leak testing survey Articles

  • Seek the Leak

    Federal regulations (with stiff penalties) govern how to deal with refrigerant emissions. Of course, installing a good facility refrigerant management plan can keep your organization ...


    By IHS

  • Enhanced Geomembrane CQA through proper application of geomembrane leak location surveys

    Abstract Historically, geomembrane construction quality assurance (CQA) has focused on destructive testing of welded seams to verify seam strength and integrity. Paradoxically, seams are not subject to significant stress and practically never fail in service, while holes and construction damage in the geomembrane are a much more widespread problem. The historical approach fails to evaluate ...

  • Experience with GCLs used as a conductive layer in geomembrane leak-location surveys

    Engineers, installers, regulators, and owners are starting to rely on geomembrane leak-location surveys as part of the construction quality assurance for landfills. The various methods are described in ASTM Standard D 6747.' Standard procedures for conducting leak-location surveys of geomembranes covered with earth materials are described in ASTM Standard D 7007.2 Figure 1 shows the ...

  • Performance-Based Specification Of Electrical Leak Location Surveys For Geomembrane Liners

    ABSTRACT Electrical leak location surveys can be a crucial part of the final quality control of geomembrane liner installations. The method has been offered as a commercial service since 1985 and is the only practical test method that can find holes in the liner after protective soil cover is put on the liner. During the past fourteen years the test method has been used on a wide variety of ...

  • Comparison of dye testing and electrical leak location testing of a solid waste liner system

    Abstract: Dye tracing and electrical leak location testing were independently conducted to detect and locate leaks in the primary geomembrane liner of two cells in a municipal landfill. Despite extensive quality control and quality assurance programs, water in the leak detection zone after construction indicated that the primary liner had a leak. Fluorescein dye tests were conducted by placing a ...

  • Locating Geomembrane Liner Leaks under Waste in a Landfill

    Abstract An Electrical Leak Imaging and Monitoring (ELIM SM) survey was used to locate leaks under 2.5 meters of stabilized waste in an active geomembrane-Iined landfill. The landfill is lined with two 2-mm thick HDPE geomembranes that are separated by a geonet drainage layer. The primary liner is covered with 600 mm of drainage sand and 2.5 meters of stabilized waste for a total cover ...

  • Mancomunidad de la Comarca de Pamplona (MCP) Identifies 4 Leaks Using Inline Leak Detection

    Around the world, leaking water pipelines represent a major resource and financial loss for utilities. It is estimated that in some places, Non-Revenue Water exceeds 50 percent. In terms of financial losses, the World Bank estimates that NRW costs utilities worldwide about US$14 billion annually. By reducing these losses by half in areas with the highest NRW, it is estimated that US$2.9 billion ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Locating Leaks in Geomembrane Liners of Landfills Covered With a Protective Soil

    ABSTRACT The electrical leak location method was used to locate leaks in the geomembrane liners of single-lined and double-lined landfills covered with a protective soil cover. The landfills ranged in size from 0.40 hectare (one-acre) to 3.2 hectares (eight-acre). Water in the leak detection system under the primary liner indicated the primary liners were leaking. The principal of ...

  • Detection and Location of Leaks in Geomembrane Liners Using an Electrical Method: Case Histories

    ABSTRACT A field-proven electrical technique, developed at Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, is commercially available to detect and locate leaks in geomembrane liners. The electrical technique is used to inspect 100% of the geomembrane material that is covered by a conducting liquid. A voltage applied across the liner produces a uniform electrical potential distribution in ...

  • Identifying Leaks from Natural Gas Pipelines at a Safe Distance

    The use of natural gas, of which methane is the principle component, is increasing worldwide. According to the American Petroleum Institute methane meets 24% of U.S. energy demand and heats over 50% of all U.S. households. It also has many industrial uses, such as the manufacture of chemicals like ammonia, methanol, butane, ethane, propane and acetic acid; it is also an ingredient in products as ...

  • Case Study - Amistad Dam: Scan for Leaks in Earthen Dam

    At the Amistad Dam site an investigation was made with a 56 electrode STING/Swift system to determine the location of leaks which have effectively drained the giant dam of water. As it was not immediately obvious which array type would return the best data three different arrays were recorded on the same electrode layout. The resulting three 2D profiles show both similarities and differences. The ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Emergency response and clean-up of a diesel leak: manufacturing facility

    Project: Emergency response and clean-up of a diesel leak Client: Confidential manufacturing company Services: Emergency response planning, environmental assessment, regulator liaison, remediation design Summary: Through rapid site characterisation and expert decision making ESI minimised the environmental damage ...

  • Costs and Benefits of Geomembrane Liner Installation CQA

    ABSTRACT Because the cost of third-party construction quality assurance (CQA) of geomembrane liner installations is typically comparable to the cost of the geomembrane liner, CQA must be optimized to obtain the most benefit for the owner, rate payers, and environment. A regulation-based CQA protocol usually includes testing the material, observing the quality control (QC) program of the ...

  • Specifying allowable leakage rates

    Introduction Allowable Leakage Rates or Action Leakage Rates (ALRs) are specified for installed geomembranes to quantify the maximum allowable liquid leakage. If the ALR is exceeded, corrective action must be taken to reduce the leakage rate below the set limit. To lower the leakage, the holes in the geomembrane are located and repaired. In some cases, the ALR is set so low that, ...

  • Pollution mapping case study

    This exploration survey used the cross-hole resistivity method to detect if there was industrial waste water leakage from an industrial waste water process pond. Chemical analyses concluded that this specific waste water has a much lower resistivity than normal water. The figure below shows that the area above 45m is a relatively high resistive zone made of limestone. Below this depth is a middle ...

  • Active leakage control in low pressures - It can be done!

    Leakage and PressureWater when leaving the pipe creates an ‘energy’ and it is this energy that is transferred through the water and the pipe wall by the means of acoustic sound. This acoustic sound depending on the material of the pipe work either dissipates over a long distance or is absorbed very quickly into the pipe wall. The effect being that for metallic or hard walled pipes the sound ...


  • Raising effective awareness for domestic water saving: evidence from an environmental educational programme in Greece

    This paper looks into awareness of water saving amongst students and their parents, and how it interacts with their intentions to use water saving technology or to adopt water saving practices. To investigate this interaction, surveys were run through educational programmes aimed at eliciting both the intentions of students and the indirect effects of their parents; surveys were taken before and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fawley Power Station– Case Study

    Project Highlights Asbestos air monitoring associated with asbestos removal and remediation was undertaken on the Fawley Power Station site on a daily basis for a duration of four years on behalf of CAPE Plc. Demolition asbestos survey have also been undertaken of all buildings due to demolished as a consequence of the ...

  • Minimizing Refrigerant Emissions in HVAC Systems

    Managing the operation and maintenance of a facility's air conditioning equipment has always been a major responsibility, as chillers often represent the single largest electrical load in a facility. Since the annual cost of operating chillers is a major ...


    By IHS

  • Achieving

    Introduction The leak repair requirements, under Title VI Section 608 of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, require that when an owner or operator of an appliance that normally contains a refrigerant charge of more than 50 pounds discovers that refrigerant is leaking at a rate that would exceed the applicable trigger rate during a 12-month period, the owner or operator must take corrective ...


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