leak location study Articles

  • Robust sensor placement for leak location: analysis and design

    In this paper, a nominal sensor placement methodology for leak location in water distribution networks is presented. To reduce the size and the complexity of the optimization problem a clustering technique is combined with the nominal sensor placement methodology. Some of the pressure sensor placement methods for leak detection and location in water distribution networks are based on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Dallas Water Utilities - Leak Detection

    Service: Sahara Leak Detection Client: Dallas Water Utilities (DWU) Department of Public Works Type of Pipeline: Raw Water Transmission Main Diameter: 108-inch Pipe Material: PCCP Length: 7.3 miles The City of Dallas Water Utilities (DALW) currently draws its raw water from six sources: the Elm Fork of the Trinity River and Lakes Ray Roberts, Lewisville, Grapevine, Ray ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Case Study - Sinkhole: Leaking Retention Pond

    Scan for liner leaks in retention pond Objective:  Map the extent of a sink hole and locate zones where water is leaking from a pond Date:  January 20, 2015 Site: Retention pond and sink hole near Lenoir City, Tennessee, USA Instrument:  SuperStingR8 with 112 total electrodes arranged in a 4x28 3D grid with 16x8ft spacing ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Case study - Birmingham water works board identifies 26 leaks using advanced inline leak detection

    Service: SmartBall Leak Detection Client: Birmingham Water Works Board Project Date: January 2012 - ongoing Location: Birmingham, Ala Type of Pipeline: Water Transmission Main Diameter: 42-inch (1050mm) Pipe Material: Reinforced Concrete Pipe In early 2012, the Birmingham Water Works Board (BWWB) ran a successful leak detection program on 7.7 miles (12 km) of 42-inch ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Birmingham Water Works Board Leak Detection Program case study

    Service: SoundPrint AFO Client: Baltimore City Project Date: 2012 Location: Baltimore, MD Type of Pipeline: Water Transmission Main Diameter: 54-inch (1350mm) Pipe Material: PCCP ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Case Study - Amistad Dam: Scan for Leaks in Earthen Dam

    At the Amistad Dam site an investigation was made with a 56 electrode STING/Swift system to determine the location of leaks which have effectively drained the giant dam of water. As it was not immediately obvious which array type would return the best data three different arrays were recorded on the same electrode layout. The resulting three 2D profiles show both similarities and differences. The ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Investigation and risk assessment of a diesel leak: confidential

    Project: Emergency Investigation of a Fuel Leak Client: Confidential infrastructure management company Services: Rapid site characterisation and risk assessment Summary: Detailed risk assessment was used to quantify the environment risks pose by a fuel leak and avoid unnecessary remediation ESI was commissioned to ...

  • Case study - Germany/Albstadt: How telemetry cuts the cost of leak detection significantly

    Introduction Albstadt is a town located in southwest Germany, about 80km south of Stuttgart. Albstadtwerke are the utility network distribution provider in this region supplying potable water, natural gas and electricity.  In addition to managing and maintaining the local distribution assets in Albstadt, Albstadtwerke operate and maintain two more potable water distribution ...


    By Gutermann AG

  • Tackling Non-Revenue Water by Identifying Small Leaks

    Small leaks sink big ships – the same can be said for large-diameter pipes in utility networks. While large leaks or ruptures are seen as newsworthy stories accompanied by images of water flowing down the streets; smaller leaks can often be more devastating. Left undetected, they can add up over time, contributing significantly to ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Refrigerant leak detection is heavily regulated by government agencies

    Refrigerant leak monitoring in refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) systems and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) equipment is very challenging, even for the most skilled HVAC-R technician. The leak could be well concealed from view in tubing, a system component, or in an operating or safety control component. With the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) laws documented ...


    By Verisae

  • Pollution mapping case study

    This exploration survey used the cross-hole resistivity method to detect if there was industrial waste water leakage from an industrial waste water process pond. Chemical analyses concluded that this specific waste water has a much lower resistivity than normal water. The figure below shows that the area above 45m is a relatively high resistive zone made of limestone. Below this depth is a middle ...

  • SMF4 case study 3

    Bathing Water Catchment monitoring Date:2010 Location: Bude Cornwall UK Purpose: To carry out a river survey identifying potential pollution sources and their likely impact on bathing waters downstream. Background STS and the Environment Agency have, for some time, been discussing the issue of monitoring water courses which ...


    By Safe Training Systems Ltd

  • Case study - Petrobras - Natal, Brazil

    Service: SmartBall - Oil Leak Detection Client: Petrobras Project Date: October 2010 Type of Pipeline: Multi-phase product Diameter: 12-inch Pipe Material: Steel Length: 20,900 meters Flow Rate: 0.3 – 0.6 m/s (1 ft/s) Pressure: 90-150 psi Temperature: 35◦ C Results: 3 simulated leaks created and ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Case study - KEYS Energy Services

    Location: Key West FL System Applied: JBT 303 Substrate / Area: Concrete Roof Date Completed: August 2003 Project Description Key Utilities was experiencing leaks through pre stressed concrete roof. Water was leaking in various rooms below. Polyurea was chosen because of its proven history. Another factor was the UV ...

  • Refrigerant gas management (case study)

    Executive Summary Refrigerant leaks are one the highest maintenance expenses for organizations using or maintaining gas. In addition to compliance, management of refrigerant is important from a cost perspective. A typical 100-store supermarket chain operates with 400,000 lbs. of refrigerant within their refrigeration and air conditioning systems. Assuming an average cost of $6 per ...


    By Verisae

  • Case study – BTEX contamination - Kentucky

    In 1992, remedial activities began at the Shively Service Center located in Radcliff, Kentucky. After the leaking underground storage tanks were removed from the site approximately 1,500 cubic yards of BTEX impacted soil was excavated and disposed off-site from the tank pits. Based on the review of historical sampling activities it was believed that the majority of the impacted soils were removed ...

  • Case Study: Laurel Bed Dam

    Background Froehling & Robertson Inc were engaged by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries to remediate seepage paths at the Laurel Bed dam. The dam had been leaking in excess of 500 gpm with water leaking in multiple locations. This water supply feeds a popular trout stream. If the dam failed, homes in the valley below the dam could be flooded. Q: ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • Case study - North Texas Municipal Water District

    Service: Leak Detection Client: North Texas Municipal Water District Type of Pipeline: Transmission Main Diameter: 42-inch Pipe Material: PCCP Length: 0.186 miles The North Texas Municipal Water District (NTMWD) provides water, wastewater, and solid waste disposal services on a regional basis to its 13 Member and 61 Customer Cities. NTMWD operates over 375 miles of water ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Apartment Water Test - Case Study

    We had successfully mitigated this exact situation at another property (Family Tree Apartments] which also had extensive pin hole leaks and water heater failures. Based upon this prior exceptional success, it was clear that the H20 Solutions USA, LLC team was again needed to engineer a solution. H20 Solutions USA, LLC is analysis revealed that the water supply in Greenfield, CAis very hard at 18 ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Power Case Study - PECO Energy

    Smart Elbow® prevents magnesium oxide leakage at coal-fired generating plant As featured on Today's Environment on the Discovery Channel, and in the September '95 issue of Powder & Bulk Engineering. Subject PECO Energy Company's Eddystone Generating Plant, Philadelphia, PA area Situation In order to ...


    By HammerTek Corporation

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