life cycle assessment study Articles

  • Estimating the Value of Life Cycle Assessments

    Untitled Document Abstract What is a life cycle assessment worth? How much should one spend on an LCA, and what are the expected returns from ...


    By 2.-0 LCA consultants

  • The role of life-cycle analysis in risk assessment

    The relationship between life-cycle analysis and risk assessment is explored on a methodological level, and examples of state-of-the-art studies are presented and discussed, leading to an identification of some areas needing further work.Keywords: energy systems, externalities, full costing, life cycle analysis, LCA, risk ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment applications in the building sector

    A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool has been developed to evaluate environmental impacts of building projects, from construction until demolition. The operation phase is essential, particularly energy processes: therefore LCA is linked to thermal simulation. Several alternatives can be studied. The results, in the form of environmental indicators (e.g., energy and water consumption, contribution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment moves Green IT into the future

    A successful Life Cycle Assessment pilot study moves Wincor Nixdorf’s Green IT program forward. The study builds the foundation for the pioneering concept of the green ATM, with lower energy consumption and reduced emissions, and contributes to the company’s eco-design guideline optimization. Wincor Nixdorf can now declare a valid environmental impact of their ...


    By thinkstep

  • Co-product Allocation in Life Cycle Assessment: A Case Study

    As the interest toward industrial sustainable practice grows; companies are increasingly turning to life cycle assessments (LCA) as a metric to measure sustainability impacts by analyzing the environmental and energy burden of their products and services. LCA is a method of measuring these impacts through the raw material procurement, production, usage and disposal stages of a products life ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Life cycle assessment of drinking water installations: existing studies and analysis of discrepancies

    This paper gives an overview of existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies of drinking water installations in Europe. The characteristics and results of the two most widely known and used studies, the VENOB study and the CREM study, are described in detail. Readers get a thorough understanding of the key issues and parameters of life cycle studies in this field. As the study results diverge ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for the Corrugated Packaging Alliance (CPA)

    PE Americas conducted a life-cycle assessment (LCA) for the Corrugated Packaging Alliance (CPA) to evaluate the environmental impact of corrugated packaging products. With such an LCA study, the CPA and its constituent associations can assist others in understanding and communicating the environmental footprint and environmental benefits associated with using corrugated. At the same time, this ...


    By thinkstep

  • The use of life cycle assessment for evaluating the sustainability of the Amsterdam water cycle

    Waternet, the water cycle company of Amsterdam and surrounding areas, uses the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to evaluate the environmental impact of investment decisions and to determine the potential reduction of direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of different alternatives. This approach enables Waternet to fulfil its corporate objective to improve sustainability and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study of a methodology for life cycle assessment using a related process model

    In recent years, human activities have begun to seriously influence local and global environments. Under the circumstances, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is expected to be a powerful tool in evaluating impacts on environments. However, LCA is not yet established methodologically or formulated systematically. The main problems are: 1. Estimation of the repercussions of the activity of a main product ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Analysis of Water Networks

    Abstract Water authorities around the world are faced with the problem of ageing distribution networks and often only limited historical data on which to base a sound long term, cost efficient replacement policy. The LICAN approach to whole of life costing is introduced and a hypothetical case study is used to demonstrate the importance of such an approach. A selection of pipe networks ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Life cycle based water assessment of a hand dishwashing product: Opportunities and limitations

    It is only recent that life‐cycle based indicators have been used to evaluate products from a water use impact perspective. The applicability of some of these methods has been primarily demonstrated on agricultural materials or products, since irrigation requirements in food production can be water intensive. In view of an increasing interest on life‐cycle based water indicators from different ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Beyond the throwaway society: A life cycle based assessment of the environmental benefit of reuse

    In the context of circular economy, sustainable consumption is often seen as the antithesis of current consumption patterns, which have led to the definition of the so‐called “throwaway society”. Reuse may provide a preferred alternative to other waste management options, because it promotes resource efficiency and may significantly reduce environmental impacts. In order to appraise the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Application of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainable Process Index in Process Design

    In this work a general approach for the flow and generation of potential environmental impacts through a chemical process is introduced. Sustainable process indexes (SPI) and Life cycle assessment (LCA) are powerful and general analytical tools. They help to identify more sustainable solutions in the process industries and assess their potential environmental impacts (PEI). In this work a process ...


  • Life cycle assessment in market, research, and policy: Harmonization beyond standardization

    This article introduces the special series “LCA in Market Research and Policy: Harmonization beyond standardization,” which was generated from the 19th SETAC Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Case Study Symposium held November 2013, in Rome, Italy. This collection of invited articles reflects the purpose of symposium and focuses on how LCA can support the decision‐making process at all levels (i.e., ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Time and scale in Life Cycle Assessment: the case of fuel choice in the transport sector

    Life Cycle Assessments (LCA, including Well-to-Wheel studies) that are to support decisions that strive to change large technical systems need to consider time and scale related factors, which are given little attention in standard LCA procedures. Here, we address three issues and provide examples from the case of alternative fuels. First, shifting time frame gives room for technical development ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle–based environmental assessment of municipal wastewater treatment plant in India

    The environmental footprint of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) can be assessed using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. Life cycle impacts are computed according to the CML 2 baseline 2000 methodology. An LCA study was carried out for WWTP treating municipal wastewater. Results show that the construction phase contributes to nearly 1% for the impacts when compared to overall life cycle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impacts of ocean-energy systems: a life-cycle assessment

    Ocean-energy technologies — which harvest renewable energy from the sea — will have a significant role to play in a future low-carbon society. A recent life-cycle analysis of different ocean-energy devices has found that life-cycle environmental impacts are caused mainly by the materials used in the mooring, foundations and structures. Improving the efficiency and lifespan of the ...

  • Comparative life cycle assessment of 2.0 MW wind turbines

    Wind turbines produce energy with virtually no emissions, however, there are environmental impacts associated with their manufacture, installation, and end of life. The work presented examines life cycle environmental impacts of two 2.0 MW wind turbines. Manufacturing, transport, installation, maintenance, and end of life have been considered for both models and are compared using the ReCiPe 2008 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exploring reach as potential data source for characterizing ecotoxicity in life cycle assessment

    Toxicity models in life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) currently only characterize a small fraction of marketed substances. This is mainly due to limitations in the underlying ecotoxicity data. One approach to improve the current data situation in LCIA is to explore new data sources, such as the European database of the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Environmental impact of recycling metals from ships: a life cycle assessment

    New research has examined three different categories of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA), each with different goals. The researchers find that overlaps between the three assessments could be combined to create a more comprehensive form of ERA, usable by regulators and environmental decision makers. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can measure the environmental impact of the different stages of a ...

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