measure α surface contamination Articles

  • Alpha Factors in Full-Scale Wastewater Aeration Systems

    ABSTRACTSurface active agents depress gas transfer at gas-liquid interfaces. They are present as measurable trace contaminants at all environmental and at most industrial gas-liquid interfaces. This paper presents the results of several studies, including lab and full scale studies that show the depression of gas transfer, usually quantified by the alpha factor, can be related to the Reynolds ...

  • Theory to Practice: Oxygen Transfer and the New ASCE Standard

    ABSTRACTOxygen transfer is an important part of wastewater treatment and accounts for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Prior to 1984, no standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer existed, which created problems in the design and warranties for treatment plants. The ASCE Standard for the Measurement of Oxygen Transfer in Clean Water and the ASCE ...

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