measure wind speed Articles

  • Wind measurement with high speed train operations, China - Case Study

    The compact weather stations WS500-UMB and WS600-UMB from Lufft provides reliable wind measurements along high speed rail lines in China. As the trains travel at speeds of up to 400 km/h, wind speed-dependent control of train speeds is essential. For this purpose, wind measurement stations like the WS500-UMB and WS600-UMB are installed at 5 km intervals along the track. Measurement data are ...

  • Verification of wind energy related measurements with a SODAR system

    Abstract Complex terrain and growing wind energy converters (WEC) in wind parks generate increasing interest in determining wind profiles and turbulence besides the general forecast of annual energy production. Increasing hub heights and growing rotor diameters of advanced WEC make SODAR systems a valuable alternative to meteorological towers. SODAR systems provide wind profiles as well as ...

  • Dependence of street canyon concentrations on above-roof wind speed - implications for numerical modelling

    For microscale numerical modelling of street canyon air pollution, the traffic-related component of the total ambient pollutant concentration is often assumed to be inversely dependent on the wind-speed at rooftops for idealised conditions of neutral stratification, no solar radiation, and no traffic-induced turbulence. Detailed data analyses of two comprehensive datasets from Gottinger Strase ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurements of wind-induced loss of solid precipitation: description of a Norwegian field study

    Precipitation measurements have a well-documented and mostly wind-dependent bias which is especially apparent during solid precipitation events. The resulting inaccuracy in precipitation data remains an area of concern in quantifying regional and global climate trends. As a high-latitude country, Norway has many solid precipitation events often accompanied by high wind speeds where the current ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Intrinsically safe ultrasonic wind sensor

    The Gill Instruments Intrinsically Safe WindObserver™ is an ultrasonic wind sensor, developed specifically for use in hazardous areas and in particular for offshore applications. The sensor has no moving parts, utilising Gill Instruments’ advanced ultrasonic measurement technology to accurately monitor wind speed and direction. Approved to EEx ia IIC T5, this ultrasonic wind sensor is a ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • What are the advantages of ultrasonic wind sensors?

    Whether mechanical, ultrasonic or laser wind measurements: All measuring methods have technical limits. While for mechanical wind sensors the measuring element – cups and vanes – itself predominantly produces a disturbance in the flow field, for ultrasonic anemometers a disturbance can be caused by the sensor holder or housing construction. Only optical methods, e.g. LDA (Laser ...

  • Solar/wind power for noise monitoring terminals

    Solar Power Solutions A noise monitoring terminal’s (NMT) low power consumption and its ability to operate fully without power hungry cooling and heating units inside its enclosure mean that it is suitable for power from solar panels. The NMT may be continuously powered by battery which in turn is kept charged via solar energy. This solution is most appropriate in areas where there ...

  • Wind Tunnel Balance System for Vehicle Aerodynamic Developments

    In vehicle development steps, optimization of aerodynamic properties is often carried out in wind tunnel facilities. The vehicle is placed upon the measuring platform of the balance. The wind tunnel balance now allows the precise measurement of six forces and moments induced by the air flow. The HORIBA wind tunnel balance system can be equipped with a moving ground system which makes the air flow ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Taking wind into account in the design of waste stabilisation ponds

    Up to now, most investigations on the dependency of the fluid flow patterns and performance of waste stabilisation ponds (WSPs) on wind speed and direction and pond layout have been performed using 2D and 3D CFD steady state isothermal models. 3D non steady state models integrating thermal processes and boundary conditions taking into account the full influence of meteorological factors are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hourly NOx concentrations and wind direction in the vicinity of a street intersection

    This study relates NOxconcentrations and wind (speed and direction) measured inside an asymmetric street canyon, with ambient wind. The monitoring site is located near a street intersection. The wind measured at the domestic airport located in the city, near the coast, has been considered as ambient wind. Wind direction at the monitoring site inside the canyon is mainly from the E, NE, W and NW ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Weather measurement in extreme conditions - Whistler Mountain - Case Study

    Whistler Blackcomb mountain is a premiere winter resort in British Columbia Canada. Some months ago our subsidiary "LufftUSA" installed the first Ventus-UMB ultrasonic anemometer atop a main ski lift on the Whistler mountain. The first winter storm passed leaving the entire mountain and all mechanical equipment covered in snow and ice... except the Ventus-UMB. The Ventus-UMB continued to give ...

  • Applying hourly measurements of meteorological data and aerosol soluble ions in Taipei Basin, Taiwan

    This study applies observational data composed of hourly weather and aerosol to discuss the aerosol characteristics within different weather systems. Based on cluster analysis, spring weather in Taipei Basin 2004 was characterised as five weather systems: humid/low south wind speed, dry cold/high east wind speed, humid cold/east wind, dry cold/northeaster, and northwestern convection wind. Under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring SO2 ship emissions with an ultraviolet imaging camera

    Over the last few years fast-sampling ultraviolet (UV) imaging cameras have been developed for use in measuring SO2 emissions from industrial sources (e.g. power plants; typical emission rates ~ 1–10 kg s−1) and natural sources (e.g. volcanoes; typical emission rates ~ 10–100 kg s−1). Generally, measurements have been made from sources rich in SO2 with high concentrations ...

  • Case study - Precipitation measurement in high mountains - Aosta Valley

    Precipitation monitoring in remote areas without infrastructure was thought to be impossible in Aosta Valley, Italy. All the more challenging was the task to install a measuring site on the Peak CIMO Blanche with its height of 3000 meters (just shy of 10,000 feet), located near the famous Matterhorn.  The measuring site needed to withstand the extreme weather conditions that comes with ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • The regularity of wind-induced sediment resuspension in Meiliang Bay of Lake Taihu

    Contaminants released by wind-induced sediment resuspension could influence the water quality in shallow lakes. This study aims to reveal the quantitative relationship between wind speed (v) and sediment resuspension rate (r) in Meiliang Bay of Lake Taihu. The study was conducted in three steps. First, the in situ wind speed and current velocity were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air Flow Meters to Measure Air Velocity and Air Pressure

    Air flow meters are used to measure air velocity and air pressure. Depending on the type of application, air flow meters are made as hot-wire air flow meters or pocket weather flow meters, both of which can measure air velocity and air pressure. The results of measuring the air velocity can be stored in the memory of the device depending on the model. There are even data loggers for air velocity ...


    By PCE Instruments

  • Surface ozone measurements and meteorological influences in the urban atmosphere of Istanbul

    Hourly measurements of ozone concentration in the urban atmosphere of Istanbul were carried out from February 1998 to July 1999. An assessment of the annual variations and relationships of ozone concentrations and meteorological variables was made. Annual variations were first examined without considering meteorological variables, and meteorological influences on ozone seasonal values were then ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • WRF evaluation exercise using open sea in situ measurements

    This work regards a model evaluation exercise concerning the WRF meteorological model and in situ measurements collected both over land, at four WMO meteorological stations, and over open sea, by ODAS Italia 1, the only spar buoy in the Mediterranean Sea. In particular, this exercise is finalised to understand the ability of the model to act as meteorological pre–processor to simulate aerosol ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Helplessly exposed to nature? How lightning storms can be measured

    Each day, there occur about 1,000 thunderstorms with 4-10 million lightning bolts worldwide. In average, 700 people per year are hit by such light discharges, of which 75% of the hits result in long-term damages. Between three and seven cases end fatal. The risk is particularly high in the open field and is fortunately decreasing. The reason for this is that we stay more often inside in cars and ...

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