material analysis Articles

  • Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water ...


    By MANTECH

  • Thermal Analysis of Medical Materials

    Thermal analysis offers an accurate and cost-effective way to test materials that will be used for medical purposes. In a new live presentation, METTLER TOLEDO experts will review the benefits of various thermal analysis methods commonly used to test the properties, characteristics, and safety of potentially lifesaving new materials. METTLER TOLEDO is pleased to present ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Influence of the Stirring Mechanism on the Precision of the Fusion for VITRIOX GAS and ELECTRIC

    Introduction Homogenization of the melt is an important aspect of sample preparation for X-ray fluorescence analysis using fusion. Whether the fused bead breaks or remains mechanically stable after cooling, depends largely on the homogenization. Once a stable fused bead has been obtained, it is only possible to judge if the sample is truly homogeneously dissolved in the flux by way of ...


    By Fluxana GmbH Co. KG

  • Material flow analysis of pollutants in Taiwan

    We present a material flow analysis (MFA) of biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and suspended solids (SS) in estuaries located on the northern and southern coasts of Taiwan. Using data from 1992–2000, we examine human economic activities in each watershed to predict associated pollutant flows. This estimate is compared to data collected at monitoring stations. The ratio allows us to calculate each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material flows analysis of construction aggregates in Taiwan

    Recent decades of economic and industrial development have accelerated the demand for and use of construction aggregates in Taiwan. Material Flows Analysis (MFA), the most common analysis tool of the scientific field of industrial ecology, was employed in this study. The study calculated, within a decade period, the deposits, domestic production, demand, import, export, per capita and per unit ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Compositional analysis of baled output material case study

    Challenge: Client designing a new sophisticated sorting plant utilising automated NIR sorting technology in order to increase separation and throughput. Compositional analysis required on infeed material and bulk density calculations of each material category. Axion Solution: Axion sorted baled material into different ...

  • Benefit-cost analysis of Automotive Lightweighting Material projects

    This paper presents benefit-cost analyses for three R&D projects funded by the Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program of the US Department of Energy: design and product optimisation for cast light metals; durability of lightweight composite structures; and rapid tooling for functional prototyping of metal mould processes. Market penetration rates for new technologies from these projects were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainability analysis of rapid prototyping: material/resource and process perspectives

    Sustainability of rapid prototyping (RP) depends on both model–building materials (wooden–materials, photo–resins, etc.) and model–building processes (additive processes - SLA, SLS, etc.; and subtractive processes - e.g., wood–sawing). In this study, a sustainability index is developed for RP processes, and this index incorporates such sustainability factors as volumetric quantity of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Secondary materials transfer from Japan to China: destination analysis

    China has been the largest importer of secondary materials for recycling from Japan during the past decade. In this study, we analyzed the transfer of major secondary materials (plastic, steel, copper, and aluminum scrap) from Japan to China. We identified specific destinations for secondary materials, and the characteristics of secondary materials transferred to China. The major destination for ...


    By Springer

  • EDXRF Analysis of Lead, Cadmium, Silver, Copper in Lead-Free Solder Materials

    X-ray fluorescence analysis can be used to quickly and easily analyze samples in solid, powder, and liquid states nondestructively, and is therefore widely used as a screening technique for compliance with the RoHS/ELV directives. A large amount of lead-free solder is used for surface-mount circuit boards. Here we evaluated the sensitivity of analysis of Pb, Cd, Ag, and Cu in lead-free solder ...

  • Sample Preparation of Glass and Ceramic Materials for Atomic Absorption Analysis

    The analysis of silicate-based glass and ceramics has always been a moderately difficult job, since the components that comprise the glass are usually not stable together in solution. For example, most typical acidic digestions that solubilize silicon will cause calcium fluoride to precipitate. If no fluoride is present, the silicon will not be fully decomposed, and if the solution is heated, ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Playing Dirty: Analysis of hazardous chemicals and materials in games consoles

    The use of hazardous chemicals and materials in electronic products is widespread. Despite some recent improvements – a result of a combination of legal restrictions in some parts of the world, and voluntary action by companies – many devices still contain a variety of hazardous substances. These include chemicals which fall outside current legislative controls, as highlighted in recent studies ...


    By Greenpeace International

  • Exergy analysis of construction material manufacturing processes and assessment of their improvement potentials

    This study presents the application of exergy analysis in assessing how effectively resources are utilised in construction material manufacturing. The role of exergy is discussed from several key perspectives such as quality, energy conservation and process improvement potentials. Both primary and secondary processes (recycling) of nine major non–renewable construction materials (steel, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 2015 Chinese resources of waste & waste materials recycling and processing industry Analysis

    China resources of waste and waste materials recycling and processing industry, 2015 is valuable for anyone who wants to invest in the resources of waste and waste materials recycling and processing industry, to get Chinese investments; to import into China or export from China, to build factories and take advantage of lower costs in China, to partner with one of the key Chinese corporations, to ...


  • A comparative analysis of building materials for sustainable construction with emphasis on CO2 reduction

    Building contributes almost 40% of CO2 emissions and is a major contributor to the green house gas (GHG) emissions. Different types of construction materials possess a wide variation of embodied energy and emit CO2 at different magnitudes during its life cycle. Selection of appropriate construction materials can considerably cut down ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material History — The Past of Materials Read with X-Ray

    By using fluorescent X-ray, we can read out the past information hidden in a material. This lecture explained X-ray fluorescent analysis using synchrotron radiation by referring to the identification for the Wakayama Poisoned Curry Murder Case, presumption of origins of ceramic ware, and research on plants that absorb and accumulate toxic arsenic from the environment, as ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Towards sustainable society: from materialism to post-materialism

    Finnish university students (n = 198) assessed their attitudes and achievements in implementation of sustainable development in their daily life. The data were collected using a theory-grounded semantic differential technique. A measurement instrument was created by balancing 36 variables of environmental, economic and social sustainability. As a result of logistic regression analysis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material flow accounting of Spain

    Material throughput is a means of measuring the so-called social metabolism, or physical dimensions of a society's consumption, and can be taken as an indirect and approximate indicator of sustainability. Material flow accounting can be used to test the dematerialisation hypothesis, the idea that technological progress causes a decrease in total material used (strong dematerialisation) or ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • When is material ‘spent?

    The definition of solid waste has been frequently tested in the courts. A recent court decision provides new guidance on this meaning, and might have made things tougher for well-meaning enterprises. The definition of a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is nearly impossible to understand. A recent court ruling has not helped eliminate confusion and, some ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Positron annihilation rates in materials

    The study of positron annihilation rate is one subject of a relatively new method of material structure analysis ? positron annihilation spectroscopy. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) films have been studied by positron annihilation rate measurement. The correlation between annihilation rates and the PET film thickness was established. Similar studies were carried out for aluminium foils and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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