life cycle impact assessment Articles

  • Including ecotoxic impacts on warm‐blooded predators in life cycle impact assessment

    In current life cycle impact assessment, the focus of ecotoxicity is on cold‐blooded species. We developed a method to calculate characterization factors (CFs) for the impact assessment of chemical emissions on warm‐blooded predators in freshwater food chains. The method was applied to 329 organic chemicals. The CF for these predators was defined as a multiplication of the fate factor (FF), ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Physical Impacts of Land Use in Product Life Cycle Assessment

    Untitled Document Introduction This is the final report from the sub-project “Quantitative environmental assessment of land use in relation to the ...


    By 2.-0 LCA consultants

  • Environmental impact of recycling metals from ships: a life cycle assessment

    New research has examined three different categories of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA), each with different goals. The researchers find that overlaps between the three assessments could be combined to create a more comprehensive form of ERA, usable by regulators and environmental decision makers. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can measure the environmental impact of the different stages of a ...

  • Environmental impacts of ocean-energy systems: a life-cycle assessment

    Ocean-energy technologies — which harvest renewable energy from the sea — will have a significant role to play in a future low-carbon society. A recent life-cycle analysis of different ocean-energy devices has found that life-cycle environmental impacts are caused mainly by the materials used in the mooring, foundations and structures. Improving the efficiency and lifespan of the ...

  • Life Cycle Emissions Distributions within the Economy: Implications for Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    Abstract Refinements of methods for life cycle impact assessment are directed at reducing errors and quantifying and reducing uncertainties in results. The uncertainty reduction benefits of such refinements depend upon the structure of the inventory model. The structure of inventory models in general are investigated using an economic input/output life cycle assessment model ...


    By Sylvatica

  • Use of an energy-saving concept to assess life-cycle impact in engineering

    Energy and environmental issues are worldwide concerns in the 21st century. The authors propose that the best way to solve the energy-use problem is to account for all of a product's energy consumption information at the beginning of product design. Therefore, with the objective to promote energy-saving throughout the entire life cycle of general products or systems, the authors develop a new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simplified environmental impact drivers for product life cycle

    The early design stage of product development often has limited information available to designers. The environmental impacts of a products life cycle are widely assessed using life cycle assessment (LCA). Nevertheless, as LCA is a costly and time-consuming method, the previous study shown the development of simplified LCA (SLCA) drivers of the entire product life cycle stages for the conceptual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment moves Green IT into the future

    A successful Life Cycle Assessment pilot study moves Wincor Nixdorf’s Green IT program forward. The study builds the foundation for the pioneering concept of the green ATM, with lower energy consumption and reduced emissions, and contributes to the company’s eco-design guideline optimization. Wincor Nixdorf can now declare a valid environmental impact of their ...


    By thinkstep

  • Comparison of different building shells ‐ life cycle assessment

    The REACT (Renewable Energy & Efficiency Action) project is an EU‐funded cross‐border cooperative venture featuring the participation of companies and researchers from Burgenland (Austria) and western Slovakia that is developing zero energy concepts for newly built single‐family homes. A variety of building structures are defined for family houses, and the different impacts they have on the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Environmental assessment of the cement and concrete life cycle in Greece

    The basic targets of the modern cement and concrete production industry are the reduction of energy costs and minimisation of environmental effects. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a useful tool for the evaluation of the environmental performance of a production system. The objective of this work is to provide a very clear analysis and quantification of all the parameters of the process that make ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment applications in the building sector

    A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool has been developed to evaluate environmental impacts of building projects, from construction until demolition. The operation phase is essential, particularly energy processes: therefore LCA is linked to thermal simulation. Several alternatives can be studied. The results, in the form of environmental indicators (e.g., energy and water consumption, contribution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The market leading Life Cycle Assessment software

    You want to deliver more sustainable products to match your customers expectations and become more resource efficient in a world of price rises and legislative obligations? Check out our free LCA software demo and contact us! GaBi 5 even helps your business to cut costs and make your production and ...


    By thinkstep

  • Life cycle assessment of integrated circuit packaging technologies.

    Background, aim and scope  Nanostructured polymer particles are produced to be used in ball grid array (BGA) and chip scale packaging (CSP). The technology could replace conventional BGA and CSP metal balls, and the hypothesis is that the shift could be eco-efficient as polymer core particles increase the reliability. For the first time, these particles are environmentally ...


    By Vestlandsforsking

  • The use of life cycle assessment for evaluating the sustainability of the Amsterdam water cycle

    Waternet, the water cycle company of Amsterdam and surrounding areas, uses the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to evaluate the environmental impact of investment decisions and to determine the potential reduction of direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of different alternatives. This approach enables Waternet to fulfil its corporate objective to improve sustainability and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental assessment of different dewatering and drying methods on the basis of life cycle assessment

    Sewage sludge is an inevitable product of wastewater treatment in municipal wastewater plants and its amount has increased dramatically due to the growing number of sewage systems users. This sludge needs to be adequately treated in order to decrease its hazardous properties and any negative influence on the environment. In this paper, gate to gate analysis, on the basis of life cycle assessment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Defining the Shale Gas Life Cycle: A framework for identifying and mitigating environmental impacts

    Life cycle assessments of shale gas activities differ in their findings. Among the various studies, researchers estimate different greenhouse gas emissions, rates of water use, and rates of wastewater production. Some of the variation in findings is due to the parameters of each study, particularly the life cycle boundary. The life cycle boundary determines which life cycle stages—and which ...

  • Reducing the environmental impacts of metal castings through life-cycle management

    A reduction in casting weight, through material property enhancement and improved design, positively impacts the whole life cycle. Reducing a casting's weight not only reduces the foundry's environmental impacts but also, the demands for raw materials and energy inputs and, if that lighter casting is used in a transport application, fuel consumption and carbon dioxide output associated with the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impact assessment of a package type IFAS reactor during construction and operational phases: a life cycle approach

    In the present study, a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was used to analyse the environmental impacts associated with the construction and operational phases of an integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) reactor treating municipal wastewater. This study was conducted within the boundaries of a research project that aimed to investigate the implementation related challenges of a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative life cycle assessment of 2.0 MW wind turbines

    Wind turbines produce energy with virtually no emissions, however, there are environmental impacts associated with their manufacture, installation, and end of life. The work presented examines life cycle environmental impacts of two 2.0 MW wind turbines. Manufacturing, transport, installation, maintenance, and end of life have been considered for both models and are compared using the ReCiPe 2008 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle assessment of film and digital imaging product system scenarios

    With the advent of digital imaging technology, the options available in consumer imaging have increased. However, the relative environmental impacts of these different options are not clear cut. Assessment of the impacts of these options can help to provide feedback to decision makers and give insight that will help reduce environmental impact through product system design. In this paper, we ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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