legionella control system Articles

  • Legionella

    Nomenclature Legionnaires' disease a pneumonia caused by any serogroup or sub-group of Legionella pneumophila Legionella pneumonia a pneumonia caused by any species of Legionella Pontiac Fever an acute, self-limiting, “flu-like” illness caused by certain species of Legionella Legionellosis any human ...

  • Controlling scale in water systems helps prevent legionella

    The Legionella bacterium, Legionella Pneumophila (LP), the fundamental agent of Legionnaire’s Disease, is a water-based organism, which causes infection when inhaled in an aerosol form. Legionnaires' Disease acquired its name in 1976 when an outbreak of pneumonia occurred among persons attending a convention of the American Legion in Philadelphia. Later, the bacterium causing the illness ...

  • Raising awareness to prevent legionella

    Understanding the dangers of contracting legionella Understanding certain facts about legionella is essential when selecting and furthermore maintaining emergency safety showers and eyebath/facewash units. Hughes equipment is designed to minimise the risk of legionella. “Employers are legally responsible for the health and safety of their employees and have a duty of care to the wider ...


    By Hughes Safety Showers

  • Managing Legionella in Facilities

    The Energy Institute (EI)’s Occupational Health and Hygiene Committee (OHHC) is soon to publish an updated, second edition of its technical guidance on Legionella risk management and control, and new technical guidance on the control of Legionella in cooling towers. Legionellosis, also known as ‘Legionnaires’ disease’ is a severe strain of pneumonia which was so ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Preventative control of legionella through real-time bioburden testing

    Abstract: Of the 485,000 annual cases of pneumonia-like sickness in the USA, approximately 15% are attributed to Legionnaire’s Disease. This typically results in  health care costs of over $600 million (1, 2, 3). For the most part, these incidents can be prevented through effective monitoring and treatment. Since Legionella thrive within microbial biofilms and ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • Legionnaires’ disease (Legionella pneumophila)-sometimes deadly, sometimes not!

    More than 90% of Legionella cases are caused by Legionella pneumophila, a bacterium that thrives in warm to hot water.  Pipes, tanks, faucets, showerheads, and hot water heaters are ideal breeding grounds for L. pneumophila.  Since infection with Legionella occurs through inhaling the bacterium, any activity in which contaminated water can be misted and subsequently inhaled can lead to ...


    By Atlantic Environmental, Inc.

  • Evaluating Efficacy of Technology For Chemical Free Bacteria & Legionella Control in Circulating Water Systems

    Abstract This paper describes an alternative, patented, non-chemical cooling water treatment system that has proven to be effective in controlling/eradicating bacteria and Legionella. The VRTX system is a side-stream treatment system and includes a mechanical VRTX unit and a ...


  • Cooling tower legionella pneumophila study CDC

    Abstract Since the late 1970s, there have been many small and large outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease. Most of these outbreaks have been traced to either cooling tower water systems or potable water systems. Although the bacteria most often associated with Legionnair’s disease, Legionella pneumophila, is present in many waater systems, outbreaks are usually a result of ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • Neuthox removes legionella bacteria and biofilm - Case Study

    Hotel Terme della Sardegna (Sardinia, Italy) saves 12.000 € yearly by having a clean water system Danish Clean Water is the manufacturer of an ECA generator, which produces the disinfectant liquid, NEUTHOX. NEUTHOX is produced through an electrolysis process, where only electrical power, common salt and water is used, and is a clear 100 % biodegradable liquid which ...

  • Controlling Legionella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa re-growth in therapeutic spas: implementation of physical disinfection treatments, including UV/ultrafiltration, in a respiratory hydrotherapy system

    The study aimed to assess the efficacy of an integrated water safety plan (WSP) in controlling Legionella re-growth in a respiratory hydrotherapy system located in a spa centre, supplied with sulphurous water, which was initially colonized by Legionella pneumophila. Heterotrophic plate counts, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Legionella spp. were detected in water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surveillance of Legionella species in hospital water systems: the significance of detection method for environmental surveillance data

    Monitoring of hospital water systems to prevent and control nosocomial legionellosis is important from a public health perspective. This study was conducted to survey the prevalence of Legionella contamination of hospital waters. A total of 44 water samples from the hot-water system of 11 hospitals were tested for Legionella by a culture method and a nested polymerase chain ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical disinfection of Legionella in hot water systems biofilm: a pilot-scale 1 study

    Legionella bacteria encounter optimum growing conditions in hot water systems and cooling towers. A pilot-scale 1 unit was built in order to study the biofilm disinfection. It consisted of two identical loops, one used as a control and the other as a ‘Test Loop’. A combination of a bio-detergent and a biocide (hydrogen peroxide + peracetic acid) was applied in the Test Loop three times under the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monochloramine and chlorine dioxide for controlling Legionella pneumophila contamination: biocide levels and disinfection by-product formation in hospital water networks

    Legionella colonization in hospital hot water distribution networks was evaluated following 36 months of continuous treatment with monochloramine and compared with chlorine dioxide. Nitrite, nitrate, chlorite, chlorate, bromide, trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids as well as the biocide concentration at sampled points were measured. Only 8/84 samples treated with monochloramine were found ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EMSL now has 3 laboratories with passing CDC legionella proficiency testing results

    EMSL Analytical Inc., a leading provider of advanced environmental laboratory services nationwide, received passing Legionella results in its New York City, Westmont, NJ and Houston, TX laboratories as part of the US Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) ELITE pilot proficiency test program for Legionella. “As part of a program to provide Legionella testing for regional markets nationwide, we are ...


  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • Biological Control in Cooling Towers Treated with Pulsed-Power Systems

    Biological control is the foundation of cooling tower water treatment. Biofilm can directly cause corrosion problems (microbial induced corrosion, MIC), pathogen concerns (Legionella), increased pump pressure, heat-transfer problems, dermatological effects, and malodors. With the increasing restrictions being imposed at the federal and state level regarding chemical use in cooling towers (CAA, ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Controlling Scale Deposition and Industrial Fouling

    It costs US industry billions of dollars a year to control and remove the limescale that builds up in industrial equipment such a heat exchangers, evaporative coolers, boilers, chillers and other water fed equipment. Oil wells, for example, face significant scaling problems from the highly mineralized water that are extracted with the oil. Limescale not only increases downtime, maintenance ...

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • The Control of pH and Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) in Cooling Tower Applications

    The importance of keeping cooling tower water in proper chemical balance is becoming clearer. Cooling tower treatment control systems can limit scale formation to improve efficiency, limit corrosion to increase the service life of the cooling water system, and maintain a residual halogen level to reduce liability associated with biological growth, particularly Legionellae.   The use of ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

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