measuring sodium ion concentration Articles

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Conductivity Theory and Measurement

    Electrical conductivity is a measure of the ability of a solution to cany* a current. Current flow in liquids differs from mat in metal conductors in that electrons cannot flow freely, but must be carried by ions. Ions are formed when a solid such as salt is dissolved in a liquid to form electrical components having opposite electrical charges. For example, sodium chloride separates to form Na" ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Optimizing water quality sampling through application of real time ionic concentration regression models

    The Water Resources Management Division of the Department of Environment and Conservation performs routine water sampling to measure the physical and chemical parameters of select water bodies in Newfoundland and Labrador. Ionic concentration parameter measurement is performed during routine water sampling to complement some of the key indicator parameters measured in real time at these select ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of Trace Elements and Ions in Ambient Fine Particulate Matter at Three Elementary Schools in Ohio

    ABSTRACT The results from a chemical characterization study of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) measured at three elementary schools in Central and Southeast Ohio is presented here. ...

  • The Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) Accelerated Weathering Test for Aggregates

    A standard accelerated weathering test using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was developed to simulate the chemical degradation of basaltic rock. The final development of the standard test involved a study of the interaction of DMSO with clay standards and an investigation of the test condition parameters affecting an existing DMSO test procedure. The weighted loss reported under the existing test ...


    By ASTM International

  • Behavior of hexavalent chromium in the water supply system by IC-ICP-MS method

    The analysis conditions for measuring trace concentration of Cr(VI) based on the ion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (IC-ICP-MS) method was examined. By optimizing the analysis conditions, the measurement of 0.02 μg-Cr(VI)/L was achieved with a high degree of accuracy. The behavior of Cr(VI) through the water treatment process in Osaka city was investigated and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How can I detect Nitrite in meat

    In Europe many meat products like ham and smoked pork chop are cured. Curing is a process to preserve meat and sausages by addition of common salt. The meat develops a typical curing taste and becomes red in color. This process is important to avoid a grey coloration and a growth of microorganisms. However the reaction of nitrite with amino acids, can cause the formation of carcinogenic ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Reverse Osmosis for WFI and PW

    The United States Pharmacopeial Convention Inc. (USP) has proposed new specifications for Water for Injection (WFI) and Purified Water (PW). These specifications will include quantitative conductivity, and total organic carbon (TOC) measurements will replace 100-year-old qualitative wet chemistry tests. The impetus behind these changes is to create a means of analysis that is less ...

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Explore the capabilities of nanofiltration and ultrafiltration. Filters have similar looks, different applications

    Introduction Even if you’re an expert in reverse osmosis (RO) membrane technology, you may be overlooking some applications using often neglected cousins of RO: nanofiltration (NF) and ultrafiltration (UF). Although virtually identical in looks to RO membranes, NF and UF membranes serve distinctly different separation functions. Dramatic levels of resource recovery, efficiency ...

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

  • Glyphosate and AMPA in drinking water

    Carcinogenic or not? The broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate is used all over the world in agriculture. Alongside farming, the chemical is also used for weed-killing in domestic gardens and in public and private spaces kept free from «vegetal invasion», such as railway tracks. Glyphosate has been used since the 1970s in pesticides and was hitherto thought to be harmless at ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • REMOVING LIMESCALE IMPROVES WATER QUALITY IN POULTRY FARMS

    Water is one of the most important nutrients in poultry production.  About 70 per cent of a bird’s body is made up of water - eggs contain around 65% water. Birds are constantly losing water in egg production, so there is an obvious need for constant replenishment.  Water intake is almost twice the weight of ...

  • Wyman Gordon Case Study

    Wyman-Gordon is a world class materials company with nearly 200 years of metals engineering experience. They are the acknowledged leader in the production of high-quality closed-die forgings and extrusions for the most critical applications. Markets served include those for commercial and military aircraft; gas turbine engines; oil and gas exploration; land based gas turbine and power generation; ...


    By Mech-Chem Associates, Inc.

  • Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) as a Tool for Water Quality Management

    Whole effluent toxicity (WET) testing has evolved into a critical element of many National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits issued to both industrial and municipal dischargers. Over 6,500 dischargers to both fresh and salt waters are required to conduct toxicity tests to determine if their effluent might be potentially toxic to organisms in the receiving system. While ...


    By AECOM

  • Chromium detection in water and soil...

    What is chromium? Chromium is a metal that is widely distributed in the earth’s crust (soil and rocks), air and water. Naturally occurring chromium occurs mainly in the chromium (III) form as chromite ore, which contains oxygen, chromium (III) and other metals such as iron. Chromium (VI) compounds are produced commercially from chromite ore for a wide variety of uses. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Toxicological and Environmental Safety Data - Case Study

    Introduction AGRAGEL is a cross-linked copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamide partially neutralized as potassium/ ammonium salt. The polymer is in its dry form a granulate and forms a gel-like material upon addition of water or aqueous solutions. Due to the cross-linking it is insoluble in water. Uptake of water is facilitated mainly by the negative carboxylic groups of the polymer and ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you