liquid flocculant Articles

  • Evaluation of the flocculation and de-flocculation performance and mechanism of polymer flocculants

    Understanding the interaction mechanism between polymeric flocculants and solid particles in two oppositely charged solutions: bentonite and calcium fluoride, is of great practical and fundamental importance. In this work, inorganic flocculants based on aluminum(III) or iron(III); cationic, anionic and non-ionic organic flocculants were used. The solution pH, which highly influenced the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coagulation, flocculation and agglomeration

    Agglomeration Agglomeration refers to the formation of more or less firmly bound primary particles by collision processes between primary particles, primary particles and agglomerates, as well as pre-existing agglomerates. The agglomeration consists of a destabilization and a transport process. The destabilization is divided into coagulation and flocculation. In general, both ...

  • Flocculation of a lactic acid fermentation broth by gelatin

    In the current study, flocculation of a lactic acid (LA) fermentation broth with three kinds of flocculants was performed in order to reduce membrane pollution during its subsequent electrodialysis. Gelatin was selected as the most suitable flocculant in comparison with others in terms of flocculation rate (FR), suspended solid (SS) removal rate, and filtration flux of the supernatant. Optimal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Whitepaper: Chemical-physical Water Treatment, Filtration and Flocculation

    Introduction In water treatment plants chemical-physical processes play an essential part in the process chain. They are successfully employed in the pre- and post-treatment of waters of different origins, as well as of other process liquids. In this regard the removal of particles by filtration is a central step. Classical filtration processes are used for particles ranging from ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Abatement efficiency and controlling strategy of a cylindrical and a conical fluidized bed flocculator

    The aggregation efficiency of colloidal kaolin particles by the turbulence caused by random movement of silica gel beads in a cylindrical (CFB) and an 8° conical fluidized bed (TFB) was studied in this paper, focusing on the control strategies of these novel processes. The abatement efficiencies as a function of the Camp number, velocity gradient (G) and flocculation time (T) were exploited. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Strong selection pressures impact the capacity of flocculating activated sludge bacteria to granulate

    The capacity of activated sludge (AS) microbial populations to form dense granules offers the potential to establish efficiently settleable biomass. This has the potential to circumvent problems around ineffective solids–liquid separation and sensitivity to variable chemical oxygen demand (COD) loads. Although a number of studies have evaluated aerobic laboratory granulation reactors as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flocculation-Flotation vs. MBR for High MLSS Secondary Clarification

    Abstract Rendering plants produce high strength wastewater with high TSS, FOG, BOD and TKN. At one such plant it was decided to install a primary DAF followed by an anaerobicanoxic-aerobic treatment system for TSS, FOG, TKN and BOD removal. Since wastewater is a high strength (TSS up to 10,000, FOG up to 3,000, TKN up to 350 and BOD up to 6,000 mg/l, respectively, bioreactors will produce ...

  • Pilot scale evaluation on ferric floc sludge concentration with pelleting flocculation blanket process

    Pelleting flocculation blanket (PFB) process has been successfully applied to high turbidity suspensions for high efficient solid/liquid separation. In this paper, by using the PFB process, a dynamic experimental study was carried out on concentrating ferric flocs sludge with a scale of 1.3–5.4 m3/h. The pilot experiment aimed to optimize the conditioning system and determine the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot scale evaluation on ferric floc sludge concentration with pelleting flocculation blanket process

    Pelleting flocculation blanket (PFB) process has been successfully applied to high turbidity suspensions for high efficient solid/liquid separation. In this paper, by using the PFB process, a dynamic experimental study was carried out on concentrating ferric flocs sludge with a scale of 1.3–5.4 m3/h. The pilot experiment aimed to optimize the conditioning system and determine the operational ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flocculation - Flotation pretreatment improves operation of MBR installed to treat snack food manufacturing wastewater

    Abstract Large food manufacturing company has facilities to produce their well known brand name dairy based products in rural Indiana. As is commonly case with dairy wastewater, significant amount of proteins, sugars, oil and some suspended solids are present. Company installed membrane bioreactor (MBR) System to treat such wastewater for possible reuse. The MBR performed poorly ...

  • Evaluation of biotreatability of ionic liquids in aerobic and anaerobic conditions

    The aim of our study was to set up an approach for reliable biotreatability assessment of ionic liquids (ILs). As a case study, two different ILs were selected: pyridinium-based 1-butyl-3-methylpyridinium dicyanamide ([bmpyr][dca]) and imidazolium-based 1-butyl-3-methylimidazole tetrafluoroborate ([bmim][BF4]). Toxicity in aerobic conditions was determined by measurement of inhibition of oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What Is Zero Liquid Discharge and How Does It Work?

    Not every industrial facility that produces wastewater will require zero liquid discharge (ZLD). It is usually looked to as a last resort because it can be a complex process that requires a high initial investment. If a facility is located on a site that has severe water scarcity issues and/or astronomical discharge fees, it might be ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Flotation in water and wastewater treatment and reuse: recent trends in Brazil

    This paper summarises environmental applications of conventional and unconventional flotation to remove pollutants from waters. Emphasis is given to the design features of innovative inline reactors, namely the Flocs Generator Reactor and Flocculation-Flotation, and their applications for the flocculation and flotation in solid-liquid separations involving water (and wastewater) treatment and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of water treatment processes: detailed organic matter characterisation and membrane fouling indices at the Loddon Water Treatment Plant, Victoria, Australia

    Recent advances in membrane technology have led to its broad application, and reverse osmosis (RO) systems now represent the fastest growing segment of the desalination market. Its performance is hindered by membrane fouling. In this study pre-treatment methods to reduce RO fouling were investigated including flocculation, adsorption and ion exchange. Detailed organic characterisations were made ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The development and application of the hybrid centrifugal - dissolved air flotation system for wastewater treatment

    Abstract Solid/liquid separations are integral part of any wastewater treatment system. Particles heavier than water are commonly separated in sedimentation clarifiers. On the other hand, particles with densities lower than that of water are most often separated with flotation systems. This manuscript describes the development of hybrid centrifugal - dissolved air flotation system. The ...

  • Monitoring and Treatment of Selected Nanoparticles

    With their increasing use, nanoparticles will become concentrated in urban effluents in the future. Both adequate monitoring methods and water treatment technologies will be necessary to assess and avoid consumer exposure. This paper reports results in these two challenging areas for both organic and inorganic nanoparticles. Treatment experiments indicate that lamellar settling is better adapted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fracking wastewater treatment at collection facility

    Abstract Engineering company operates a wastewater collection and treatment facility for their clients in Myton, Utah. The facility receives fracking and produced wastewater from various pumping stations, and then treats the water for disposal at the injection well located on site. Electrocoagulation followed by two clarifiers and 5 micron filter was used. Since many particles float or just ...

  • Nutrient conditions and reactor configuration influence floc size distribution and settling properties

    Floc formation and settleability is critical for effective solid–liquid separation in many wastewater treatment processes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between particle size distribution and nutrient conditions in different bioreactor configurations. Size distribution profiles of flocs that formed in continuous (B1), continuous with clarifier and return sludge (B2) and SBR ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Grundfos Alldos provides clean drinking water in Athens

    In time for the Olympic Games, Grundfos Alldos equipped the four existing Athens water treatment plants in Galatsi, Melindi, Kiourka and Aspropyrgos with state-of-the-art disinfection systems and put them into operation. In order to ensure that everything ran smoothly, a cutting-edge SCADA system was installed for remote monitoring. This means that plants, sometimes 40 km apart, can be monitored ...


  • Poultry Food Short

    This facility processes, seasons, cooks, and flash-freezes poultry products and wanted to increase their production. The existing wastewater system could not meet the discharge requirements to the local POTW (city) and more stringent limits were imposed as a condition of their expansion. The facility was looking at a tremendous capital improvement cost to increase the size of their wastewater ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

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