membrane bioreactor membrane Articles

  • Clofibric acid and gemfibrozil removal in membrane bioreactors

    The removal of two blood lipid regulators, clofibric acid (CLA) and gemfibrozil (GFZ), was evaluated using two identical aerobic membrane bioreactors with 6.5 L effective volume each. Polysulfone ultrafiltration hollow fiber membranes were submerged in the reactors. Different operating conditions were tested varying the organic load (F/M), hydraulic residence time (HRT), biomass concentration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal within Membrane Bioreactors

    Several Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) facilities have been constructed with the intent of providing Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR), and several additional such plants are being designed and constructed. Full-scale plant information is now available for process designers to better understand the unique design and operating issues associated with the incorporation of EBPR designs in ...

  • Application of a membrane bioreactor for winery wastewater treatment

    Winery wastewaters are variable in nature and are hard to treat by means of the conventional activated sludge process because of the high organic loading associated with their production, especially during vintage. To face this situation, recently, membrane bioreactors have been widely applied to treat winery wastewaters. In this study, a full-scale membrane bioreactor treated some 110 m3/d of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Commissioning and operating submerged membrane bioreactors: a designer's perspective

    Submerged Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) applications for wastewater treatment have taken off in recent years in New Zealand. From designer perspectives, the membrane modules replace the conventional secondary clarifier, thus eliminating solids settling issues and reducing plant footprint. This paper discusses the recent experiences of Harrison Grierson Consultants Limited designing and commissioning ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemical wastewater treatment applying a membrane bioreactor (MBR)

    IntroductionAt the current time Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) are the primary focus of wastewater treatment technologies. MBR is a combination of biological activated sludge process for the removal of nutrients and a membrane filtration for separation of biomass and treated water. In industrial wastewater treatment MBRs have proven to be a particularly reliable technique [Cornel et al., 2006]. The ...


    By Microdyn-Nadir GmbH

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start-up of membrane bioreactor and hybrid moving bed biofilm reactor–membrane bioreactor: kinetic study

    A hybrid moving bed biofilm reactor–membrane bioreactor (hybrid MBBR-MBR) system was studied as an alternative solution to conventional activated sludge processes and membrane bioreactors. This paper shows the results obtained from three laboratory-scale wastewater treatment plants working in parallel in the start-up and steady states. The first wastewater treatment plant was a MBR, the second ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of sludge retention time on membrane bio-fouling using different type and pore size of membranes in a submerged membrane bioreactor

    The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of sludge retention time (SRT) on membrane bio-fouling. An activated sludge reactor was operated at three different SRTs (10, 30, and 50 days). Submerged membrane experiments were performed when the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentration reached the steady state conditions. MLSS concentrations reached the steady state at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cycle-time determination and process control of sequencing batch membrane bioreactors

    In this paper a method to determine the cycle time for sequencing batch membrane bioreactors (SBMBRs) is introduced. One of the advantages of SBMBRs is the simplicity of adapting them to varying wastewater composition. The benefit of this flexibility can only be fully utilised if the cycle times are optimised for the specific inlet load conditions. This requires either proactive and ongoing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modular operation of membrane bioreactors for higher hydraulic capacity utilisation

    Using data from 6 full-scale municipal membrane bioreactors (MBR) in Germany the hydraulic capacity utilisation and specific energy consumption were studied and their connexion shown. The average hydraulic capacity utilisation lies between 14% and 45%. These low values are justified by the necessity to deal with intense rain events and cater for future flow increases. However, this low hydraulic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pulse shear stress for anaerobic membrane bioreactor fouling control

    Increase of shear stress at membrane surfaces is a generally applied strategy to minimize membrane fouling. It has been reported that a two-phase flow, better known as slug flow, is an effective way to increase shear stress. Hence, slug flow was introduced into an anaerobic membrane bioreactor for membrane fouling control. Anaerobic suspended sludge was cultured in an anaerobic membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal using an anammox membrane bioreactor at low temperature

    Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) have the ability to completely retain biomass and are thus suitable for slowly growing anammox bacteria. In the present study, an anammox MBR was operated to investigate whether the anammox activity would remain stable at low temperature, without anammox biomass washout. The maximum nitrogen removal rates were 6.7 and 1.1 g-N L−1 day−1 at 35 °C and 15 °C, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in a membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment plant

    Ninety-nine pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were analyzed in influent, final effluent, and biosolids samples from a wastewater treatment plant employing a membrane bioreactor (MBR). High concentrations in influent were found for acetaminophen, caffeine, metformin, 2-hydroxy-ibuprofen, paraxanthine, ibuprofen, and naproxen (104–105 ng/L). Final effluents ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of sludge retention time on characteristics of dynamic membrane in sequencing bioreactors

    The characteristics of self-forming dynamic membrane (DM) in sequencing bioreactors under different sludge retention times (SRT) (SRT = 5, 10, 20, 40, 60 days) were studied using a scanning electron microscope, particle sizing distribution and others. The results indicated that the SRT has an evident effect on the characteristics of DM. The content of extracellular polymeric substances and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic treatment of urban wastewater in membrane bioreactors: evaluation of seasonal temperature variations

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of seasonal temperature variations on the anaerobic treatment of urban wastewater in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). To this aim, sludge production, energy recovery potential, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and membrane permeability were evaluated in a submerged anaerobic MBR fitted with industrial-scale membrane units. The plant was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Considerations on the design and financial feasibility of full-scale membrane bioreactors for municipal applications

    Based on the practical experience in design and operation of three full-scale membrane bioreactors (MBR) for municipal wastewater treatment that were commissioned since 1999, an overview on the different design concepts that were applied to the three MBR plants is given. The investment costs and the energy consumption of the MBRs and conventional activated sludge (CAS) plants (with and without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full-scale experience with the membrane bioreactor-reverse osmosis water reclamation process

    The Gippsland Water Factory (GWF), owned and operated by Gippsland Water in south eastern Australia, is a 35,000 m3/day water reclamation facility which treats 16,000 m3/day of domestic wastewater and 19,000 m3/day of industrial (pulp and paper) wastewater through parallel membrane-bioreactor (MBR)-based treatment trains prior to discharge to the Pacific Ocean via the Regional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of tannery wastewater for reuse by physico-chemical processes and a membrane bioreactor

    Treatment of wastewater from a tannery in Greater Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) was investigated on a pilot scale. After pre-treatment by the tannery that included batch-coagulation and sedimentation, the wastewater was treated by dissolved air flotation, a membrane bioreactor (MBR) and granular activated carbon (GAC) for polishing the MBR effluent. The average removal efficiency for organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High strength domestic wastewater treatment with submerged forward osmosis membrane bioreactor

    Forward osmosis membranes are less prone to fouling with high rejection of salts, and the osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) can be considered as an innovative membrane technology for wastewater treatment. In this study, a submerged OMBR having a cellulose triacetate membrane, with the active layer facing the feed solution configuration, was operated at different organic loading rates (OLRs), ...


    By IWA Publishing

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