mass flow metering Articles

  • Safety and Noise Tips of Industrial Fans

    When choose industrial fans, the user maybe confused, and do not know which kind is better. While a good industrial fan is not only meeting performance requirements,but also involving safety and noise. Five safety standards for large industrial fans as follow: 1. Check whether the motor head and the whole machine will shake when rotating in low and medium speed gears, especially in high speed ...

  • Capillary Tube Thermal Mass Flow Meters & Controllers - A User`S Guide - White Paper

    Abstract Capillary tube thermal mass flow meters directly measure the mass flow rate of clean gases and gas mixtures in lower flow ranges. A capillary tube thermal mass flow controller adds an integrally mounted flow control valve to the flow body of the mass flow meter and bom monitors the mass flow rate and controls it to be equal to a set-point value selected by the user. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • [Minute Flow Tip Video] Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters - Part 1 Principle of Operation

    Abstract This paper describes an advanced microprocessor-based thermal dispersion mass flow meter that uses four temperature sensing elements in its flow sensor instead of the traditional two elements and has a dry velocity sensor that uses no potting materials instead of the traditional potted velocity sensor. This unique new mass flow meter automatically manages changes in gas selection, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Core technology part 3: thermal--multivariable mass vortex

    In 1997, Sierra Instruments took proven vortex shedding technology to the next level with the launch of the Innova-Mass® Model 240 & Model 241 Multivariable Mass Vortex Flow Meter. Sierra was the first to offer this unique solution for measuring the mass flow of gases, liquids and steam. Vortex shedding flow meters have been in use for many years. The typical device is a flanged in-line ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • New Developments in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters: In-The-Field Compensation for Changes in Natural Gas Composition

    Introduction The flow of natural gas in pipelines is often complicated by changes in the composition of the gas. The method described in this paper solves the problem of variable composition via a new four-temperature mass flow sensor. The new (low sensor feeds its measurements into the algorithms of an advanced mathematical model that includes gas properties in its calculations. The method ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Increase biogas production, aeration basin efficiency with the right flow meter

    In our competitive economic climate, many plant operators have a mandate to tune their plant’s performance by efficiently using biogas in cogeneration processes and increasing aeration basin efficiency, both of which can save thousands of dollars in the critical secondary stages of wastewater treatment. In many cases, these facilities are retrofitting with new flow measurement ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters - Part 2 Installation and Flow Calibration

    Abstract Part 1 of this two-part series describes the principle of operation of a new microprocessor-based thermal dispersion mass flow meter that uses four temperature sensing elements in its flow sensor and has a dry velocity sensor. Part 1 shows how this unique system provides automatic management of changes in gas selection, gas temperature, gas pressure, and outside temperature. This ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How Does a Thermal Flowmeter Work?

    A thermal flowmeter works by measuring the total mass flow rate of a fluid flowing through a pipe or duct. In a thermal flowmeter’s simplest working configuration, fluid flows past a heated thermal sensor and a temperature sensor. As the molecules of the fluid flow past the heated thermal sensor, heat is lost to the flowing fluid. The thermal sensor cools down while the temperature sensor ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • It’s a sensor game

    From Sierra’s beginning over 40 years ago, founder Dr. John G. Olin was driven by the vision of supplying industrial customers with the world’s most accurate mass flow meter. And, he knew it was a ‘sensor’ game. With a background – and Ph.D. – in mechanical engineering and specialised in fluid mechanics and heat transfer, Olin was a driven innovator and ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Thermal mass flow meter for Compressed air solution - Case study

    iCenta delivered the IC-MCF Air Flow Meter complete with ancillary accessories. The IC-MCF air flow meter is indispensable for managing energy use with compressed air / nitrogen up to 12000 L/min (normal). The inexpensive mass flow meter provides precision and wide rangeability as a result of being micro-machined, integration of a micro-flow sensor and advanced channel-design technology. The ...


    By iCenta Controls Ltd

  • Mass flow sensing improves leak test efficiency

    Mass flow meters reduce risk of measurement error and provide a reliable, quantitative measurement of product quality and production process control. In the leak testing application, mass flow meters offer advantages unmatched by other instruments. Today, leak testing must be not only precise, accurate and irrefutable, but also easy-to-use, fast and efficient. With mass flow sensing, dry air ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Bunker disputes avoided by using coriolis meters - Case study

    Coriolis meters are being used in the shipping industry to give true volume of fuel being delivered and to avoid bunker disputes due to aeration of fuel, known as the ‘Cappuccino’ effect MORE INFORMATION Fuel suppliers sometimes introduce air intentionally into marine fuel during ...


    By iCenta Controls Ltd

  • Providing Precision Flow Control Solutions for Critical Biomolecular Research

    When scientists at the University of Nottingham’s Centre for Biomolecular Sciences (CBS) in the United Kingdom needed instrumentation to control the flow of gases in their research, they turned to Litre Meter, a UK distributor for Sierra Instruments, and the SmartTrak 100 series mass flow meters and ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Reducing the threat of carbon soot – Case Study

    The U.S. government now recognizes that black carbon soot is the number two cause of climate change and the most important component of air pollution affecting our public health. This soot, caused mainly by the burning of fossil fuels and firewood, is often found in huge smog-like plumes known as "atmospheric brown clouds." According to a report commissioned by the U.N. Environment Program, this ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Industrial thermal mass flow meters Pt.1 -Pt.2 - measurement & control

    An industrial thermal mass flowmeter measures either the mass velocity at a point in a flowing gas or the total mass flow rate through a channel or pipe. Figure 1 shows a typical thermal mass flow sensing element. It consists of two sensors: a mass flow sensor and a temperature sensor, which automatically corrects for changes in gas temperature. Both sensors are reference- grade platinum ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Gas Mass Flow Metering - Innovations Promise More Economical Choices- White Paper

    Introduction As the drive towards energy independence in the United States continues at full speed, oil and gas companies are turning to hydraulic fracturing to increase production. Increasingly stringent state and national regulations for flare gas in particular now require the installation of mass flow measurement instruments to measure waste and excess gases burned off as a result ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Tech Note: Flare Gas Measurement Innovation; Retain Flow Metering Accuracy Even if Gas Composition Changes

    It’s a fact oil wells almost always produce natural gas along with the petroleum. Nine times out of ten, the excess gas (typically hydrocarbons) is flared off or simply vented as-is during upset conditions in the process. The environmental impacts of “flaring” this excess gas into our atmosphere has resulted in government regulations like 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (also ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Primary Standard Gas Flow Calibration—The Only Guarantee of Accuracy

    At Sierra, we have a saying: “An instrument’s accuracy is only as good as its calibration.” The accuracy of your mass flow controller (MFC) is essential in assuring the efficiency, performance, and quality of your flow meter. In many cases, if your instrumentation is not calibrated, then a decline in performance is possible due to ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

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