measuring airborne particulate matter Articles

  • Variations in mass concentrations of airborne particulate matter over tropical urban environment

    Particulate matter (PM) is an important component of the air pollution that has adverse health effects, ecosystem damage and degraded visibility. We analysed the seasonal variations in PM loading from ground-based measurements of PM1.0 and PM2.5, Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) Black Carbon (BC) aerosol over Hyderabad, India during January-June, 2006. The PM concentrations showed relatively higher ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Special Issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association on the Particulate Matter Supersites

    This special issue of the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association contains 15 peer-reviewed scientific papers from the specialty conference Particulate Matter Supersites Program and Related Studies, which was held in February 2005 in Atlanta, GA. Other peer-reviewed papers will appear in companion issues of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Aerosol Science and Technology, and ...

  • Airborne chemical elements: correlation between atmospheric levels and lichen content

    Concentrations of As, Cd, Co, Na, Sb, Se and Zn have been measured in atmospheric particulate matter and Parmelia sulcata Taylor transplants at a suburban and industrial area. Levels in particulate matter were found to be much lower than European target values, Californian Acute Inhalation Reference Exposure Levels and Ontario's Ambient Air Quality Criteria. Correlations between elemental content ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of particulates in the urban atmosphere of Sao Carlos, Brazil

    A survey on the concentration of particulate matter in the urban atmosphere was carried out in the city of Sao Carlos, Brazil. Five sites were selected for data collection one in the city centre (high concentration of people and automotive vehicles), three in industrial areas, and one at the interface with the countryside. The particle size distribution and mass concentration, temperature, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • Case No. 503: Johnson Matthey DOC Controls PM from Emergency Standby Caterpillar 3412 Diesel Engine

    Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) has proven to be effective in achieving low to moderate reductions in particulate matter emissions, while simultaneously reducing CO and HC. To meet SCAQMD Rule 1470 for emergency backup diesel engines, Cal State Fullerton had to reduce PM emissions by 20%. Johnson Matthey’s Diesel Catalytic Converter (DCC™), a high performance DOC ...

  • Characterization of ambient aerosols in Northern Thailand and their probable sources

    The present study examines variation of ambient aerosol mass and number concentrations in Chiang Mai, Thailand during winter. Aerosol particle samples were collected and measured at four different sites, representative of urban, industrial, residential and rural areas during daytime between December 2003 and January 2004. Average 10 h particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations were found to be ...

  • Status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe

    Black carbon (BC) is increasingly discussed in science and environmental policy areas as an example of an air pollutant that affects both human health and contributes to climate change (e.g. WHO, 2012; UNEP/WMO, 2011; Bond et al., 2013; IPCC, 2013). In order to be able to make comparable measurements of BC in ambient air and to relate BC monitoring to health impacts and climate change it is ...

  • Guide for developing a multi-metals, Fence-line monitoring plan for fugitive emissions using x-ray based Monitorsa case study

    Airborne metals and metal compounds are of particular concern to human health. Not only are they included in the United States (U.S.) Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) list of 187 hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), they represent 8 of the 33 urban pollutants identified by the EPA as posing the greatest potential health threat in urban areas. This is particularly significant since 80% of ...


    By Cooper Environmental

  • Assessment of ambient air quality in Bishnumati corridor, Kathmandu metropolis

    The Kathmandu valley urban area is growing as a metropolis. Bishnumati corridor in Kathmandu valley is is a target of increased pollution. The unabated solid waste land-filling on either side of the river-bank and animal slaughter houses and biological waste arising from these activities, busy commercial and high residential density characterize the corridor. Six areas, namely Teku Dovan, ...

  • Every breath you take — air quality in Europe

    The characters in this story are fictional. However the data are real. The story is set on 27 July 2008 when an air quality warning was issued in Brussels. Anna is 37 years old and lives in the centre of Brussels. She and her young son Johan are planning a trip outside the busy city. Anna suffers from asthma and her doctor has warned of the dangers of air pollution, especially on hot summer days. ...

  • Minimising Risks to Air Quality and Regulatory Compliance With Total Filter Management

    It has been shown in recent studies that as much as 25% of the total site operating budget (excluding raw material costs) for a typical medium-large dosage-form manufacturing facility will be spent on compliance measures for internal quality systems and external regulatory activities. (1) Market realities indicate that the pharmaceutical companies will need to address the overall cost of ...


    By GVS Filter Technology

  • The Economic Toll of Pollution’s Effects on Health

    Measuring and valuing the health impacts of pollution are very complex and available methods of economic analysis are often rudimentary. In recent years, considerable progress has been made, especially in respect to air pollution. This note summarizes the latest findings and outlines some basic approaches that can be applied in the economic analysis of Bank projects and sector studies. However, a ...


  • Air uality in IVF Labs

    Since the birth of the first baby from in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) in 1978, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) has grown in importance as techniques and success rates have continued to improve. Put simply, IVF involves mixing sperm and egg in a lab to create an embryo which is then replaced in a woman's womb to develop normally with success being measured in terms ...


    By Commercial Air Filtration

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the European Atmosphere: An Updated Overview

    The industrial revolution and the resultant technological society have led to a continuous production and emission of new toxic substances causing gradual and widely diffuse adverse effects to the entire planet usually known as Global Environmental Changes. Climate change, ozone depletion and global distribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are, among other, important examples of ...


  • Comparative Risk Assessment

    ' Comparative risk assessment provides a systematic way to compare environmental problems that pose different types and degrees of health risk. It combines information on the inherent hazards of pollutants, exposure levels and population characteristics to predict the resulting health effects. Using data from available sources, rapid, inexpensive comparative risk assessments can identify the most ...


    By The World Bank

  • Indicators of Pollution Management

    'The definition and selection of environmental performance indicators is still at an early stage but the use of indicators is increasing, both for the tracking of trends in pollution and other environmental issues at a large scale (national or regional) and also for the monitoring of Bank projects. This note provides a framework to assist in the selection of appropriate indicators for pollution ...


  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


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