life cycle cost Articles

  • Geotex® Geotextiles: A Life Cycle Costing Approach to Roads

    Subgrade contamination is the leading cause of failure in both pavements and unpaved roads. Aggregate layers used to support the traffic or pavement typically rests on a subgrade of sand, silt or clay. Without permanent separation, two factors will undoubtedly lead to the contamination of the aggregate layers—fine-grained soils will enter into the voids of the aggregate, preventing it from ...

  • Life cycle costing for strategic evaluation of remanufacturing systems

    Considering the economic potential of closed-loop supply chains and the increasing recognition of an Integrated Product Policy, the development and implementation of measures concerning product-related environmental protection is necessary. In this context, remanufacturing is the most valuable product recovery option since here the value that was originally added to the product can be preserved. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Costing: a tool to manage the urban water cycle

    The Water Framework Directive puts much emphasis on the role of economics for improving the management of water resources. In the context of the urban water cycle, previous studies have proven that Life Cycle Costing (LCC) is a useful methodology for assessing the costs of the whole cycle. However, there are many elements and factors that can influence the results of the LCC assessment and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE FROM THE ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES IN EXISTING BUILDINGS: LIFE CYCLE COST EFFECT

    Abstract The budget used for the retrofitting of low energy efficiency equipment in buildings is normally paid after financially considering the internal rate of return and a simple payback period. The environmental view has not been considered typically. One of the overlooked aspects within the energy conservation measures is the managerial cost of hazardous waste from the removed low energy ...


  • A suggested framework for product life cycle cost analysis at product design stage

    This paper provides a framework for life cycle cost analysis of products at the design stage based on reliability and maintainability parameters. When dealing with reliability field data, proper selection of models for time-to-failure data is essential as it affects the expected number of failures. The conventional time-to-failure analysis techniques rely on the major assumption of independent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle costing of a self-sufficient solar-hydrogen system

    In a renewable energy-based system, energy storage must match the energy demand with supply. Usually a lead-acid battery is utilised as a short-term energy buffer. A system, which has a combination of an electrolyser and a high-pressure hydrogen tank for long-term energy storage, is considered in this paper. The cost intensive components are sized considering the least cost and by performing a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Analysis of Water Networks

    Abstract Water authorities around the world are faced with the problem of ageing distribution networks and often only limited historical data on which to base a sound long term, cost efficient replacement policy. The LICAN approach to whole of life costing is introduced and a hypothetical case study is used to demonstrate the importance of such an approach. A selection of pipe networks ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Incorporating Sustainability into Asset Management through Critical Life Cycle Cost Analysis

    ABSTRACTAsset management is about managing assets more effectively – which is really about making better decisions about and for assets, both existing and future. The main key to achieving better decision-making is having the right kind of information available from which to make the decisions. The goals that better decision making are trying to reach are service levels that are met, risks, ...

  • Counting the whole life cycle cost of pure water production

    In this article we define various grades of pure water, review technologies available for its production, and describe two systems where various process combinations have been used to generate pure water for pharmaceutical and power generation applications. We ask Dr John Hutcheson, a specialist consultant in pure water systems, what costs are involved in pure water production and what ...


    By Clarity Authoring

  • Pasco County Uses Total Life Cycle Costing to Select Chloramination Analyzers

    Pasco County, Florida Water Utilities serves its customers with water from its 58 permitted wells blended with the water supplied by its large regional supplier, Tampa Bay Water. In 2002 Tampa Bay Water converted to monochloramine disinfection because of its advantages over free residual chlorine. Monochloramine is more stable and better extends the disinfectant residual throughout the ...

  • The role of life-cycle analysis in risk assessment

    The relationship between life-cycle analysis and risk assessment is explored on a methodological level, and examples of state-of-the-art studies are presented and discussed, leading to an identification of some areas needing further work.Keywords: energy systems, externalities, full costing, life cycle analysis, LCA, risk ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Should your company be conducting life cycle analyses?

    Many companies have already answered yes to that question – for a combination of reasons typically related to stakeholder interest, key customer demands, public perception, and competitive positioning.  In fact, life cycle analysis (LCA) has increasingly become an important tool in mature corporate sustainability programs, providing organizations with a consistent methodology for ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Target structural reliability in life cycle consideration

    The concept of minimising life cycle cost can be rationally applied to determine a target reliability of structures. However, there has been a recent legal requirement to reduce CO2 emissions, therefore, the minimisation of life cycle CO2 emission could be an alternative approach in structural design. This paper explains the general formulae for deciding the optimum reliability by minimising the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental assessment of the cement and concrete life cycle in Greece

    The basic targets of the modern cement and concrete production industry are the reduction of energy costs and minimisation of environmental effects. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a useful tool for the evaluation of the environmental performance of a production system. The objective of this work is to provide a very clear analysis and quantification of all the parameters of the process that make ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The market leading Life Cycle Assessment software

    You want to deliver more sustainable products to match your customers expectations and become more resource efficient in a world of price rises and legislative obligations? Check out our free LCA software demo and contact us! GaBi 5 even helps your business to cut costs and make your production and ...


    By thinkstep

  • Energetic and exergetic life cycle analysis to explain the hidden costs and effects of current sulphur utilisation

    Typically life cycle analyses of the fertiliser industry are based on averages of outdated technology. Sulphur is a major element, emerging as a primary nutrient on its own accord and as a feed for other fertiliser production, namely phosphoric acid. Recent developments sparked by governmental regulation have raised the validity of an assumption frequently overlooked. Through the desulphurisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sewer-Main Collection Pipe Joint Infiltration Testing and Life Cycle Cost Analysis

    ABSTRACTResearch ProjectsMajor members of the sewer-main pipe manufacturing industry and the University of Houston have completed and published the results of the following two research projects: The Sewer-Main Collection Pipe Joint Infiltration Testing research project that measured the water infiltration rate of water-tight designed 30-inch pipe joints. The joint tightness testing was ...

  • A simulation tool for life cycle costing of water supply infrastructure in seismically active zones

    In the face of increased development, civil infrastructure systems are increasingly vulnerable to catastrophic failures as a result of ageing, overuse and poor planning when disasters such as earthquakes strike. Water supply systems are among the most vulnerable infrastructure systems and arguably, the most essential for human existence. Investment decisions regarding the retrofitting or ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agency costs theory and the financing life cycle empirical evidence from Swedish firm–level data

    The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the financing life cycle pattern of micro–firms in Sweden from the agency costs theory perspective. The study shows that the financing structures of firms change over the firms' life cycles. Firms generally rely on internal financial sources such as equity capital and retained profits, particularly at the start–up stage. They also use short–term ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Opportunity cost principles for life cycle assessment: toward strategic decision making in agriculture

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) is increasingly used for products that require natural resources as important inputs. Relating environmental impacts to the whole production chain makes the method often interpreted as holistic and useful for environmental policy and strategic decision-making. The authors of this paper argue that there are limitations of using LCA for such purposes in food production. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you