life cycle assessment Articles

  • Life cycle assessment

    The white paper describes the concept of Life Cycle Assessment and what LCA can do for you. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is the systematic analysis of the environmental impact of products during their entire life cycle. The life cycle of a product comprises of production, use and disposal phases. Environmental impacts are evaluated throughout, also including the upstream and ...


    By thinkstep

  • Life cycle assessment - An executive overview

    An Executive Overview of Applications, Market Drivers and Business Benefits Rising demands from customers and regulators for improved environmental performance and increased transparency are driving a surge in interest Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a tool for improvement and innovation while avoiding burden shifting and unintended consequences. Read this executive overview ...


    By thinkstep

  • Estimating the Value of Life Cycle Assessments

    Untitled Document Abstract What is a life cycle assessment worth? How much should one spend on an LCA, and what are the expected returns from ...


    By 2.-0 LCA consultants

  • The role of life-cycle analysis in risk assessment

    The relationship between life-cycle analysis and risk assessment is explored on a methodological level, and examples of state-of-the-art studies are presented and discussed, leading to an identification of some areas needing further work.Keywords: energy systems, externalities, full costing, life cycle analysis, LCA, risk ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment applications in the building sector

    A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool has been developed to evaluate environmental impacts of building projects, from construction until demolition. The operation phase is essential, particularly energy processes: therefore LCA is linked to thermal simulation. Several alternatives can be studied. The results, in the form of environmental indicators (e.g., energy and water consumption, contribution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment, Databases and Sustainable Building

    Untitled Document We are experiencing a fundamental change that affects how products are developed and, more importantly, how they are ...

  • The use of life cycle assessment for evaluating the sustainability of the Amsterdam water cycle

    Waternet, the water cycle company of Amsterdam and surrounding areas, uses the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to evaluate the environmental impact of investment decisions and to determine the potential reduction of direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of different alternatives. This approach enables Waternet to fulfil its corporate objective to improve sustainability and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Life cycle assessment of integrated circuit packaging technologies.

    Background, aim and scope  Nanostructured polymer particles are produced to be used in ball grid array (BGA) and chip scale packaging (CSP). The technology could replace conventional BGA and CSP metal balls, and the hypothesis is that the shift could be eco-efficient as polymer core particles increase the reliability. For the first time, these particles are environmentally ...


    By Vestlandsforsking

  • Global guidance principles for life cycle assessment databases

    A basis for greener processes and products - ‘Shonan Guidance Principles’ The document provides guidance principles for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) databases; this includes how to collect raw data, how to develop datasets and how to manage databases. The publication also addresses questions concerning data documentation and review, coordination among databases, ...


    By thinkstep

  • Comparison of different building shells ‐ life cycle assessment

    The REACT (Renewable Energy & Efficiency Action) project is an EU‐funded cross‐border cooperative venture featuring the participation of companies and researchers from Burgenland (Austria) and western Slovakia that is developing zero energy concepts for newly built single‐family homes. A variety of building structures are defined for family houses, and the different impacts they have on the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Environmental assessment of the cement and concrete life cycle in Greece

    The basic targets of the modern cement and concrete production industry are the reduction of energy costs and minimisation of environmental effects. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a useful tool for the evaluation of the environmental performance of a production system. The objective of this work is to provide a very clear analysis and quantification of all the parameters of the process that make ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Physical Impacts of Land Use in Product Life Cycle Assessment

    Untitled Document Introduction This is the final report from the sub-project “Quantitative environmental assessment of land use in relation to the ...


    By 2.-0 LCA consultants

  • Life cycle assessment of the mechanical biological pretreatment of residual wastes

    In Germany the handling of wastes is regulated by the 'Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz (i.e. Closed Cycle Economy and Waste Act) which gives priority to waste avoidance. Waste that cannot be avoided has to be recycled or reused as long as it is environmentally favourable. The residual wastes have to be pre-treated before landfill to reduce the negative effects of the landfill as production of landfill ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Design for the environment: life cycle assessment and sustainable packaging issues

    As extended producer responsibility gains ascendancy in sustainable development, proper management of the life cycle of a product is becoming more and more important. This paper presents a general overview of product life cycle assessment (LCA) and sustainable product packaging over the last four to five years. The review of life cycle assessment includes on overview of LCAs conducted over the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-product Allocation in Life Cycle Assessment: A Case Study

    As the interest toward industrial sustainable practice grows; companies are increasingly turning to life cycle assessments (LCA) as a metric to measure sustainability impacts by analyzing the environmental and energy burden of their products and services. LCA is a method of measuring these impacts through the raw material procurement, production, usage and disposal stages of a products life ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Environmental assessment of different dewatering and drying methods on the basis of life cycle assessment

    Sewage sludge is an inevitable product of wastewater treatment in municipal wastewater plants and its amount has increased dramatically due to the growing number of sewage systems users. This sludge needs to be adequately treated in order to decrease its hazardous properties and any negative influence on the environment. In this paper, gate to gate analysis, on the basis of life cycle assessment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A framework for energy use indicators and their reporting in life cycle assessment

    Energy use is a common impact category in life cycle assessment (LCA). Many different energy use indicators are used in LCA studies, accounting for energy use in different ways. Often, however, the choice of the energy use indicator applied is poorly described and motivated. To contribute to a more purposeful selection of energy use indicators and to ensure consistent and transparent reporting ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Life cycle assessment comparison of photocatalytic coating and air purifier

    This paper presents a comparison of two very different options for removal of undesirable microorganisms and airborne pollutants from the indoor environment of hospitals, schools, homes and other enclosed spaces using air purifiers and photocatalytic coatings based on nano titanium dioxide (TiO2). Both products were assessed by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology from cradle to grave. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Life cycle assessment of film and digital imaging product system scenarios

    With the advent of digital imaging technology, the options available in consumer imaging have increased. However, the relative environmental impacts of these different options are not clear cut. Assessment of the impacts of these options can help to provide feedback to decision makers and give insight that will help reduce environmental impact through product system design. In this paper, we ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle assessment of environmental and economic benefits of bio?ethanol in Taiwan

    To evaluate the benefits of Taiwan's bio?ethanol crop cultivation promotion on the environment, energy efficiency and economy, we undertake a recording of cultivation resources inputs data in 2007 and 2008 of four energy crops based on the LCA method. We find the net energy balance signifies energy conversion efficiency. As to the GHG, using sugarcane ethanol to replace gasoline could decrease ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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