make-up water monitoring Articles

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • What can you achieve with a solar system and battery?

    People often ask us about energy self-sufficiency. Just how hard is it to get to that point where you no longer have to pay a large corporation each time you turn on the kettle? This will depend on your usage patterns but for most people, a mix of renewable systems is the best option. We’ve taken a look at Gabriel’s home renewable systems as an example. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Gabriel ...


    By SunGift Solar Ltd

  • Understanding and Monitoring Hydrocarbons in Water

    Untitled Document 1. Introduction Oil contamination continues to be a very hot topic, due largely in part to recent catastrophic events with shipping ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Introduction to Fluorescence for Oil in Water Monitoring

    Fluorescence can be found in many applications throughout our day-to-day routines. Commercially, one of the most obvious uses is in fluorescent lighting. For this, fluorescence is used to emit light from a tube without the use of heat, unlike standard incandescent light bulbs that require a heated element. In this example, fluorescence also contributes to energy conservation efforts. At an ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Surfactant-assisted oil-in-water monitoring

    A variety of common surfactants have been used to reduce fouling and enhance the performance of fluorescence-based oil-in-water monitors. Among the most effective are the alcohol ethoxylates with HLB values close to 12. Examples are SurfonicTM L24-9 (Hunstman, USA, HLB 13) and TergitolTM 15-S-7 (HLB 12.1). These surfactants readily convert heterogeneous oil/water mixtures into homogeneous, ...

  • Unique technology for monitoring piped water

    INTELLITECT WATER has launched a unique, highly innovative drinking water monitoring technology that will revolutionise the delivery of drinking water. The new technology monitors the quality of water in pipeline distribution networks and for the first time provides reliable data to protect the integrity of the water quality, to enhance customer satisfaction and to improve operational efficiency. ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Water quality monitoring with hydrolab MS5

    Background The Škocjan caves are a unique natural phenomenon located in south western Slovenia and are preserved as the Škocjan Caves Park under UNESCO protection. One of the most famous network of underground caves in the world, they were formed by the flow of the Reka River as it bored tunnels through the region’s limestone geology. The river first disappears underground just outside the ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Hydraulic modeling and water quality monitoring

    Untitled Document The 2004 IMTech conference held in Baltimore, Maryland, April 18-20, attracted hundreds of water professionals interested in the application of IT solutions in water supply and distribution ...


    By Innovyze

  • Scottish Water Flow Monitoring Contracts

    Scottish Water commissioned HL in 2007 to deliver two separate flow monitoring contracts to help improve the water companies understanding of the yield and low flow conditions at several water supply catchments across Scotland. One project involved the installation of reservoir level, inflow flow gauges and recording raingauge devices in nine reservoir catchments in South West Scotland. Although ...

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Monitoring Flow Rate in a Channel to Minimize Water Pollution

    Recently a wastewater management district in Cleveland contacted CAS DataLoggers to supply an automated monitoring solution for their environmental project. In most cities, sanitary sewers and storm sewers were separate, so that storm water was diverted into a nearby lake. However, Cleveland had only one sewer available, so all of the flow went to the ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Monitoring Oil in Cooling Water - Case Study

    The Situation A municipal power plant in the southern United States operates more than 10 stationary power plant engines capable of producing 52 megawatts of electric power. The plant is part of a larger statewide power grid system. Within the grid, the municipality brokers the purchase or sale of power hourly, based on the needs of municipality and the market rate for power on the grid ...

  • Water Quality Monitoring and Testing Using an Environmental Logger

    Intelligent dataTaker System from CAS DataLoggers Water disruptions typically occur after a large amount of water has rapidly collected in a catchment area. As a result this water is subject to continual monitoring and testing for a variety of chemical and biological agents as well as clarity, rate of movement, and water levels for environmental management. Turbidity, conductivity, ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Water Quality Monitoring for the “Big Four Parameters”

    Many different parameters can be measured in natural and artificial waters with sensors or via lab analysis. Each parameter effects water quality and the organisms that depend on the water for survival. Different states, monitoring agencies, and companies also place an emphasis on different water quality parameters to be monitored, depending on local conditions and mandates. For most water ...

  • Water quality monitoring following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

    Following the passage of Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans was left with 80% of its land area flooded. In some locations, the flood waters were over 30 feet deep. In the heat and stagnation, the waters quickly became heavily polluted. Pump out operations began in early September 2005 to get the city dried out quickly. Lake Pontchartrain was the primary receiving water body. A variety of approaches ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water monitoring as a safety feature for nuclear desalination

    It is widely accepted that the general safety approach for nuclear facilities is valid for a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP), thus IAEA standards and guides are applicable. The coupling of a NDP should be designed with the safety objective of ensuring that it results in no adverse effect on the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. The first objective (provisions of barriers) is complied with by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring outfalls to Bathing Waters - Case study

    Bathing Water Catchment monitoring Date:2010 Location: Bude Cornwall UK Purpose: To carry out a river survey identifying potential pollution sources and their likely impact on bathing waters downstream. Background STS and the Environment Agency have, for some time, been discussing the issue of monitoring water courses which discharge directly into bathing waters. Of ...


    By Safe Training Systems Ltd

  • Case study - Well monitoring for a water supplier

    The municipality company, in city of Luebek, Germany, provides potable water for approximately 120,000 households, all pumped from more than 30 wells.  These wells have water levels as deep as 160 meters.  The water levels of these groundwater wells must be measured with the highest possible accuracy.  Previously, the pressure probe's analogue output signals (4…20mA) that ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Online Odors Monitoring in Waste Water Treatment Plants

    Odors are very distinct air contaminants as they generate nuisances (see note at the end). The factors playing a role in the determination of odor annoyance are : odor concentration and intensity, frequency, appreciation, duration, synergy and location. Chromatotec proposes an automated solution to well identify the origin and the level of odors. Technology Description We offer a ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Flood alert and remote monitoring of water reservoirs and rivers

    River flood alert and water reservoir managements are global growing requirements. SolidAT offers a full or partial solution (according to the customer's requirements) that can save lives and damage to property inflected by river floods. Moreover we provide real time water reservoir level and capacity. Awareness of governments and municipalities world wide is growing. Below is described a case ...

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