marine spill Articles

  • Spill prevention, control and countermeasure

    Background One of the EPA’s mandates is to prevent oil spills from polluting our nation’s navigable waterways which are defined under the Clean Water Act and Oil Pollution Act as any waterway or body of water that is used for ...

  • Stochastic models of oil spill processes

    This paper models the occurrence of an environmental accident as a stochastic event. In particular, the situation of an oil spill is explored. Characteristics of the ship operator, and the different types of the ship's operating environment determine a stochastic process governing the time patterns and size of spills. It is shown that both the time distribution of different types of oil spill and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Monitoring for the Gulf Oil Spill

    Ambient air monitoring is a priority in the ongoing efforts to contain and manage the oil spill from the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico. The following provides information about the kinds of airborne contaminants that are currently being monitored in the Gulf, how they are collected and how they are analyzed. For a given project, a suitable sampling plan – developed by ...


  • Oil Spill Eater II used on another shoreline spill in Estancia Philippines

    “A significant spill of heavy oil (bunker C type) occurred when Power Barge No. 103 ran aground at the shores of Estancia during the height of typhoon Haiyan. Between 21 and 23 November, environment experts from the Philippines Environmental Management Bureau visited the site of the oil spill together with a United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) environment expert, ...

  • The analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in marine samples

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) have been determined in marine samples for many years, but have only rarely been included in either national or international monitoring programmes. PAH can arise in the environment from natural sources, oil and petroleum products and combustion processes. Although oil spills influence PAH concentrations in local areas, the major sources of PAH are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A dynamic model of optimal reduction of marine oil pollution

    This paper proposes a system of dynamic models to describe the interactive behaviour of different agents (polluters, inspectors, and a principal pollution control agency) involved in the processes of marine oil pollution and of its prevention and purification, under some realistic assumptions. In particular, short- and long-term economic responses of polluters to monitoring efforts, as well as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Interviews: Ken Buesseler, Researcher into marine discharges at Fukushima

    We as scientists do have a responsibility and I hope to be able to contribute in some way“ Ken Buesseler, researcher at the Wood Hoods Oceanographic Institute is investigating the radioactivity leaked from the Fukushima nuclear power station, initially from data facilitated by the TEPCO (Tokyo Electric Power Company) and then from samples gathered in situ. He believes that official bodies ...

  • Offshore oil spill clean up case study

    In the event of a major incident occurring offshore, for example a tanker casualty running aground or breaking up for any reason, it is of paramount importance to deploy emergency response to protect and save human life. Once this has been done an assessment of the casualty should be made on whether it is possible to salvage the vessel and its contents and to assess the type and amount of oil ...

  • Adapter bacteria control oil spill in bulk

    Introduction Microbac was called in to advise on a required treatment for an integrated bulk oil handling facility and sea-land terminal, receiving, storing and shipping a wide variety of liquid fuels, inorganic chemicals and petrochemicals, many of which are toxic to microorganisms. The variable and complex waste streams from tank truck cleaning, ballast and tank cleaning discharges from ...


    By Microbac Ltd

  • Trans-boundary marine oil pollution and its international legal aspects

    Marine pollution control is a sensitive topic, which has gained importance recently due to crude oil spills which in turn has led to many recent international legal developments. This paper examines the effectiveness of international marine laws in imputing liability and calculating damages where more than one nation is affected. The main international agreements covering the international marine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trelleborg Harbour Marine helps moor vessels safely at LNG terminals

    Trelleborg Harbour Marine helps moor vessels safely at LNG terminalsSafety is the priority at LNG terminals, which are growing in number inline with an increased demand for the fuel. Like many fuels, LNG is potentially hazardous and to help reduce the possibility of an incident during berthing or when a vessel is alongside a jetty, integrated mooring systems are becoming standard specification. ...


  • Prevention of Oil Spill Pollution in Seawater Using Locally Available Materials

    Abstract Oil spill pollution a severe environmental problem, which persists in marine environment or in inland water across the world, has grown to an alarming magnitude with increased levels of oil production and transport. Causes of it is either accidental or due to operation wherever oil is produced, transported, stored and used on sea or land. Hence, it is almost impossible for marine life ...


  • Rational application of chemicals in response to oil spills may reduce environmental damage

    Oil spills, for example those due to tanker collisions and groundings or platform accidents, can have huge adverse impacts on marine systems. The impact of an oil spill at sea depends on a number of factors, such as spill volume, type of oil spilled, weather conditions, and proximity to environmentally, economically, or socially sensitive areas. Oil spilled at sea threatens marine organisms, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • An empirically tractable model of optimal oil spills prevention in Russian sea harbours

    Based on previous theoretical work by Gottinger (1997, 1998), we propose a simple model of optimal monitoring of oil-related activities in harbour areas that is suitable for empirical estimation within the Russian— Ukrainian context, in spite of the poor availability of data in these countries. Specifically, the model indicates how to best allocate at the steady state a given monitoring budget ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Three Basic Parameters for How to Address Oil / Hydrocarbon Based Material Spills

    The most basic quesAon to ask in regards to oil spills is, why do you clean them up? Very few people get the reason why you clean up an oil spill. The reason you clean up an oil spill is to reduce the toxicity of the oil to the environment so that living organisms can survive/ live. If single celled organisms can live in the environment, then generally ...

  • Oil Spill Eater, Solution Oil Spillage in Niger Delta

    Oil Spill Eater II is the name of a non-toxic product which provides the means for moving oil spill response out of its 19th Century methodology into the realm of advanced technological 21st Century breakthroughs for addressing and remediating 100% of any spill in any environment.  In comparison, current response methods employed by three major oil companies - BP, Exxon and Shell - are ...

  • Ecological Significance of Residual Exposures and Effects from the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

    An ecological significance framework is used to assess the ecological condition of Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska, USA, in order to address the current management question: 17 y following the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS), are there any remaining and continuing ecologically significant exposures or effects on the PWS ecosystem caused by EVOS? We examined the extensive scientific literature ...

  • New approach makes faster and efficient work of oil spills

    A comprehensive new study of oil’s behaviour in various sea conditions has resulted in significant advances in oil spill recovery using boom-style systems. Put into practice in DESMI ‘s Speed-Sweep Oil Spill Response (OSR) solution, the new approach speeds up oil recovery, increases encounter rates, covers a wider area in a shorter time and provides new flexibility in the choice of ...


    By DESMI A/S

  • Organic and inorganic pollutants in marine sediments from northern and southern continental shelf of the Gulf of Mexico

    The present work was developed in the continental shelf of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and Tabasco during 1999–2000 in the Gulf of Mexico. The main goal of this study was to evaluate levels of heavy metals (Cr, Ni, Pb and Cd) in total and bioavailable concentration, as well as the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); the organic matter and carbonates were determinated too. Heavy metals in total ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative effects of biological and chemical dispersants on the bioavailability and toxicity of crude oil to early life stages of marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma)

    We assessed the bioavailability and chronic toxicity of water‐accommodated fractions of crude oil (WAFs) and two dispersants plus dispersed crude oil (chemical dispersant + crude oil, CE‐WAF, and biological dispersant + crude oil, BE‐WAF) on the early life stages of marine medaka, Oryzias melastigma. Results showed that the addition of the two dispersants caused a three‐ and four‐fold increase ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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