material analysis Articles

  • Economy-wide material flow indicators in the Czech Republic: trends, decoupling analysis and uncertainties

    Material and energy flows (together with human appropriation of land) are considered the key cause of environmental problems. This paper describes the application of economy-wide material flow accounting and analysis to the economy of the Czech Republic for 1990-2002. The results show a decrease of material intensity and decoupling of the economic growth from environmental pressure. The second ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)

    About GPR Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-invasive method of material analysis based on transmitting an ultra wide band EM signal into the materials. A part of the EM wave is reflected when it reaches a boundary between two materials with different electrical properties. The reflected signal gets recorded at the source of the EM wave and is displayed for the operator and ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Bridging the gap to economic analysis: economic tools for industrial ecology

    A number of approaches have been suggested to combine MFA or LCA with economic analyses in order to build integrated models for development and evaluation of industrial ecology related strategies. This paper provides a systematic review in vision of a comprehensive modelling framework. It is focused on models using Process-based MFA either as modelling framework to integrate economic models or as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Policies to promote sustainable consumption: framework for a future-oriented evaluation

    Governments are today developing policies to promote Sustainable Consumption (SC), yet policy makers face many uncertainties about policy impacts. These include uncertainties about how policy instruments influence consumption patterns and about the impact of changes in consumption patterns on ecological, social and economic sustainability. An assessment of such impacts must account for the fact ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of the material flow analysis method for evaluating Strategic Sanitation Plan in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Fada N'Gourma–Burkina Faso

    In the context of rapid urbanization across Sub-Saharan Africa there is a critical need for more robust decision-making between different ways of providing sanitation services in existing and new peri-urban areas. In several countries, authorities tried to find solutions by developing strategies to address sanitation problems in the form of Strategic Sanitation Plans. In Burkina, Strategic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A New Resource for Explosion Exceedance

    There are about 2 major explosions around the world every year in the refinery and petrochemical industry. The effects can be devastating, causing fatalities and significant economic losses. Often the fatalities and many of the serious injuries occur inside buildings on the site. At any particular refinery unit, the likelihood of a major explosion is about 1 in 2,000 years [Ref. 1]. The explosion ...


    By Risktec Solutions

  • The Postmodern Sanitation: agro-sanitation business model as a new policy

    This article proposes a Postmodern Sanitation concept, based on discussions such as what is necessary to solve the world's current sanitation issues and what are the limitations of the current sanitation concept. The proposed policies of the Postmodern Sanitation concept are: (1) to discuss a sanitation value chain that creates and adds value to human excreta, and products made from human ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quality Control

    As we all know, quality is the life of an enterprise. ZECO and every employee of ZECO attach great importance to quality requirements because of its corporate culture. We have developed an excellent quality process flow, which can guarantee excellent qualified rate from the material analysis, physical performance test, aging treatment before processing, dimension test after processing, the ...


    By ZhengFeng Valve Group

  • Positron annihilation rates in materials

    The study of positron annihilation rate is one subject of a relatively new method of material structure analysis ? positron annihilation spectroscopy. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) films have been studied by positron annihilation rate measurement. The correlation between annihilation rates and the PET film thickness was established. Similar studies were carried out for aluminium foils and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material flows of end-of-life home appliances in Japan

    In Japan, the Law for the Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances came into effect in April 2001. This law aims to introduce appropriate waste treatment and promote the efficient use of resources so that we can achieve a sound material-cycle society. The law introduces a new framework for recycling that places obligations principally on the manufacturers and retailers of home appliances. ...


    By Springer

  • A survey of material flows in economic models

    Various types of economic model address environmental problems. This article examines whether these can be applied to the analysis of material flows. It is important to know which types of model are most suitable to deal with particular economic, environmental or physical aspects of material flows. For this purpose five main categories of models are considered, namely economic models of natural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material flow accounting of Spain

    Material throughput is a means of measuring the so-called social metabolism, or physical dimensions of a society's consumption, and can be taken as an indirect and approximate indicator of sustainability. Material flow accounting can be used to test the dematerialisation hypothesis, the idea that technological progress causes a decrease in total material used (strong dematerialisation) or ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Globalisation and rural poverty in Latin America: modelling the links to soil degradation

    The main objective of this paper is to present a framework to evaluate the impact of globalisation on poor farmers. We present a dynamic ecological-economic model that can be used to quantify the impact of globalisation on farmers' income and the quality of their natural resource base. The model combines material flux analysis with economic behavioural relationships. It allows for: (i) measuring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Feasibility Study on Active Disassembly Using Smart Materials-Preliminary Analysis of Plastics Dominated Products

    Active disassembly using smart materials’ (ASDM) is a relatively new technology. Extensive tests have shown that the technology works. Analysis of product categories has indicated that within the plastics dominated products group lies the potential for significant gains from employing ASDM. In contrast, the application of other ‘end-of-life’ (EoL) scenarios (shredding and separation or manual ...

  • Material flow analysis of pollutants in Taiwan

    We present a material flow analysis (MFA) of biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and suspended solids (SS) in estuaries located on the northern and southern coasts of Taiwan. Using data from 1992–2000, we examine human economic activities in each watershed to predict associated pollutant flows. This estimate is compared to data collected at monitoring stations. The ratio allows us to calculate each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material flow analysis, TMR and the MIPS concept: a contribution to the development of indicators for measuring changes in consumption and production patterns

    It is not the scarcity of resources that constitutes environmental problems, but their use, the physical throughput of our economies. Material flows are a proxy for the totality of the unspecific environmental risks from human activities. As a strategic goal, an increase of the life-cycle-wide resource productivity by a factor 10 is suggested, including the materials bought and sold and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermal Analysis of Medical Materials

    Thermal analysis offers an accurate and cost-effective way to test materials that will be used for medical purposes. In a new live presentation, METTLER TOLEDO experts will review the benefits of various thermal analysis methods commonly used to test the properties, characteristics, and safety of potentially lifesaving new materials. METTLER TOLEDO is pleased to present ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Mechanical biological treatment for municipal solid waste

    A major portion of municipal solid waste (MSW) is dumped in unsanitary landfills in India. To protect the environment, there is an urgent need to develop a technology which could handle the increasing MSW quantities and enhance resource recovery. Mechanical biological treatment (MBT) is considered a potential method for dealing with heterogenous MSW. Proper mechanical sorting can make the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Material flows analysis of construction aggregates in Taiwan

    Recent decades of economic and industrial development have accelerated the demand for and use of construction aggregates in Taiwan. Material Flows Analysis (MFA), the most common analysis tool of the scientific field of industrial ecology, was employed in this study. The study calculated, within a decade period, the deposits, domestic production, demand, import, export, per capita and per unit ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Changing technology perceptions

    Industrial Ecology (IE) offers a systems approach to the analysis of materials and energy flows, based upon an analogy of ecological and industrial systems. The goal is to transfer the principles of natural ecological systems into an industrial context. What seemed straightforward in the beginning implies, however, an ambivalence that culminates in the question whether IE is a natural science and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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