leak locator Articles

  • Micro Pulse LiDAR: A Critical Tool for Emissions Source Detection

    Micro Pulse LiDAR remote sensing data are used to calculate a highly accurate Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) height to improve plume models that help assess emissions sources. ...

  • Performance-Based Specification Of Electrical Leak Location Surveys For Geomembrane Liners

    ABSTRACT Electrical leak location surveys can be a crucial part of the final quality control of geomembrane liner installations. The method has been offered as a commercial service since 1985 and is the only practical test method that can find holes in the liner after protective soil cover is put on the liner. During the past fourteen years the test method has been used on a wide variety of ...

  • Comparison of dye testing and electrical leak location testing of a solid waste liner system

    Abstract: Dye tracing and electrical leak location testing were independently conducted to detect and locate leaks in the primary geomembrane liner of two cells in a municipal landfill. Despite extensive quality control and quality assurance programs, water in the leak detection zone after construction indicated that the primary liner had a leak. Fluorescein dye tests were conducted by placing a ...

  • Specifying allowable leakage rates

    Introduction Allowable Leakage Rates or Action Leakage Rates (ALRs) are specified for installed geomembranes to quantify the maximum allowable liquid leakage. If the ALR is exceeded, corrective action must be taken to reduce the leakage rate below the set limit. To lower the leakage, the holes in the geomembrane are located and repaired. In some cases, the ALR is set so low that, ...

  • Locating Leaks in Geomembrane Liners of Landfills Covered With a Protective Soil

    ABSTRACT The electrical leak location method was used to locate leaks in the geomembrane liners of single-lined and double-lined landfills covered with a protective soil cover. The landfills ranged in size from 0.40 hectare (one-acre) to 3.2 hectares (eight-acre). Water in the leak detection system under the primary liner indicated the primary liners were leaking. The principal of ...

  • Detection and Location of Leaks in Geomembrane Liners Using an Electrical Method: Case Histories

    ABSTRACT A field-proven electrical technique, developed at Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, is commercially available to detect and locate leaks in geomembrane liners. The electrical technique is used to inspect 100% of the geomembrane material that is covered by a conducting liquid. A voltage applied across the liner produces a uniform electrical potential distribution in ...

  • Locating Geomembrane Liner Leaks under Waste in a Landfill

    Abstract An Electrical Leak Imaging and Monitoring (ELIM SM) survey was used to locate leaks under 2.5 meters of stabilized waste in an active geomembrane-Iined landfill. The landfill is lined with two 2-mm thick HDPE geomembranes that are separated by a geonet drainage layer. The primary liner is covered with 600 mm of drainage sand and 2.5 meters of stabilized waste for a total cover ...

  • Experience with GCLs used as a conductive layer in geomembrane leak-location surveys

    Engineers, installers, regulators, and owners are starting to rely on geomembrane leak-location surveys as part of the construction quality assurance for landfills. The various methods are described in ASTM Standard D 6747.' Standard procedures for conducting leak-location surveys of geomembranes covered with earth materials are described in ASTM Standard D 7007.2 Figure 1 shows the ...

  • Enhanced Geomembrane CQA through proper application of geomembrane leak location surveys

    Abstract Historically, geomembrane construction quality assurance (CQA) has focused on destructive testing of welded seams to verify seam strength and integrity. Paradoxically, seams are not subject to significant stress and practically never fail in service, while holes and construction damage in the geomembrane are a much more widespread problem. The historical approach fails to evaluate ...

  • Cutting holes for testing vs. testing for holes

    When it comes to geomembrane quality assurance, are destructive testing practices as effective as basic leak detection technologies? The function of a geomembrane liner is to prevent liquid flow to the environment. CQA measures should be judged on how effective they are in meeting this requirement. This article critically examines the industry’s current means of providing confidence ...

  • Costs and Benefits of Geomembrane Liner Installation CQA

    ABSTRACT Because the cost of third-party construction quality assurance (CQA) of geomembrane liner installations is typically comparable to the cost of the geomembrane liner, CQA must be optimized to obtain the most benefit for the owner, rate payers, and environment. A regulation-based CQA protocol usually includes testing the material, observing the quality control (QC) program of the ...

  • Locating Leaks for Cooling Water Systems

    This article illustrates how to locate leaks on cooling water systems in loud, industrial environments like Nuclear or Coal power generating plants without digging or putting anything inside the pipeline.  Infrared-Energy Pattern Analysis (IR-EPA) works on all pipeline sizes and all pipeline materials because it identifies the water outside the pipeline instead of listening for leak noises ...


    By EnTech Engineering Company

  • Typical Sensor Location Considerations

    The sensor mounting location within a space may be dependent on many variables. There are no specific formulas since each application will have it’s own determining factors and priorities. These include, but are not limited to: source of gas: Is the source a combustion exhaust from a vehicle or furnace or a vapour from a tank spill, pipe leak, or faulty valve? density of ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Robust sensor placement for leak location: analysis and design

    In this paper, a nominal sensor placement methodology for leak location in water distribution networks is presented. To reduce the size and the complexity of the optimization problem a clustering technique is combined with the nominal sensor placement methodology. Some of the pressure sensor placement methods for leak detection and location in water distribution networks are based on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated sensing technologies for detection and location of leaks in water distribution networks

    Water distribution networks (WDNs) are infrastructure systems that have high socioeconomic values, for which efficient operation and management are required to ensure minimal amounts of waste which can be represented in the form of leaks. Leak detection is considered as one of the challenges faced by municipalities operating WDNs because it either involves shutting down the system or requires ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mancomunidad de la Comarca de Pamplona (MCP) Identifies 4 Leaks Using Inline Leak Detection

    Around the world, leaking water pipelines represent a major resource and financial loss for utilities. It is estimated that in some places, Non-Revenue Water exceeds 50 percent. In terms of financial losses, the World Bank estimates that NRW costs utilities worldwide about US$14 billion annually. By reducing these losses by half in areas with the highest NRW, it is estimated that US$2.9 billion ...

  • Small Leaks Matter

    In the final part of the leak detection series, we explain why locating small leaks is and important part of a water loss management strategy. To see the first post in the series that outlines the problem of water loss in North America,  ...

  • Small leaks matter

    In the final part of the leak detection series, we explain why locating small leaks is and important part of a water loss management strategy. To see the first post in the series that outlines the problem of water loss in North America,  ...

  • Fugitive Gas Emissions In The Petroleum & Natural Gas Industry

    Challenge: Fugitive emissions in the petroleum and natural gas industry can come from a variety of sources and are classified as intentional (venting from tanks, compressor vents and stacks) or unintentional (equipment wear and tear, improper assembly, damage or manufacturing defects).  Most of these fugitive gas leaks are considered insignificant or  too small to ...


    By Leak Imaging, LLC

  • Case study - Peter Lougheed Provincial Park - Alberta, Canada

    Service: SmartBall - Leak Detection Client: Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation Project Date: July 2011 Location: Kananaskis, Alberta, Canada Type of Pipeline: Water Main Diameter: 6-inch Pipe Material: Polyethylene Length: 2,300 feet (700 meters) Pressure: 50 psi Results: 2 leaks Several other technologies failed to identify the location of the leaks that ...

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