material analysis Articles

  • Waste materials are an underused resource the construction of Europe`s roads

    Recycled waste material could play a major role in the construction of roads in Europe, bringing both environmental and economic benefits. A new study proposes a scenario where 50% of the asphalt for Europe's roads consists of recycled materials, leading to significant reductions in costs, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. According to the European Waste Framework Directive, there is a ...


    By European Commission

  • Thermal Analysis of Medical Materials

    Thermal analysis offers an accurate and cost-effective way to test materials that will be used for medical purposes. In a new live presentation, METTLER TOLEDO experts will review the benefits of various thermal analysis methods commonly used to test the properties, characteristics, and safety of potentially lifesaving new materials. METTLER TOLEDO is pleased to present ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Online Chemical Oxygen Demand for Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    A wide variety of products are made in the chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries, that require large volumes of chemicals, materials, and substances that are used throughout process operations. Waste water from these facilities typically include contaminants, toxins, nutrients, and organic content that presents challenges with regards to treatment. A major UK based chemical ...


    By MANTECH

  • Ferrous Wear Metal Measurement Made Easy with the FerroCheck

    Historically, one of the most cost-effective indicators of machinery health has been the analysis of ferrous debris in oil. Such analysis utilizes the ferromagnetic properties of generated debris to perform the analysis. Since nearly all wear debris contains ferrous material (in particular iron), an abnormal increase in the amount of debris can be directly correlated to abnormal machinery ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Optimizing Wind and Solar Power in Africa

    Editor's Note: The following is a news release authored by Julie Chao and issued by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory on April 5, 2017 To meet skyrocketing demand for electricity, African countries may have to triple their energy output by 2030. While hydropower and fossil fuel power plants are favored approaches in some quarters, a new assessment by the Department of Energy’s Lawrence ...


    By Smart Grid Observer

  • Material flow analysis of pollutants in Taiwan

    We present a material flow analysis (MFA) of biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and suspended solids (SS) in estuaries located on the northern and southern coasts of Taiwan. Using data from 1992–2000, we examine human economic activities in each watershed to predict associated pollutant flows. This estimate is compared to data collected at monitoring stations. The ratio allows us to calculate each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Compositional analysis of baled output material case study

    Challenge: Client designing a new sophisticated sorting plant utilising automated NIR sorting technology in order to increase separation and throughput. Compositional analysis required on infeed material and bulk density calculations of each material category. Axion Solution: Axion sorted baled material into different ...

  • Material flows analysis of construction aggregates in Taiwan

    Recent decades of economic and industrial development have accelerated the demand for and use of construction aggregates in Taiwan. Material Flows Analysis (MFA), the most common analysis tool of the scientific field of industrial ecology, was employed in this study. The study calculated, within a decade period, the deposits, domestic production, demand, import, export, per capita and per unit ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Benefit-cost analysis of Automotive Lightweighting Material projects

    This paper presents benefit-cost analyses for three R&D projects funded by the Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program of the US Department of Energy: design and product optimisation for cast light metals; durability of lightweight composite structures; and rapid tooling for functional prototyping of metal mould processes. Market penetration rates for new technologies from these projects were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Secondary materials transfer from Japan to China: destination analysis

    China has been the largest importer of secondary materials for recycling from Japan during the past decade. In this study, we analyzed the transfer of major secondary materials (plastic, steel, copper, and aluminum scrap) from Japan to China. We identified specific destinations for secondary materials, and the characteristics of secondary materials transferred to China. The major destination for ...


    By Springer

  • Sustainability analysis of rapid prototyping: material/resource and process perspectives

    Sustainability of rapid prototyping (RP) depends on both model–building materials (wooden–materials, photo–resins, etc.) and model–building processes (additive processes - SLA, SLS, etc.; and subtractive processes - e.g., wood–sawing). In this study, a sustainability index is developed for RP processes, and this index incorporates such sustainability factors as volumetric quantity of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EDXRF Analysis of Lead, Cadmium, Silver, Copper in Lead-Free Solder Materials

    X-ray fluorescence analysis can be used to quickly and easily analyze samples in solid, powder, and liquid states nondestructively, and is therefore widely used as a screening technique for compliance with the RoHS/ELV directives. A large amount of lead-free solder is used for surface-mount circuit boards. Here we evaluated the sensitivity of analysis of Pb, Cd, Ag, and Cu in lead-free solder ...

  • Material History — The Past of Materials Read with X-Ray

    By using fluorescent X-ray, we can read out the past information hidden in a material. This lecture explained X-ray fluorescent analysis using synchrotron radiation by referring to the identification for the Wakayama Poisoned Curry Murder Case, presumption of origins of ceramic ware, and research on plants that absorb and accumulate toxic arsenic from the environment, as ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Towards sustainable society: from materialism to post-materialism

    Finnish university students (n = 198) assessed their attitudes and achievements in implementation of sustainable development in their daily life. The data were collected using a theory-grounded semantic differential technique. A measurement instrument was created by balancing 36 variables of environmental, economic and social sustainability. As a result of logistic regression analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparative analysis of building materials for sustainable construction with emphasis on CO2 reduction

    Building contributes almost 40% of CO2 emissions and is a major contributor to the green house gas (GHG) emissions. Different types of construction materials possess a wide variation of embodied energy and emit CO2 at different magnitudes during its life cycle. Selection of appropriate construction materials can considerably cut down ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sample Preparation of Glass and Ceramic Materials for Atomic Absorption Analysis

    The analysis of silicate-based glass and ceramics has always been a moderately difficult job, since the components that comprise the glass are usually not stable together in solution. For example, most typical acidic digestions that solubilize silicon will cause calcium fluoride to precipitate. If no fluoride is present, the silicon will not be fully decomposed, and if the solution is heated, ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • 2015 Chinese resources of waste & waste materials recycling and processing industry Analysis

    China resources of waste and waste materials recycling and processing industry, 2015 is valuable for anyone who wants to invest in the resources of waste and waste materials recycling and processing industry, to get Chinese investments; to import into China or export from China, to build factories and take advantage of lower costs in China, to partner with one of the key Chinese corporations, to ...

  • Exergy analysis of construction material manufacturing processes and assessment of their improvement potentials

    This study presents the application of exergy analysis in assessing how effectively resources are utilised in construction material manufacturing. The role of exergy is discussed from several key perspectives such as quality, energy conservation and process improvement potentials. Both primary and secondary processes (recycling) of nine major non–renewable construction materials (steel, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Playing Dirty: Analysis of hazardous chemicals and materials in games consoles

    The use of hazardous chemicals and materials in electronic products is widespread. Despite some recent improvements – a result of a combination of legal restrictions in some parts of the world, and voluntary action by companies – many devices still contain a variety of hazardous substances. These include chemicals which fall outside current legislative controls, as highlighted in recent studies ...


    By Greenpeace International

  • Material flow accounting of Spain

    Material throughput is a means of measuring the so-called social metabolism, or physical dimensions of a society's consumption, and can be taken as an indirect and approximate indicator of sustainability. Material flow accounting can be used to test the dematerialisation hypothesis, the idea that technological progress causes a decrease in total material used (strong dematerialisation) or ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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