marine pollution control Articles

  • Marine specimen banking: archive and pollution control for the 21st century

    The oceans have in the past been extensively used as disposal sites for various kinds of waste. The world ocean – being the final sink for many natural and anthropogenic substances – is a "labile" ecosystem, which is and has for a long time been the focal point of extensive interdisciplinary research. Measurements of heavy metals and a suite of various chemical compounds in the marine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A dynamic model of optimal reduction of marine oil pollution

    This paper proposes a system of dynamic models to describe the interactive behaviour of different agents (polluters, inspectors, and a principal pollution control agency) involved in the processes of marine oil pollution and of its prevention and purification, under some realistic assumptions. In particular, short- and long-term economic responses of polluters to monitoring efforts, as well as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trans-boundary marine oil pollution and its international legal aspects

    Marine pollution control is a sensitive topic, which has gained importance recently due to crude oil spills which in turn has led to many recent international legal developments. This paper examines the effectiveness of international marine laws in imputing liability and calculating damages where more than one nation is affected. The main international agreements covering the international marine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrated Modeling of Fate and Effects of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Marine Ecosystems

    Contaminants reach surface waters through different pathways, ranging from atmospheric deposition, infiltration in the soil during heavy rainfalls and migration with the groundwater or transport in particulate and dissolved phase in rivers. Domestic and industrial sewage water represents a major global source of pollution for surface water. Furthermore, agricultural activities may be associated ...


  • Cost-Effective Control of Interdependent Water Pollutants

    Abstract  Excess nutrient loads to coastal waters lead to increased production of algae, which when decaying cause oxygen depletion in bottom sediments, which in turn leads to major changes in marine ecosystems. A cost-minimization model was investigated in which nitrogen and phosphorus were assumed to interact with respect to algae production. It was investigated under what conditions only ...


  • Marine Waste Management

    The Reasons of Marine Waste Management New rules from IMO (International Maritime Organization), adopted in July 2011, imply substantial changes for all ship or rig types as early as January 2013. By applying waste management, the ship or rig owner or operator takes control of waste handling with the aim of achieving some or all of the following objectives: 1) To fulfill ...


    By Harden Industries Ltd.

  • Abatement vs. treatment for efficient diffuse source water pollution management in terrestrial-marine systems

    Marine ecosystems are affected by water pollution originating from coastal catchments. The delivery of water pollutants can be reduced through water pollution abatement as well as water pollution treatment. Hence, sustainable economic development of coastal regions requires balancing of the marginal costs from water pollution abatement and/or treatment and the associated marginal benefits from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Protection the Marine Environment from Land-Based Sources of Pollution Towards Effective International Cooperation

    The most significant source of marine pollution is from land-based sources, with estimates indicating that it comprises around 80 per cent of all marine pollution. It is an issue of utmost concern. Dr Hassan provides an insight into the technical and legal issues surrounding land-based sources of pollution, and argues for a new international convention that will enhance cooperation, contribute to ...


  • Interdependence between pollution and fish resource harvest policies

    This study presents a bio-economic model in which the dynamics of a fishery are affected by marine pollution both directly and indirectly. From the optimality analysis it can be seen that, as long as a contaminating sector exists near coastal areas, the policy on fish resource harvest will be more intense initially (when the environmental situation is better) and less intense in subsequent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Long‐term effects of the antibacterial agent triclosan on marine periphyton communities

    Triclosan (TCS) is a widely used antibacterial agent that has become an ubiquitous contaminant in freshwater, estuary and marine environments. Concerns for potential adverse effects of TCS have been described in several recent risk assessments. Effects on freshwater microbial communities have been quite well studied but studies addressing effects on marine microbial communities are scarce. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effects on Contaminants And Nutrients on The Dynamics of Different Food Webs in Marine Ecosystems

    During the last decades coastal waters have been exposed to growing anthropogenic pressure represented on the one hand by the increase on the input of nutrients and contaminants and on the other hand by the increased exploitation of these areas for aquaculture, fishing and tourism. Some species might be more sensitive than others, but since the different populations are linked to each other by ...


  • The effects of mining pollution on subtidal habitats of northern Chile

    Mining is the most important commercial activity in Chile, producing more than 60% of the total national income. In northern Chile, where mining extraction is concentrated, solid and liquid pollutants resulting form copper and iron ore processing are discharged to the ocean. The studies on the effects of mining on coastal marine environments in Chile mainly consist of the evaluation of heavy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phosphate Fertilizer Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Prevention of Oil Spill Pollution in Seawater Using Locally Available Materials

    Abstract Oil spill pollution a severe environmental problem, which persists in marine environment or in inland water across the world, has grown to an alarming magnitude with increased levels of oil production and transport. Causes of it is either accidental or due to operation wherever oil is produced, transported, stored and used on sea or land. Hence, it is almost impossible for marine life ...


  • Spill prevention, control and countermeasure

    Background One of the EPA’s mandates is to prevent oil spills from polluting our nation’s navigable waterways which are defined under the Clean Water Act and Oil Pollution Act as any waterway or body of water that is used for ...

  • Pollution status and sustainable management of Xiamen Bay in China: a brief review

    The continuous increase in population coupled with economic growth, rapid urbanisation and infrastructure development have resulted in the pollution of the marine environment of Xiamen Bay. Its ecosystem has become vulnerable to pollution and chemical pollutants which may have changed the coastal ecosystem's biogeochemistry. This study identifies the pollution sources, status and pollution effect ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Marine Sciences Investigations in Support of Level Oftreatment Decisions for Municipal Wastewater Discharges in Puerto Rico

    ABSTRACT The Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority (PRASA) currently has National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits that incorporate relaxation (waiver) of BOD and TSS secondary treatment requirements for six of its regional wastewater treatment plants. The waivers are available under Section 301(h) of the Clean Water Act. Maintaining the waivers requires, in part, ...

  • Can a gas engine use diesel fuel with less pollution?

    Anyone concerned with rising oil prices and pollution from fossil fuel might like to know about a new technology, which addresses both problems. Its application will put an end to the days of sooty smoke seen from accelerating diesel trucks and buses. The ...


  • Effect of high solids concentration on hydrodynamics and mass transfer of a three-phase airlift reactor for marine sediment bioremediation

    The more restrictive limits for environmental pollution control imposed nowadays require the development of new biological technologies. Multiphase reactors including slurry reactors have become reactors of choice for chemical and biochemical applications. In the present work, three-phase airlift reactors are proposed as an alternative to mechanically stirred systems and slurry bubble columns for ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    The Acta Group's (Acta) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation is currently rife ...


    By Acta Group

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