liquid-level indicator Articles

  • LIT25 level indicating transmitter controls swimming pool level - Case Study

    The Town of Okotoks, Alberta I never gave it much thought, but what happens to the displaced water when a hundred people jump into a large public swimming pool? It goes into a surge tank - of course. This Greyline LIT25 Level Indicating Transmitter with ultrasonic sensor is installed in the basement of the Okotoks Recreation Centre in Alberta, Canada. The LIT's 4-20mA output is connected to a ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • High frequency monitoring needed to protect UK rivers - Case Study

    The science behind nutrient pollution in rivers is still poorly understood despite the fact that nitrate and phosphate concentrations in the UK’s rivers are mostly unacceptable, although an element of uncertainty exists about what an acceptable level actually is. Key to improving our understanding of the sources and impacts of nutrient pollution is high-resolution monitoring across a broad ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • A review on sludge dewatering indices

    Dewatering of sludge from sewage treatment plants is proving to be a significant challenge due to the large amounts of residual sludges generated annually. In recent years, research and development have focused on improving the dewatering process in order to reduce subsequent costs of sludge management and transport. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to establish reliable indices that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Digest of EEA indicators 2014

    Environmental indicators are essential tools for assessing environmental trends, tracking progress against objectives and targets, evaluating the effectiveness of policies and communicating complex phenomena to non-technical audiences. The last guide to European Environment Agency (EEA) indicators, published in 2005, focused on the Core Set of Indicators (CSI) (EEA, 2005). Since then, the EEA has ...

  • Environmental indicator report 2012

    Environmental challenges are intrinsically linked with the way we live: we depend on our natural environment to supply the natural resources and ecosystem services that sustain our health and well-being, and ensure that our economies prosper. Many of the environmental problems that we face today have existed for decades; what has changed is our appreciation of their drivers and the impacts these ...

  • Environmental indicator report 2014

    Across the world, there is growing recognition that the prevailing model of economic growth, grounded in ever-increasing resource use and pollutant emissions, cannot be sustained indefinitely. In the coming decades, with global population expected to increase to 9 billion people from 7.6 billion today, continued improvements in living standards and well-being will depend on a transition to a ...

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Levels and patterns of fecal indicator bacteria in stormwater runoff from homogenous land use sites and urban watersheds

    Routine stormwater monitoring programs focus on quantification of average fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) concentration at the terminal watershed discharge point. While important for permit compliance, such monitoring provides little insight into relative bacteria levels from different land use types or the mechanisms that influence FIB concentrations. The goal of this study was to quantify the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oral exposure to industrial effluent with exceptionally high levels of drugs does not indicate acute toxic effects in rats

    The Patancheru area near Hyderabad in India is recognized as a key link in the global supply chain for many bulk drugs. A central treatment plant receives wastewater from approximately 90 different manufacturers, and the resulting complex effluent has contaminated surface, ground, and drinking water in the region. Ecotoxicological testing of the effluent has shown adverse effects for several ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The development of indicators and core indicators for sustainable development: a state of the art review

    Experience with the establishment of indicators for sustainable development shows that it is scientifically feasible, most useful for communication with the public and a necessary navigation instrument to establish measures pertaining to the sustainability process objective. Usually, long lists of indicators were established to describe the complexity of sustainable development. More recently, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What are the main indicators of water quality?

    “Water is the driving force of all nature;” so said Leonardo da Vinci. The survival of our planet depends on the availability of water and the condition that it is in. It is therefore vital to make sure that it is able to provide a hospitable environment for those that live in it, and is free from harmful levels of substances for those that drink it. Not ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Economic sustainability of the economy: concepts and indicators

    Every society can be described as comprising four dimensions, the economic, social, environmental and institutional. Each of them is a complex, dynamic, self-organising and evolving entity in its own right, making the coupled system one of tremendous complexity. For this system to be sustainable, each of the four subsystems has to maintain its capability to survive and evolve, while the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance indicators for water supply management

    In the present study specific performance indicators are proposed that express the level of service of a water system subjected to varying operating conditions over time. The proposed methodology has been applied to a specific case study (Sinni water supply system in Basilicata – Italy) to demonstrate the real applicability of the proposed performance analysis that could be very useful to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainability indicators: is there consensus among stakeholders?

    Measuring regional sustainability must include local approaches, as sustainability will be determined by what the community values and the relative importance of these values will depend on community expectations, which vary. One of the biggest challenges for introducing strategies for sustainability is that multiple stakeholders are involved and they have differing objectives. This paper reports ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evolution of sustainable water resources indicators

    ABSTRACTThe Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable (SWRR) is one of several natural resource roundtables with government, corporate, and NGO participation. SWRR has been a subgroup of the Advisory Committee on Water Information (ACWI) since 2001, and operates under authority of OMB M-92-01 and the Federal Advisory Committee Act. The purpose of the Roundtable is to provide an open forum for ...

  • Kerbside Recycling: Indicative costs and performance

    The increase in national recycling rates achieved by local authorities since the publication of Waste Strategy 2000 has been impressive. The growth from 7% to 31% in 2006/07 has been achieved through a mixture of investment and ingenuity, but it has resulted in the creation of a number of different collection systems with many local variations. Although opinions about the merits of the different ...

  • Assessing sanitation service levels

    Conventional sanitation ladders rank sanitation in increasing complexity of technological options. However, sanitation improvement is not as straightforward as the concept of “a ladder” with incremental improvements, might suggest. For example, from the user perspective, a VIP toilet may in some circumstances be a better option than a septic tank system. There is a wide gap between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewer Level Monitoring - Photos

    Sewer Level Monitoring - Photos Photos in this article present the complexity and versatility of sewer level monitoring. When examining the photos, pay special attention to the stand-alone autonomous characteristics of each installation. In lack of any cabling from the outside, whether data cables or power cables, the solution is fed from its own battery power supply. Data is tranmitted ...

  • Beyond the `indicator industry`: use and potential influences of sustainable development indicators in Finland and the EU

    In order to assess progress towards sustainability, various indicators and indicator sets have been developed at multiple levels and sectors. Relatively little is known on whether they are actually used and what influences they may have. We examine the use of sustainable development indicators in Finland and across the EU based on document analysis and interviews with indicator developers and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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