mass flow Articles

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A water flow meter is a device that measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. There are several water flow meter technologies to choose from depending on the water measurement application, maintenance requirements, and budgetary terms.  Each of these types of water flow meters has a unique principle of operation, specific application benefits, and overall ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Achievement Unlocked: Brian Estep Appointed Vice Chair of ASME’s Thermal Committee

    To solve problems and build solutions in the modern world, an engineer must have clear focus, an ability to think critically under pressure, and a willingness to work long hours. When skills are developed over time and knowledge is refined, meaningful innovation can and does come to fruition. However, what allows one to rise above day-to-day work to make a positive impact on the engineering ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • The evolution of thermal mass flow meters

    Who were some of the pioneers in thermal mass flow technology? A. Thermo-Systems, Inc. (TSI) began in its founder’s basement in 1959, with a cooled-film anemometer designed for transient measurements in high temperature fluid flows. This led to TSI’s hot-film and hot-wire anemometers, the first commercial products of this type. These immersion-type devices were used mainly as ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the petroleum industry

    The measurement and control of gas flows in production, refinery, and R&D operations has a direct effect on efficiency, costs, safety, and environmental standards. Sierra mass flow meters and controllers pro- vide direct, fast-response measurement at all levels, to make any opera- tion more effective. Here is a brief summary of the advantages they offer the industry. Direct, Wide-Range ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the primary metals

    Mass flow meters can provide precision measurement and control of proccss gases in many phases of plant operation. They make processes more repeatable and provide greater control over quality and costs. Sierra mass flow meters were designed for these purposes. They can make any plant more cost-effective in several ways: Aluminum Purification: Automated Gas Flow Control The last ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the power industry

    Precise, timely measurement of air, fuel, and gases is one way today's utilities can take action to protect themselves against rising costs and comply with increasingly stringent environmental requirements. Sierra thermal mass flow meters and control systems are designed expressly to fill these needs. They can make utilities more cost-effective in a variety of applications: Real-Time Fuel Line ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • The ‘Swiss Army Knife’ of Mass Flow Controllers

    Did you ever wish your mass flow controller could do it all? You’re not alone. End users ranging from machine builders to laboratory researchers are often faced with the challenge of needing flow measurement and control equipment for a wide variety of applications. Many customers call the SmartTrak 100 mass flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the chemical industry

    Today's chemical plants facc escalating costs and tightening EPA control requirements. Sierra thermal mass flow meters provide the precise, useful data plants need. They can make a significant difference in all the following applications: Greater Control of Gas Flow to Batch Reactors The flow rate of gas to a batch reaction process often varies. The reac- tion rate is high at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Gas Mass Flow Control: Why Thermal Mass Flow Technology is Recommended for Best Accuracy!

    It’s no secret. Price, but perhaps more importantly, performance, drive every new product acquisition you make.  How important is measurement accuracy and control to your lab experiment or industrial process? It’s critical.  If your flow readings are off or the flow is not controlled with precise accuracy your research is compromised, product quality suffers, and processes ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Validation of a mass consistent flow model as part of a decision support system

    In the context of real time (online) decision support systems for nuclear installations, atmospheric dispersion and deposition has to be calculated for a mesoscale area. Typically, the wind field in this area is influenced by topography. Therefore, simple Gaussian type modelling is not appropriate. Initiated and funded by the Bundesamt fur Strahlenschutz, simple (diagnostic mass consistent) flow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the pulp & paper industry

    Rising costs and tighter emission control requirements have created a need for information that is more useful and precise. Sierra thermal mass flow meters fill this need and support cost-effective mill management in die following applications: Increased Boiler Efficiency Mills need to measure the How of combustion air to the recovery or power boiler to provide accurate air flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Sensor design the key advantage in thermal mass flow meter performance

    Immersible thermal sensors arc finding growing acceptance in the gas flow measurement field. By using two Platinum Resistance Temperature Detectors (PRTDs) immersed in a stream of flowing gas, modern thermal flow meters can directly measure mass flow, without the need for temperature or pressure compensation. Thermal meters offer very high turndown, accu- racy and repeatability at an economical ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Mass flow and energy efficiency in a large water reclamation plant in Singapore

    This paper presents the results of a measured data-based mass flow and balance study in UluPandan Water Reclamation Plant (WRP), the second largest municipal wastewater treatment plant in Singapore. The results are benchmarked against the Strass wastewater treatment plant in Austria, which has achieved energy self-efficiency. The gaps between the two plants have been identified and areas for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Introducing a New Paradigm for Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow - White Paper

    Introduction Since the publication of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standard on thermal dispersion mass flowmeters in 2011, there have been major advancements in the technology. A review of that standard and a discussion of technology advancements provide the background to understanding groundbreaking innovations in sensor design. That, along with a comprehensive ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries

    Pharmaceutical and biorech companies can fine-tune costs, quality, and emissions if they are equipped with more effective measurement sys- tems. Sierra mass flow meters and controllers provide precise measure- ment and control designed for process industries. They can make any plant more cost-effective in the following ways: Controlling Gas Flow To Fermenters The flow of gases to ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Differentiation of Mass and Flow Limited Rainfall-Runoff Events for Overland Flow from Small Urban Catchments

    ABSTRACTWater quantity and quality are coupled phenomena in urban rainfall-runoff. These rainfall-runoff quantity and quality relationships have been significantly altered by the built environment and associated anthropogenic activities. Understanding the relationship between quantity and quality of urban overland flow for a given catchment facilitates development of in-situ wet weather control. ...

  • Effect of diffusional mass transfer on the performance of horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands in tropical climate conditions

    The effect of mass transfer on the removal rate constants of BOD5, NH3, NO3 and TKN has been investigated in a Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland (HSSFCW) planted with Phragmites mauritianus. The plug flow model was assumed and the inlet and outlet concentrations were used to determine the observed removal rate constants. Mass transfer effects were studied by assessing the influence ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of relative air/water flow velocity on oxygen mass transfer in gravity sewers

    Problems related to hydrogen sulfide may be serious for both network stakeholders and the public in terms of health, sustainability of the sewer structure and urban comfort. H2S emission models are generally theoretical and simplified in terms of environmental conditions. Although air transport characteristics in sewers must play a role in the fate of hydrogen sulfide, only a limited number of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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