managing critical infrastructure Articles

  • Risk management goals and identification of critical infrastructures

    Strategic goals help streamlining risk management efforts, and criticality assessments of infrastructures benefit from such goals. This paper offers an introduction into recent German civil protection activities on this topic at national level. It offers a transferable concept on how to identify, document and justify priorities regarding critical infrastructure services. Based on human values it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the vulnerability of critical infrastructures: "seeing it coming"

    The paper addresses a number of concerns that are manifest in the safety management of critical infrastructures (CI) including, and especially, the effects of an increasing complexity on the safety managers' ability to comprehend and monitor the stability, predictability, and manoeuvrability of the systems at hand; the perverse effect of computer ubiquity on the CI safety quality; and, entailing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Novelty detection and management to safeguard information-intensive critical infrastructures

    When the complexity of a system increases, the number of possible faults and anomalous working conditions becomes very high; on the contrary, the number of ‘normal’ behaviours is generally low and often well determined by rules and constraints defined by the characteristics of the furnished services. In this paper, after a general overview of the SAFEGUARD1 system, a more detailed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The operational tools for managing physical interdependencies among critical infrastructures

    As a result of advances in information technology and the necessity of improved efficiency, Critical Infrastructures (CIs) have become increasingly automated and interlinked over the years. This linkage between CI results in a very complex and dynamic system. However, this growing complexity of CI and their interdependencies reveals new vulnerabilities. In fact, the interdependencies between CI ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New dilemmas in regulating critical infrastructures

    Regulation, as it was introduced to round off the great institutional changes in the critical infrastructures, has failed to fully curb strategic behaviour in these sectors. This is one of the reasons for the somewhat disappointing performance of these sectors. Regulation in its present shape is based on the mantra: independent, rule guided and transparent. This paper sets out how these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling

    This paper proposes an approach to use multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling. To this aim, the state of the art of related works on the subject is surveyed and a general scheme for intra and inter infrastructure models is described. Multiformalism approaches allow modellers to adapt the choice of formal languages to the nature, complexity and abstraction layer of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergent information security in critical infrastructures

    The growing tendency to inter-weaving infrastructures makes them more complex, less manageable, and more vulnerable to random system failures. Several information systems are usually added to manage and control such infrastructures. However, in this internet era these information infrastructures have increasingly become the targets of sophisticated (denial of service) attacks, which cause random ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling interdependencies among critical infrastructures

    Over the years, Critical Infrastructures (CIs) have become increasingly automated and interlinked. This linkage between CIs results in a very complex and dynamic system which increases their vulnerability to failures. In fact, interdependencies between CIs are a true means of propagation of hazards from one network to another. Thus, when an infrastructure is experiencing difficulties and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment process of the resilience potential of critical infrastructures

    The research results presented aim to define a framework for evaluating the potential of resilience for critical infrastructure (CI). CI are an integral part of the community and a better knowledge of their potential for resilience will help to reduce the risk of disasters and provide tools to manage them. The framework helped to define a method to evaluate the potential for resilience CI based ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A strategic approach to risk governance of critical infrastructures

    This paper discusses governance as a promising approach for dealing with the risks of infrastructures, and specifically with reference to the European situation. The liberalisation and the unbundling of the institutional and market arrangements and the pervasive application of information and communication technologies have increased the interconnectivity among systems and nations, making risks ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Models for reducing the risk of critical networked infrastructures

    In this paper, we review the literature studying how to reduce the disruption risk to critical networked infrastructures. This is an important area of research because huge consequences result from infrastructure disruptions. As a result, this research area has grown a lot in the last decade. In this review we discuss articles from the literature, place them into categories, and suggest topics ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developing an index to assess the resilience of critical infrastructure

    In 2009, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) began using a targeted questionnaire to produce individual vulnerability/protective-measure values for high-risk critical infrastructures and key resources. As sites continue to be assessed, the topic of resilience is emerging as a necessary focus in risk management and infrastructure protection. Enhancing the resilience of critical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards a research framework for critical infrastructure interdependencies

    Critical Infrastructure (CI) interdependencies have important consequences for crisis management, particularly when the crises are cross-border. However, research into CI interdependencies is still immature. The nature of large-scale, cross-border crises in these systems of systems is not easily understood. We have identified several aspects that need to be investigated to gain a more complete ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reduction techniques in modelling critical infrastructures under the infrastructure interdependencies simulator framework

    Modern, urban population centres are comprised of highly interdependent networks of infrastructures. In normal operating conditions, these interdependencies can be neglected without much trouble, however, in times of emergency, these same interdependencies, often hidden, can debilitate relief efforts. The effects are often noted in disaster response post–mortems as poor distribution of resources ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risk management of complex critical systems

    It is crucial to examine the changing panorama of vulnerabilities and criticalities in our increasingly interconnected world. Understanding the meaning of complexity and its implications allows us to see the interconnectedness of the world for enhanced risk management in technical and social systems. In this respect, a framework to assess complex systems is necessary to understand vulnerabilities ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation and anticipation of domino effects among critical infrastructures

    Interdependencies among critical infrastructures (CIs) are the cause of domino effects that may have serious consequences for society. To limit the consequences of these phenomena, it is important to be able to anticipate any situation that may trigger a domino effect. To do so, it is necessary to have a good understanding of how CIs are interlinked and how they rely on each other to properly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decision support for the management of aging nuclear critical infrastructures: vulnerability assessment and multi-criteria decision analysis

    Because many nuclear facilities are nearing the end of their design life, it is important to assess the vulnerability of these aging critical infrastructure systems. The risks associated with nuclear energy are often complex and uncertain, including the release of radioactive fission and environmental issues related to the longevity and toxicity of waste products. In the event of a nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risks, vulnerability, sustainability and governance: a new landscape for critical infrastructures

    It is becoming clear that sustainable development is, sometimes, obstructed by new risks and vulnerabilities, such as SARS, HIV, terrorist attacks etc. There is a need to outline and identify the current new trends, dependability and governance rules in order to properly model critical infrastructures for greater safety and operational performance. The present paper addresses the need for a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 3D tactics: an advanced warfare concept in critical infrastructure protection

    The three dimensional tactics concept is adopted from recent formulations of ‘spherical security’. This is adapted to develop a conceptual approach to vulnerability analysis in counter terrorism planning, dealing with the problems where there is no intelligence-based threat analysis, and an attack can come from any direction. The UK Intelligence and Security Committee report on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regional industries as critical infrastructures: a tale of two modern cities

    The research state-of-the-art mentions critical infrastructures (CI) in the same breath as studies about cataclysmic threats, events instantiated by a terrorist or cyber-attack, and/or a natural disaster. This paper suggests that a threat to CI may also result from slowly evolving, gradual, and undetectable events that build up over time. Entire regional industries and their associated networks ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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