life cycle assessment study Articles

  • Estimating the Value of Life Cycle Assessments

    Untitled Document Abstract What is a life cycle assessment worth? How much should one spend on an LCA, and what are the expected returns from ...


    By 2.-0 LCA consultants

  • The role of life-cycle analysis in risk assessment

    The relationship between life-cycle analysis and risk assessment is explored on a methodological level, and examples of state-of-the-art studies are presented and discussed, leading to an identification of some areas needing further work.Keywords: energy systems, externalities, full costing, life cycle analysis, LCA, risk ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment applications in the building sector

    A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool has been developed to evaluate environmental impacts of building projects, from construction until demolition. The operation phase is essential, particularly energy processes: therefore LCA is linked to thermal simulation. Several alternatives can be studied. The results, in the form of environmental indicators (e.g., energy and water consumption, contribution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment moves Green IT into the future

    A successful Life Cycle Assessment pilot study moves Wincor Nixdorf’s Green IT program forward. The study builds the foundation for the pioneering concept of the green ATM, with lower energy consumption and reduced emissions, and contributes to the company’s eco-design guideline optimization. Wincor Nixdorf can now declare a valid environmental impact of their ...


    By thinkstep

  • Co-product Allocation in Life Cycle Assessment: A Case Study

    As the interest toward industrial sustainable practice grows; companies are increasingly turning to life cycle assessments (LCA) as a metric to measure sustainability impacts by analyzing the environmental and energy burden of their products and services. LCA is a method of measuring these impacts through the raw material procurement, production, usage and disposal stages of a products life ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Life cycle assessment of drinking water installations: existing studies and analysis of discrepancies

    This paper gives an overview of existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies of drinking water installations in Europe. The characteristics and results of the two most widely known and used studies, the VENOB study and the CREM study, are described in detail. Readers get a thorough understanding of the key issues and parameters of life cycle studies in this field. As the study results diverge ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for the Corrugated Packaging Alliance (CPA)

    PE Americas conducted a life-cycle assessment (LCA) for the Corrugated Packaging Alliance (CPA) to evaluate the environmental impact of corrugated packaging products. With such an LCA study, the CPA and its constituent associations can assist others in understanding and communicating the environmental footprint and environmental benefits associated with using corrugated. At the same time, this ...


    By thinkstep

  • Study of a methodology for life cycle assessment using a related process model

    In recent years, human activities have begun to seriously influence local and global environments. Under the circumstances, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is expected to be a powerful tool in evaluating impacts on environments. However, LCA is not yet established methodologically or formulated systematically. The main problems are: 1. Estimation of the repercussions of the activity of a main product ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The use of life cycle assessment for evaluating the sustainability of the Amsterdam water cycle

    Waternet, the water cycle company of Amsterdam and surrounding areas, uses the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to evaluate the environmental impact of investment decisions and to determine the potential reduction of direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of different alternatives. This approach enables Waternet to fulfil its corporate objective to improve sustainability and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Life Cycle Analysis of Water Networks

    Abstract Water authorities around the world are faced with the problem of ageing distribution networks and often only limited historical data on which to base a sound long term, cost efficient replacement policy. The LICAN approach to whole of life costing is introduced and a hypothetical case study is used to demonstrate the importance of such an approach. A selection of pipe networks ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Life cycle based water assessment of a hand dishwashing product: Opportunities and limitations

    It is only recent that life‐cycle based indicators have been used to evaluate products from a water use impact perspective. The applicability of some of these methods has been primarily demonstrated on agricultural materials or products, since irrigation requirements in food production can be water intensive. In view of an increasing interest on life‐cycle based water indicators from different ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Beyond the throwaway society: A life cycle based assessment of the environmental benefit of reuse

    In the context of circular economy, sustainable consumption is often seen as the antithesis of current consumption patterns, which have led to the definition of the so‐called “throwaway society”. Reuse may provide a preferred alternative to other waste management options, because it promotes resource efficiency and may significantly reduce environmental impacts. In order to appraise the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Application of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainable Process Index in Process Design

    In this work a general approach for the flow and generation of potential environmental impacts through a chemical process is introduced. Sustainable process indexes (SPI) and Life cycle assessment (LCA) are powerful and general analytical tools. They help to identify more sustainable solutions in the process industries and assess their potential environmental impacts (PEI). In this work a process ...


  • Life cycle assessment in market, research, and policy: Harmonization beyond standardization

    This article introduces the special series “LCA in Market Research and Policy: Harmonization beyond standardization,” which was generated from the 19th SETAC Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Case Study Symposium held November 2013, in Rome, Italy. This collection of invited articles reflects the purpose of symposium and focuses on how LCA can support the decision‐making process at all levels (i.e., ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Time and scale in Life Cycle Assessment: the case of fuel choice in the transport sector

    Life Cycle Assessments (LCA, including Well-to-Wheel studies) that are to support decisions that strive to change large technical systems need to consider time and scale related factors, which are given little attention in standard LCA procedures. Here, we address three issues and provide examples from the case of alternative fuels. First, shifting time frame gives room for technical development ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle assessment comparison of photocatalytic coating and air purifier

    This paper presents a comparison of two very different options for removal of undesirable microorganisms and airborne pollutants from the indoor environment of hospitals, schools, homes and other enclosed spaces using air purifiers and photocatalytic coatings based on nano titanium dioxide (TiO2). Both products were assessed by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology from cradle to grave. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A framework for energy use indicators and their reporting in life cycle assessment

    Energy use is a common impact category in life cycle assessment (LCA). Many different energy use indicators are used in LCA studies, accounting for energy use in different ways. Often, however, the choice of the energy use indicator applied is poorly described and motivated. To contribute to a more purposeful selection of energy use indicators and to ensure consistent and transparent reporting ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Use of an energy-saving concept to assess life-cycle impact in engineering

    Energy and environmental issues are worldwide concerns in the 21st century. The authors propose that the best way to solve the energy-use problem is to account for all of a product's energy consumption information at the beginning of product design. Therefore, with the objective to promote energy-saving throughout the entire life cycle of general products or systems, the authors develop a new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Learning from Diapers – Life Cycle Assessment as an Investment Risk Mitigation Tool

    Remember the garbage barge? Back in 1987, the Mobro 4000, a barge carrying more than 3,000 tons of garbage from Islip, Long Island, famously departed from New York harbor bound for a landfill site in North Carolina because Islip’s own landfill site was nearly full. The aim was to use the garbage as part of a landfill gas project to generate clean energy. But the barge wasn’t ...


    By thinkstep

  • Life cycle–based environmental assessment of municipal wastewater treatment plant in India

    The environmental footprint of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) can be assessed using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. Life cycle impacts are computed according to the CML 2 baseline 2000 methodology. An LCA study was carried out for WWTP treating municipal wastewater. Results show that the construction phase contributes to nearly 1% for the impacts when compared to overall life cycle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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