marine conservation Articles

  • Marine protected areas: from conservation to sustainable development

    After a period during which MPAs were instrumentalised as a palliative against the inadequacy of a fisheries management conventional approach, the multi-use character of these areas prevailed, conflicts were pacified by instilling a participative process and a plurality of goals is now fully recognised. Thus MPAs are becoming both a tool and a preferred context for sustainable development in its ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Politics of marine conservation area in Indonesia: from a centralised to a decentralised system

    This paper aims to analyse the current situation resulting from the Marine Conservation Area (MCA) in Indonesia in terms of the legal framework, institutional conflicts and the response of the local people. A case study of the centralised and decentralised MCA in West Lombok is presented, and the process of establishing the MCA and its institutional performance are reviewed. The performance of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Marine and coastal environment

    Although not always immediately apparent, our wellbeing as humans is affected by the environmental state of our seas, because many aspects of our lives benefit from the goods and services provided by well-functioning marine and coastal ecosystems. These ecosystem services offer a multitude of opportunities to provide an income for people for instance through production of fish and shellfish for ...

  • Volunteers in Marine Conservation Monitoring: a Study of the Distribution of Seahorses Carried Out in Collaboration with Recreational Scuba Divers

    Abstract: Seahorses ( Hippocampus) live in tropical and temperate waters. Habitat degradation and fishery overexploitation have led to drastic population declines on a global scale. Population monitoring is therefore essential to determine current status and manage conservation. In this first study in Italian waters on the geographic and ecological distribution of the two ...


  • Wind & solar energy and nature conservation

    Climate change and the degradation of ecosystems and biodiversity cannot be solved in isolation. Land and marine ecosystems play a crucial role in the climate system, capturing roughly half of carbon dioxide emissions generated by human activities (UNEP, 2009). Protecting biodiversity preserves ecosystem services that are important for regulating the climate and helping us to adapt to the impacts ...

  • The Ecosystem Approach To Marine Planning and Management

    Keywords: ecosystem management, marine spatial planning, Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, marine protected areas (MPAs) Provisions for marine planning form a key component of the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 and the planning process has already commenced in some parts of the country. A book on The Ecosystem Approach to Marine Planning and Management is therefore timely. The ...


  • Marine litter – a growing threat worldwide

    Increasing amounts of litter are ending up in the world’s oceans and harming the health of ecosystems, killing animals when they become trapped or swallow the litter. Human health is also at risk, as plastics may break down into smaller pieces that may subsequently end up in our food. These are just a few of the problems emerging from the waste collecting in our seas. There are now ...

  • Sea Turtle Conservation: An `Illegal` Trade Barrier?

    In fisheries around the globe, by-catch is a serious threat to marine organisms. By-catch includes both non-target species (e.g. fish, seabirds, turtles and marine mammals) and immature individuals of the target species. Experts estimate that discarded by-catch accounts for around 30 per cent of the global catch.1 Several international agree- ments have addressed the issue of by-catch, including ...


    By IOS Press

  • Why degraded reefs could be the future of ocean conservation

    When there’s not enough pristine habitat left to save an ecosystem, it’s time to take a new look at less-than-perfect places. When you think of a nature preserve, chances are you picture a tract of pristine, healthy wilderness, set aside in order to protect a functioning ecosystem. But what if not much remains of the ecosystem you want to protect? A new proposal by an ...


    By Ensia

  • Legislation: New Approaches to Nature Conservation in the UK

    Keywords: nature conservation, protected areas, ecosystems approach, ecosystem services, species protection, marine conservation zones, Natural Environment Framework, 2010 Biodiversity Targets, EU Biodiversity Strategy, Law Commission Despite the enactment of several pieces of legislation on nature conservation over the last 30 years,1 the basic components of nature conservation law have ...


  • Global marine fisheries resources: status and prospects

    This paper discusses the current status of the world's fisheries and their prospects for the future, from the perspective of the economics discipline. We focus on governance institutions within which fisheries are conducted, discussing their evolution during the post WW II period with particular emphasis on the jurisdiction extension codified by the Law of the Sea Convention in 1982. We discuss ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Expanding marine protected areas to restore fisheries

    After World War II, accelerating population growth and steadily rising incomes drove the demand for seafood upward at a record pace. At the same time, advances in fishing technologies, including huge refrigerated processing ships that enabled trawlers to exploit distant oceans, enabled fishers to respond to the growing world demand. In response, the oceanic fish catch climbed from 19 million tons ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • World and local heritage, the relationships between conservation and development: the example of the Coelacanth

    The Coelacanth, single survivor of the zoological group of Crossopterygians, in which is supposed to have appeared the ancestor of terrestrial Vertebrates, represents perfectly the emblematical living heritage of the earth. After the discovery of the first actual Coelacanth (in 1938), specimens have been fished in Comoros waters. The archipelago considers it now as a national heritage. But the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Green Employer of the Week --Apr/13-19/13: the Nature Conservancy

    We've decided that at least once a month we should present a non-profit organization as our employer of the week. Especially today, to celebrate Earth Day! ...


  • Efforts towards setting eutrophication assessment criteria for coastal marine ecosystems

    Eutrophication of coastal marine environments is a widespread and transboundary problem necessitating consideration of measures to conserve and restore the marine environments that have been adversely affected. As of now, there exist no criteria set for eutrophication of coastal marine waters due to the difficulty to establish single national/international assessment criteria for eutrophication ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Marine protected areas in Europe`s seas - An overview and perspectives for the future

    1. The EU and marine protected areas Europe's seas are under pressure. Marine protected areas (MPAs) can act as a key conservation measure to safeguard marine ecosystems and biodiversity as well as the services these ecosystems provide. Aim, structure and supporting data of this report This document reports on progress made to date in establishing MPAs and ...

  • Spatial analysis of Marine Protected Area networks in Europe`s seas

    1.1 Aims and scope of the report This European Environment Agency (EEA) technical report presents an overview of the 2012 spatial distribution of the networks of marine protected areas (MPAs) established in the waters of EU), excluding overseas territories. The report contains a detailed explanation of the methodology and data sets used and the reasoning behind the spatial ...

  • Opinion: The Convention on biological diversity: will The decisions made at cop10 in nagoya make it Easier to conserve biodiversity?

    Keywords: Convention on Biological Diversity, COP10, conservation of biodiversity, ecosystem services, Strategic Plan 2011-2020, Nagoya Protocol, access and benefit sharing. Resource Mobilisation Strategy, nature conservation, protected areas, invasive alien species, mountain zones, wetlands, marine and coastal biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, ecosystem approach The ...


  • An estimate of the cost of acute health effects from food- and water-borne marine pathogens and toxins in the USA

    Large and growing segments of the United States population consume seafood or engage in marine recreation. These activities provide significant benefits but also bring risk of exposure to marine-borne illness. To manage these risks, it is important to understand the incidence and cost of marine-borne disease. We review the literature and surveillance/monitoring data to determine the annual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Role of the rpoS gene in the survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in the marine environmentRôle du gène rpoS pour la survie de Salmonella enterica ser

    The survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium rpoS+ and rpoS− exposed to sunlight or incubated in the dark was studied in a seawater microcosm and a diffusion chamber. The total number of bacteria and physiologically active ones were estimated by direct counting using epifluorescence microscopy, while cultivable ...


    By IWA Publishing

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