life cycle inventory Articles

  • Marginal Production Technologies for Life Cycle Inventories

    In the article 'Marginal Production Technologies for Life Cycle Inventories' by Bo Weidema et al. [1] it is argued in favor of the use of marginal production technologies as a general principle for prospective LCA studies. Examples from the European electricity production and pulp and paper industry are used as case studies to back up the statement that this is a more valid approach in such ...


  • Application of Life Cycle Inventory Analysis to Energy Production in Brazil

    Energy production sometimes may contribute a great deal to the environmental impact of certain products. An adequate interpretation of this activity in a life cycle assessment - LCA is usually crucial. The goal of this paper is to present the modeling of electric energy production in Brazil that has been used to conduct a LCA study of thirteen packaging systems representative of Brazilian market. ...


  • A Life Cycle Inventory Tool for Intergrated Waste Management: A Municipal Focus

    Two Canadian industry associations, whose mandates are to assist municipalities to develop sustainable waste management systems, commissioned the development of a model to evaluate the environmental effects of waste management processes. The objective of the project is to provide Canadian municipalities with a tool that will enable them to evaluate the environmental performance of the various ...


  • The Wastewater life cycle inventory tool by 2.-0 LCA consultants

    Very often the fate of chemicals after use is to be sent to municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), where they are subject to degradation. In many life cycle assessment (LCA) studies we need to account for the environmental impacts caused by the disposal of chemical substances down the drain, however existing LCA models for wastewater treatment typically reflect the average performance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated Waste Management and the Tool of Life Cycle Inventory : a Route to Sustainable Waste Management

    Sustainable solid waste management needs to be environmentally effective, to reduce overall environmental burdens, economically affordable for all sectors of the community served and socially acceptable Integrated Waste Management (IWM) takes an overall approach to this, involves the use of a range of different treatment options and deals with the entire waste stream. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) ...


  • Proposal of a framework for scale‐up life cycle inventory: A case of nanofibers for lithium iron phosphate cathode applications

    Environmental assessments are crucial for the management of the environmental impacts of a product in a rapidly developing world. The design phase creates opportunities acting on the environmental issues of products using life cycle assessment (LCA). However, it is hampered by a lack of information originating from distinct scales along the product or technology value chain. There are many ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Simplified environmental impact drivers for product life cycle

    The early design stage of product development often has limited information available to designers. The environmental impacts of a products life cycle are widely assessed using life cycle assessment (LCA). Nevertheless, as LCA is a costly and time-consuming method, the previous study shown the development of simplified LCA (SLCA) drivers of the entire product life cycle stages for the conceptual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Should your company be conducting life cycle analyses?

    Many companies have already answered yes to that question – for a combination of reasons typically related to stakeholder interest, key customer demands, public perception, and competitive positioning.  In fact, life cycle analysis (LCA) has increasingly become an important tool in mature corporate sustainability programs, providing organizations with a consistent methodology for ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Life Cycle Emissions Distributions within the Economy: Implications for Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    Abstract Refinements of methods for life cycle impact assessment are directed at reducing errors and quantifying and reducing uncertainties in results. The uncertainty reduction benefits of such refinements depend upon the structure of the inventory model. The structure of inventory models in general are investigated using an economic input/output life cycle assessment model ...


    By Sylvatica

  • LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE FROM THE ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES IN EXISTING BUILDINGS: LIFE CYCLE COST EFFECT

    Abstract The budget used for the retrofitting of low energy efficiency equipment in buildings is normally paid after financially considering the internal rate of return and a simple payback period. The environmental view has not been considered typically. One of the overlooked aspects within the energy conservation measures is the managerial cost of hazardous waste from the removed low energy ...


  • Use of Life Cycle Data in Industrial Design. Draft Report on the Development Needs

    The present draft report has been prepared within the auspices of the CODATA, the Working Group on Environmental Life Cycle Inventories. The objective of the working group is to facilitate the electronic exchange of high-quality, easily comparable data on environmental product life cycle inventories (LCI-data) for materials. This objective is pursued by several activities, one of which is the ...


  • Greenhouse gas protocol product life cycle accounting and reporting standard

    The GHG Protocol Product Life Cycle Accounting and Reporting Standard (referred to as the Product Standard) provides requirements and guidance for companies and other organizations to quantify and publicly report an inventory of GHG emissions and removals associated with a specific product. The primary goal of this standard is to provide a general framework for companies to make informed choices ...

  • Life cycle based water assessment of a hand dishwashing product: Opportunities and limitations

    It is only recent that life‐cycle based indicators have been used to evaluate products from a water use impact perspective. The applicability of some of these methods has been primarily demonstrated on agricultural materials or products, since irrigation requirements in food production can be water intensive. In view of an increasing interest on life‐cycle based water indicators from different ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Plastic Housewraps (Air Barriers) a Life Cycle Analysis of Their Environmental Benefits

    The use of air barriers in the construction of residential housing in North America has increased markedly during the last decade. The most commonly used air barriers have been particular plastic materials applied to the exterior of a home behind the finishing of brick or siding. The paper analyses, using life cycle techniques, the conservation of energy resulting from the use of these barriers ...


  • Life Cycle Assessment technique for sound management of organic municipal solid wastes

    Mauritius generates around 1200 tonnes of municipal solid wastes on a daily basis, out of which more than 60% is of organic nature. The objective of this paper was to evaluate two different strategies for the treatment of organic wastes on a life cycle perspective, namely: composting and Anaerobic Digestion (AD). The functional unit was one ton of organic municipal solid wastes. Windrow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Beyond the throwaway society: A life cycle based assessment of the environmental benefit of reuse

    In the context of circular economy, sustainable consumption is often seen as the antithesis of current consumption patterns, which have led to the definition of the so‐called “throwaway society”. Reuse may provide a preferred alternative to other waste management options, because it promotes resource efficiency and may significantly reduce environmental impacts. In order to appraise the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Life cycle–based environmental assessment of municipal wastewater treatment plant in India

    The environmental footprint of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) can be assessed using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. Life cycle impacts are computed according to the CML 2 baseline 2000 methodology. An LCA study was carried out for WWTP treating municipal wastewater. Results show that the construction phase contributes to nearly 1% for the impacts when compared to overall life cycle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Chinese energy chains for Shandong electricity scenarios

    The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) performed for the China Energy Technology Program (CETP) has established streamlined environmental inventories of coal, nuclear, natural gas, and wind energy systems for supply of electricity to Shandong province with a 20 years time horizon. This paper deals with selected results for air pollutants obtained for the current coal technology and the comparison of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Strengthening product stewardship throughout the supply chain: A full life-cycle approach

    Kami Blake of 3E Company looks at the issue in managing EH&S data in the chemicals industry As regulations increase in number, scope and complexity, environmental, health and safety (EH&S) compliance is fast becoming a major concern that spans virtually every industry. All companies are increasingly affected by and subject to more stringent EH&S regulations and are being faced with ...


    By 3E Company

  • Environmental impacts of ocean-energy systems: a life-cycle assessment

    Ocean-energy technologies — which harvest renewable energy from the sea — will have a significant role to play in a future low-carbon society. A recent life-cycle analysis of different ocean-energy devices has found that life-cycle environmental impacts are caused mainly by the materials used in the mooring, foundations and structures. Improving the efficiency and lifespan of the ...

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