lime softening Articles

  • Hot lime softener

    Project profile: Alberta Energy DATA: End User: Alberta Energy Location: Alberta Commissioned: May 1999 Units- Phase 1: (2) FDB-78P Oil Removal Filters, (2)FDB-113P Softener Filters Units- Phase 2: (1) FDB-113P Oil Removal Filter, (1) FDB-113P Softener Filter ...


    By Filtra Systems

  • Commercial Twin Alternating Water Softener, Nicaragua

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua designed and manufactured a commercial twin alternating water softener with 30” FRP tanks, 30” brine tank and Aquamatic valves for a major company in Nicaragua. Feed water to the softener was well water. Its purpose was to lower the hardness in the water to ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • MEG energy corporation – christina lake project produced water softening system

    The Facility The Christina Lake Regional Project is centrally located among the main commercial “it situ” oil sands developments of the Canadian Athabasca oil sands region. The reservoir has been estimated to contain over 6 billion barrels of bitumen in place and approximately 2.8 billion barrels of recoverable resources. The Problem The hot ...

  • CASE STUDY - How Kinetico saves the essence of commercial businesses

    It is no secret that hard water significantly reduces the efficiency and lifetime of a boiler and heating elements. The harder the water the stronger and more immediate the consequences: lime scale all over the heating elements in use of any technology; lack of efficiency, slow down in processes; increased expenses through energy bills and maintenance costs. At Kinetico we help businesses remove ...


    By Kinetico International

  • Oil refinery reduces energy consumption with a Culligan Solution

    Challenge A major petroleum refinery was looking to replace a hot lime softener. Naturally occurring minerals such as Calcium, Magnesium and Silica can cause scale in steam boilers and other types of equipment used in refinery operations. Scale deposits in steam boilers con reduce equipment efficiency and increase energy, chemical, disposal and maintenance costs. Hot lime softening is a ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Nanofiltration As a Post-Treatment at a Conventional Water Treatment Plant

    Introduction The Clifton Water District (Colorado) covers roughly 20 square miles stretching east of Grand Junction to Palisade, and extending south from I-70 to the Colorado River. The District has approximately 7,400 service connections serving a population of 30,000. Utilizing the Colorado River as its primary source, the District's Charles A. Strain Water Treatment Plant has a capacity of 12 ...


  • DGTH Produktions GmbH Germany – case study

    OVERVIEW DGTH is a leading supplier of zinc die-casting components for the automotive industry. WATER SYSTEM CHALLENGES Cooling tower water is used for the cooling of the tools. As makeup water for the cooling tower circuit, DGTH uses a blend of city water with approx. 14° carbonate hardness and rain water. Due to the jellification in the ...

  • A solution for scale removal case study

    The Brookfields Restaurant chain consists of three large eateries located in and around Sacramento, Calif. Like many others, Brookfields Restaurants were equipped with water softeners to control lime scale on their hot water equipment, which consists of hot water heaters, dishwashers, steamers, coffeemakers and espresso machines. Even with the softeners, Brookfields Restaurants managers reported ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Evaluating alternative aluminium sources for chloride removal from recycled cooling water

    Chloride is important in promoting corrosion in cooling water systems, which leads to reducing the efficiency of heat transfer surfaces and shortening equipment life. Ultra–high lime with aluminium process (UHLA) is a potential new technology that has the ability to remove chloride and sulfate from recycled cooling water in addition to removing the majority of scale–forming compounds. The purpose ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • ENEL power, italy – fusina project – ZLD plant for FGD wastewater treatment

    The Facility The Fusina Power Plant is equipped with four coal-fired units with a total capacity of 975 MW capacity (1 x 165 MW + 1 x 170 MW + 2 x 320 MW). The Environmental Refurbishment (Flue Gas Desulpharization, (FGD)) project includes a new DeSOx system for common for units #1 & 2; two DeNOx systems, one each for unit #1 & 2. Units #3 & 4 are already equipped with DeSOx ...

  • Fluoride sorption using morringa indica –based activated carbon

    Fluoride is an important micro nutrient for the production and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. Although a certain amount of fluoride gives good protection against dental decay, excess intake of fluoride ions cause dental fluorosis. When the concentration of fluoride is more than 4 mg/L it causes softening of bones, ossification of tendons and ligaments and neurological damage in severe ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Sioux Falls, Verder Pumps

    The Sioux Falls Water Purification Plant in South Dakota USA, had always relied on gravity to feed slaked lime slurry to their softening basins. In 2009, the staff decided to give gravity a helping hand by trialing a pump to move the slurry more effectively. Lime slurry is a dense product to transfer with a high solid content of up to 35%. Due to the slurry’s abrasive nature which causes ...

  • ENEL power, italy – la spezia project – ZLD plant for FGD wastewater treatment

    The Facility The La Spezia Power Plant is equipped with 1 x 600 MW coal-fired power unit and 2 x 350 MWe gas-fired combined cycle power units for a total of 1300 MWe. The unit normally fires imported coal with < 1% Sulphur. The flue gases are treated sequentially by FGD absorber. It is equipped with a 1 x 100% DeSOx lines with an absorber. The blow down from the absorber, along with ...

  • An Evaluation of Magnetic Ion Exchange (MIEX®) for NOM Removal

    A new process for the removal of natural organic matter (NOM) was developed in Australia by Orica Watercare and South Australian Water Corporation. It employs a strongly basic anion exchange resin to remove NOM from water. In the first stage of the process, the (180 μm) MIEX® resin is mixed with the water to be treated and its small size encourages rapid removal of NOM. The resin beads also ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Wastewater Treatment & Recycle

    Fresh water is a scarce commodity; this fact is well acknowledged by one and all. People at all levels be it general public, governmental bodies, and industries understand the implications of good quality water availability in terms of quantity, cost and wastage. As a consequence, there is a growing consensus on wastewater treatment for recycle/reuse. This paper briefly describes the treatment ...

  • ENEL power, italy – sulcis project – ZLD plant for FGD wastewater treatment

    The Facility The Sulcis Power Plant is equipped with 1 x 345 MW fluidized bed boiler and 1 x 240 MW conventional boiler. This coal-fired power plant is located in Sardinia Island and has a total of 585 Mwe capacity. The units normally fire imported coal with < 1% Sulphur. The flue gases are treated sequentially by SCR-DeNOx with ammonia as the reagent. This is followed by a high ...

  • Limitations of the removal of cyanide from coking wastewater by ozonation and by the hydrogen peroxide-ozone process

    The purpose of this study is to compare the efficiency of ozonation and the hydrogen peroxide–ozone process for the removal of cyanide from coking wastewater. The most efficient oxidation process is combined with coagulation–flocculation–decantation and lime–soda ash softening pretreatments. The oxidation in aqueous solution and industrial wastewater (at pH 9.5–12.3) by O3 was carried out ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enel power, italy – brindisi project – ZLD plant for FGD wastewater treatment

    The Facility The Brindisi Sud Power Plant is equipped with four coalfired units each of 660 Mwe capacities. These units normally fire imported coal with < 1% Sulphur. The flue gases are treated sequentially by SCR-DeNOx with ammonia as reagent, High efficiency ESP to remove fly ash and wet limestone gypsum forced oxidation DeSOx. Each unit is equipped with a 2 x 50% DeSOx lines each ...

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Husky tucker lake project -- an aquatech sagd installation

    The Facility Husky Energy is a Canadian-based energy and energyrelated company headquartered in Calgary, Alberta. Husky’s operations can be divided into three distinct business segments: Upstream, Midstream and Refined Products. The Oil Sands (Upstream Segment) of northern Alberta are one of Husky’s long-term growth areas. Husky has more than 425,000 acres in the Athabasca, ...

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