measure wind speed Articles

  • Wind Energy Production Estimates: Moving Beyond Time Averages

    No need to be a statistician to see that averages are often useful to compare different things. And yet, they often fall short as a true measure of performance. For instance, we use averages to compare the current weather against the climate normals or to get a sense of how our favorite sport team or player is doing. Team (player) statistics are a concise way of combining the scores from many ...


    By AWS Truepower, LLC

  • Measuring Offshore Wind Resources

    To select the right offshore wind site, estimate the future energy output of a wind farm, and determine the best layout for the turbines, project developers must conduct wind resource assessment (WRA) campaigns on site. This is a critical phase of the successful development of wind farms. WRA campaigns on terrestrial sites have traditionally been performed using meteorological towers equipped ...


    By Renewable NRG Systems

  • ´More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.´ – the NYS Mesonet

    “More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.” – that’s the slogan of New York State Mesonet. The weather observation network consists of a total of 125 weather stations all over the state of New York and Lufft was selected as one of the vendors to support them in capturing the data. All 125 of the weathers stations have the standard instrumentation suite. Of those 125, 17 ...

  • On the probabilistic distribution of wind speeds: theoretical development and comparison with data

    The probabilistic distributions of wind speed are a critical piece of information needed in the assessment of wind-energy potential, and have been conventionally described by various empirical correlations. Among the empirical correlations, the Weibull distribution has been most popular due to its ability to fit most accurately the variety of wind-speed data measured at different geographical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Verification of wind energy related measurements with a SODAR system

    Abstract Complex terrain and growing wind energy converters (WEC) in wind parks generate increasing interest in determining wind profiles and turbulence besides the general forecast of annual energy production. Increasing hub heights and growing rotor diameters of advanced WEC make SODAR systems a valuable alternative to meteorological towers. SODAR systems provide wind profiles as well as ...

  • Dependence of street canyon concentrations on above-roof wind speed - implications for numerical modelling

    For microscale numerical modelling of street canyon air pollution, the traffic-related component of the total ambient pollutant concentration is often assumed to be inversely dependent on the wind-speed at rooftops for idealised conditions of neutral stratification, no solar radiation, and no traffic-induced turbulence. Detailed data analyses of two comprehensive datasets from Gottinger Strase ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurements of wind-induced loss of solid precipitation: description of a Norwegian field study

    Precipitation measurements have a well-documented and mostly wind-dependent bias which is especially apparent during solid precipitation events. The resulting inaccuracy in precipitation data remains an area of concern in quantifying regional and global climate trends. As a high-latitude country, Norway has many solid precipitation events often accompanied by high wind speeds where the current ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Amassing Wind Information

    Wind is a variable resource, but not an indecipherable one. Second Wind encourages harnessing the full range of wind sensing technologies that are available today. When it comes to wind information, much attention is focused on the choice of wind measurement technology and data collection practices in wind resource assessment and project design. Right now, wind data plays a limited role in the ...


  • Weather claims and wind safety

    Anybody working in the construction industry either here in the UK or anywhere else in the world is likely to know that the weather can present us with particular hazards. While rain, ice and snow are particularly dangerous to work in, we must always be aware that the wind is also likely to make conditions unsafe, particularly for those who work at height and those who ...

  • Wind turbine controlling of the future

    Higher, more robust, more reliable: Parallel to the growing requirements for wind turbines, the requirements for monitoring sensors grow as well. But how can wind sensor manufacturers fulfil these wishes? And how should a future wind sensors look like? After analysing the current conditions and trends on the wind energy market, our CEO Klaus Hirzel compiled a wish list for future wind sensors. ...

  • EPA wind farm project for open space and site noise evaluation and measurement criteria

    EPA is a Cabinet level executive agency responsible for protecting and conserving the environment in the Republic of China including air quality, noise control, monitoring and inspection of the environment, solid waste, recycling, sustainable development and international cooperation. It is led by the Minister for Environment, Stephen Shu-hung Shen. The Environmental Protection Agency has evolved ...

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...

  • Intrinsically safe ultrasonic wind sensor

    The Gill Instruments Intrinsically Safe WindObserver™ is an ultrasonic wind sensor, developed specifically for use in hazardous areas and in particular for offshore applications. The sensor has no moving parts, utilising Gill Instruments’ advanced ultrasonic measurement technology to accurately monitor wind speed and direction. Approved to EEx ia IIC T5, this ultrasonic wind sensor is a ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • Reducing avian collisions with wind turbines

    Wind is an important renewable energy source for Europe. The wind power capacity installed in 2014 could produce enough electricity to meet over 10% of the EU’s electricity consumption. However, wind power structures can also be harmful to birds, which can collide with turbines. This study assessed methods of reducing avian collisions with wind turbines and makes several practical ...

  • Animation: How Wind Turbines Work

    The windmill, which converts wind into rotational energy to mill grain or pump water, has been around since antiquity. It’s even been claimed that Ancient Babylonians planned to harness wind as early as almost 4,000 years ago, as part of a scheme for one of Hammurabi’s ambitious irrigation projects. By the end of the 19th century, wind energy took on a whole new meaning as engineers ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Taking wind into account in the design of waste stabilisation ponds

    Up to now, most investigations on the dependency of the fluid flow patterns and performance of waste stabilisation ponds (WSPs) on wind speed and direction and pond layout have been performed using 2D and 3D CFD steady state isothermal models. 3D non steady state models integrating thermal processes and boundary conditions taking into account the full influence of meteorological factors are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dynamic validated model of a DFIG wind turbine

    This paper presents the development and qualitative validation of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine model that is represented in terms of behaviour equations of each of the subsystems, mainly the turbine rotor, the drive train, the induction generator, the power converters and associated control systems and a protection system. Simulation results obtained from the models are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tidal influence on offshore wind fields and resource predictions

    The rise and fall of the sea surface due to tides effectively moves an offshore wind turbine hub through the wind shear profile. This effect is quantified using measured data from three offshore UK sites. Statistical evidence of the influence of tide on mean wind speed and turbulence is presented. The implications of this effect for predicting offshore wind resource are outlined.Keywords: Tidal, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How much wind is needed to power a home turbine?

    First do you have what it takes? Whether you are considering a small rooftop unit or a large residential turbine you need to know how much wind power is in your area. Wind resource maps, published by the US Department of Energy show airflow speeds at 50 meters (150 feet) above the ground and are a great resource in deciding if you are in a viable location. That's great if you are installing a ...


    By Bosworth Instrument

  • Wind Tunnel Balance System for Vehicle Aerodynamic Developments

    In vehicle development steps, optimization of aerodynamic properties is often carried out in wind tunnel facilities. The vehicle is placed upon the measuring platform of the balance. The wind tunnel balance now allows the precise measurement of six forces and moments induced by the air flow. The HORIBA wind tunnel balance system can be equipped with a moving ground system which makes the air flow ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

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