long-term aquifer study Articles

  • Emulsified-Oil Biobarrier Provides Long-Term Treatment of Perchlorate/VOC Plume

    Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) evaluation of a PRB containing emulsified oil substrate (EOS®). The pilot study was initiated in 2003 at the Alliant Techsystems, Inc., facility in Elkton, MD, to evaluate effectiveness of EOS technology for enhancing biodegration of perchlorate and chlorinated solvents. A single dose of low solubility, low viscosity, and slowly biodegradable ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Using CoBupH MG to adjust aquifer pH - Case Study

    Problem A US Government site had elevated TCE. Low aquifer pH stalled in situ bioremediation. ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • TCE Remediation in Saprolite and Bedrock Aquifers

    Site Summary Subsurface investigations at this operating manufacturing facility revealed TCE contamination in saprolite and bedrock aquifers. The complicated site geology created the need for a remedial strategy effective in tight soil and fractured bedrock. Accelerated bioremediation using HRC was selected for a pilot study because its use offered a remedial method that would not interrupt ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Fate of selected pharmaceuticals and their metabolites in soil aquifer treatment

    Through a series of long-term column experiments, the fate of three common pharmaceuticals (carbamazepine (CBZ), diclofenac, and indomethacin) and their major phase I metabolites in soil aquifer treatment (SAT) were monitored. CBZ concentration increased by a factor of two (from 37 to ca. 70 ng/L) regardless of the treatment conditions, and its metabolites, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Suitability of cotton as an alternative crop in the ogallala aquifer region

    Renewed interest in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in the Ogallala Aquifer Region can be linked to development of early maturing varieties, rising energy costs, and declining water levels in the Ogallala Aquifer. The main objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of growing cotton and estimate the cotton yield potential and the potential reduction in Ogallala Aquifer ...

  • The chemical evolution of groundwater in the Kerman plain aquifer, Iran

    A comprehensive hydrogeochemical study was carried out in the Kerman Plain Aquifer, Iran. Groundwater samples were collected from 58 sites. Groundwater was analysed for major constituents (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl−, SO42− HCO3−. Different methods including composite diagrams, saturation indices and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of Reducing Agents for Dechlorination in a Simulated Aquifer (PDF)

    A simulated aquifer system (Aquifer Simulation Vessel – ASV) was used to study the efficacy of various reducing agents to assist microbial dechlorination. The soil samples are homogenized and the soil is packed into 6.0-foot long tubes with an internal diameter of 5.75 inches. Flow rates can be calibrated for flow at 0.1 to 2.0 feet/day. The system has a volume of 2025.44 in3.  A solution of ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Aquifers and hyporheic zones: Towards an ecological understanding of groundwater

    Ecological constraints in subsurface environments relate directly to groundwater flow, hydraulic conductivity, interstitial biogeochemistry, pore size, and hydrological linkages to adjacent aquifers and surface ecosystems. Groundwater ecology has evolved from a science describing the unique subterranean biota to its current form emphasising multidisciplinary studies that integrate hydrogeology ...


    By Springer

  • Effects of aquifer thermal energy storage on groundwater quality and the consequences for drinking water production: a case study from the Netherlands

    We used data from an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system located 570 m from a public water supply well field in the south of the Netherlands to investigate the relation between production of renewable energy with an ATES system and the production of drinking water. The data show that the groundwater circulation by the ATES system can impact chemical groundwater quality by introducing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Confined aquifer responses to pumping – potential impacts on plume migration

    Pressure waves are transmitted in confined aquifers with relatively little damping compared with surficial phreatic aquifers. Confined aquifers may therefore be subject to abrupt and far-reaching changes in the rate and direction of groundwater flow due to changes in well pumping. Where there is a mechanism for contaminants to reach a confined aquifer, the contaminant migration within the aquifer ...

  • Fate of bulk organic carbon and bromate during indirect water reuse involving ozone and subsequent aquifer recharge

    Long-term column studies with ozonated secondary effluent were conducted to evaluate the removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and to assess formation and stability of the oxidation by-product bromate in combined ozonation and managed aquifer recharge (MAR) systems. DOC removal during simulated MAR was continuously increased from approximately 20 to 40% by pretreatment with ozone ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of groundwater–surface water interaction in horizontal unconfined aquifer bounded by a stream and groundwater divide using a non–linear numerical model

    In this study, a non–linear numerical model was developed to analyse the interaction between the drainage water moving from an unconfined aquifer and a surface water body. This interaction can occur during or after a rainfall event, which can cause the groundwater table to change. At first, a laboratory–scale aquifer model with stream and groundwater divide boundaries was established to examine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managanese study: Severn Trent

    Severn Trent Water operates a number of boreholes which abstract water from the underlying Sherwood Sandstone aquifer in the West Midlands.  Prior to 2000, manganese concentrations at one of these sources were reported to be <5µg/l but by 2002 were found to be significantly higher than this.  This posed a possible threat to the source.  Further sampling in 2007 suggested ...

  • MARS-project - Case Study

    Project MARS-project Client Consortium of Dutch and Romanian parties Country Romania and the Netherlands Background and objective With the support from the Partners for Water programme, a consortium of Dutch and Romanian parties launched a project in Romania. For this project, research is ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Geological Survey Department - Case Study

    Client Geological Survey Department Country Cyprus Background and objective The third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea is battling the subterranean penetration of salt water and long periods of drought, which cause water shortages. Water management in jeopardy The semi-arid climate on Cyprus makes great ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Monitoring groundwater resources for Municipalities - Case Study

    Background The City of Tucson is located in the Sonoran Desert in southwest United States (U.S.), approximately 100 km north of the Mexico-U.S. border. Tucson Water operates more than 215 groundwater wells, covering more than 300 square miles, providing more than 37 billion gallons (140 million m3) of potable water to its 730,000 inhabitants each year. The region receives only 12 inches of ...

  • Case study - Ireland Groundwater Monitoring Program

    To fulfill the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requirements, a groundwater monitoring program was established by the Environmental Protection Agency of Ireland. This program focuses on providing information to assess the environmental status of surface and groundwater bodies. Read about the program and the example installation in the Bog of the Ring. Technology Used: OTT Orpheus Mini, OTT ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Case study - Polyphosphates for in situ uranium immobilization

    INFORMATION Carus Corporation has a long history of developing and providing a variety of permanganate products for chemical oxidation applications. Carus is also a leading provider of phosphate products for sequestration and corrosion control. Phosphates are widely used as water treatment chemicals (dry or liquid solutions) to correct problems resulting from inorganic groundwater ...


    By Carus Corporation

  • Case study - Pemaco superfund site remediation

    OVERVIEW Pemaco was formerly a chemical facility located in a light industrial and residential area of Maywood, CA, adjacent to the Los Angeles River. No one knows how long hazardous substances had been leaking into the ground but the operations date back to the 1940's.  Up until closure of the facility in 1991, chlorinated solvents, aromatic solvents, and flammable liquids had ...

  • A Pilot Study Using HRCTM to Enhance Bioremediation of CAHs.

    ABSTRACT: The effect of Hydrogen Release Compound (HRCTM) in enhancing the anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) was observed in a single well pilot study. HRC is a proprietary, environmentally safe, food quality, polylactate ester formulated for the slow release of lactic acid upon hydration. Microbes metabolize the lactic acid releases by HRC and produce ...


    By REGENESIS

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