • Retirement community leads the way with Queenslands water sustainability

    RSL Care’s Sunset Ridge Retirement Community in Zilzie near Rockhampton is leading the way in securing a sustainable environment for its residents by installing one of the first Aquacell greywater treatment plants in Queensland. The Retirement Community contracted water recycling company Aquacell to design, install and maintain a greywater treatment plant which was completed in early ...

  • Lead in Drinking Water for small supply systems

    The problem of lead in drinking water is most-publicized for the larger water supply systems of Cities and Towns, particularly the older districts, where lead piping was often used to connect houses to a municipal water supply system and for internal plumbing, unto the early 1980s (generally). The problem is more closely associated with the longer established industrialized and urbanized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cavitation leads to perfect mixes

    Development of accurate classification of cavitation types, as well as any classification, has to be based on a choice of general summary classification signs. For example, it can be different by constructive signs of work parts, by character of a course of process, by cavities types and other general classification signs. In present time distinguish the following types of cavitation: static, ...


    By GlobeCore Blending

  • Cavitation leads to perfect mixes

    Development of accurate classification of cavitation types, as well as any classification, has to be based on a choice of general summary classification signs. For example, it can be different by constructive signs of work parts, by character of a course of process, by cavities types and other general classification signs. In present time distinguish the following types of cavitation: static, ...


    By GlobeCore Blending

  • Removal of Lead from Gasoline

    On 12th March 1997, the European Commission adopted a proposal from the Environment Commissioner Ritt Bjerregaard on a European Union strategy to combat acidification. The strategy will, by 2010, reduce significantly the extent of the areas in the European Union where the tolerance of sensitive ecosystems to acidity is exceeded. Main elements of the strategy include establishment of national ...


    By The World Bank

  • The possible toxic effects of lead

    Lead is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Pb (Latin: plumbum) and atomic number 82. A soft, heavy, toxic and malleable lead is bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes to dull gray when exposed to air, very dense metal which is very soft, highly malleable, ductile, and a relatively poor conductor of electricity. It is odourless. It is highly resistant to corrosion ...


    By Valahia University

  • “To lead or follow?” That is the question for Ramsar

    As I leave behind the vast and wild beauty of Uruguay’s coasts, I have some mixed feelings about the progress made at the 12th Ramsar Convention on Wetlands Conference of Parties (COP), held in Punta del Este. “What was it for?”, the uninitiated may ask. Actually I’m asking myself the same question, even though I have 25 years of experience engaging with this Convention ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Assessing risk with increasingly stringent public health goals: the case of water lead and blood lead in children

    Previous predictions of children's blood lead levels (BLLs) through biokinetic models conclude that lead in tap water is not a primary health risk for a typical child under scenarios representative of chronic exposure, when applying a 10 μg/dL BLL of concern. Use of the US Environmental Protection Agency Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model and of the International ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lead contamination in soil and groundwater in and around a lead processing industry: a case study

    Environmental pollution is of major concern across the world, which is affected by a variety of contaminants. Lead is one of the major heavy metals used in industrial activity. Unscientific handling and disposal of lead bearing residues or lead waste has led to contamination of the surrounding soil and water environment. A detailed investigation of soil and groundwater was carried out in and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Continuous fibres lead to successfuI filter

    An improved design of wound string filter has doubled contaminant holding capacity and avoided the shedding of small fibres bad into the fluid. Tom Shelley investigates Wound string filters are setting new benchmarks for efficiently catching large amounts of dirt, without risk of introducing stray fibres or other contaminants into the fluid stream being filtered. Initially ...

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