membrane cleaning Articles

  • The Chemistry of Membrane Cleaning

    International Products Corporation (IPC), incorporated in 1923, manufactures specialty chemicals. IPC has over 30 years experience making and selling membrane cleaners and formulated lubricants to industry. IPC is the proud recipient of the 2013 Environmental Innovation award by the Suppliers Partnership for the Environment. All products are manufactured in the New Jersey headquarters and are ...

  • Types of Water Treatment Systems

    There are different types of water treatment systems, and knowing the difference between them can help you make an informed decision on just what type of treatment you’ll need for your water. There is no best water treatment system that will meet everyone’s needs—each system has its benefits and deficiencies. Here are a few ...

  • Membrane cleaning skids prolong operating life of costly membrane filtration units

    Considered one of the most important and costly components of a reverse osmosis purification system, membrane filtration elements (a thin semi-permeable layer which desalinates seawater) collect mineral buildup, organic materials and bacterial agents. The Lifestream Membrane Cleaning Skid cleans, flushes out and preserves the membrane, reviving efficiency and prolonging membrane life.Designing a ...

  • Forward osmosis membrane fouling and cleaning for wastewater reuse

    Membrane fouling properties and different physical cleaning methods for forward osmosis (FO) and reverse osmosis (RO) laboratory-scale filtration systems were investigated. The membrane fouling, with respect to flux reduction, was lower in FO than in RO when testing an activated sludge effluent. Cross-flow velocity, air-scouring, osmotic backwashing and effect of a spacer were compared to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane chemical cleaning: why is it required and how is it performed?

    Membrane fouling, defined as the accumulation of particles and organic matter at the surface or in the pores of membranes occurs during membrane filtration. Membrane fouling results in membrane performance loss, i.e. lower rejection values, lower permeate flux and higher pressure drop, which translates into higher operational cost. The extent of fouling depends on the feed quality, operating ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Self-Cleaning Pre-Filtration for RO Membrane Systems

    ABSTRACT A few years ago physical processes could only remove suspended solids from a water stream. Recent advances in technology now allow the removal of selected molecules and ions from a water stream by physical means using membranes. The membrane process has recently become very efficient and economically feasible for many industrial, commercial, municipal and even residential customers. ...

  • White Paper - Four Membrane Cleaning Profile

    Four Membrane Cleaning Profiles With Micro-90® Alkaline Cleaning Solution, Micro® Green Clean Biodegradable Cleaner And Micro® A07 Citric Acid Cleaner SUMMARY Fouling and cleaning profiles of four types of filter membranes were obtained using MICRO-90®, MICRO® GREEN CLEAN and/or MICRO® A07. Simulated fouling processes were performed by using either a ...

  • Air bubbles enhance membrane cleaning: a future perspective

    Abstract Air bubbles generated using a novel micro-bubble generator have displayed a dramatic enhancement in cleaning efficiency when used in conjunction with specially formulated cleaning chemicals. In order to establish the effect of this application on membrane performance, a series of experiments were conducted using both a flat sheet test rig and a small scale pilot plant. ...

  • Mixed oxidants aid in membrane pretreatment, cleaning

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...

  • Membrane chemical cleaning: from art to science

    Membrane chemical cleaning is an integral part of operation for micro- and ultrafiltration systems in the water industry and has significant impact on process operations. However, this issue has not been adequately addressed primarily for two reasons: 1) cleaning protocols are typically recommended from membrane manufacturers and some cleaners are proprietary; 2) the issues of membrane fouling ...


    By Pall Corporation

  • Membrane pretreatment and cleaning – mixed oxidants in practice

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so too do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...

  • Genairclean RO membrane cleaning - Case Study

    Trial Period September 2013 to May 2014 Site Water Reuse system, UK Background A Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis (BWRO) system with a history of rapid and consistent membrane fouling was selected to trial the new ‘Genairclean’ micro-bubble multi-mechanism RO membrane cleaning method. The plant reclaims process ...

  • Cleaning clay (aluminosilicates) from fouled membranes

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance. The major constituents of foulants found on the first position during six years of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory are clay minerals chemically known as aluminosilicates. Clay is a naturally occurring material found in all RO feed waters ...

  • Ultrasonic irradiation for ultrafiltration membrane cleaning in MBR systems: operational conditions and consequences

    Ultrasonic irradiation is one of the most promising membrane cleaning techniques for membrane bioreactors (MBRs) because of several advantages such as high flux-recovery capacity and in situ application without interrupting the filtration process. However, significant contradictions may be found and, consequently, this method has not yet been widely developed. In this paper, four MBRs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Self-Cleaning Filters for Pretreatment of Membrane and UV Water Treatment Systems

    The removal of suspended solids is necessary to protect membrane systems and prevent the “shadow effect” in ultraviolet (UV) treatment systems. Recent field data has shown the effectiveness of automatic self-cleaning filters in removing suspended solids down to less than 3 microns in size without flocculants, pre-coats or granulated media. Tests have demonstrated the complete removal of particles ...

  • Pleatable UPE membrane media in pulse-cleaned dust removal air applications

    Media Selection For initial tests, three media were selected for comparison. These structures are all designed for use in pulse-cleanable cartridges, with processing on blade pleaters. Arioso™ M7001-11 is a Solupor® ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UPE) membrane designed for F9/MERV16 efficiency at very low resistance laminated to a 200 gsm, stiff, high permeability ...

  • Self-Cleaning Filtration for Pretreatment of Membrane, UV and Ozone Water Treatment Systems

    Recent field data has shown the effectiveness of automatic self-cleaning filters in removing suspended solids down to less than 3 microns in size without flocculents, pre-coats or granulated media. Pre-treatment of ozone systems is often needed to remove organic solids that would utilize high amounts of ozone during oxidation leaving little for complete disinfection. Selfcleaning screen filters ...

  • Atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis of cleaned and fouled nanofiltration membranes

    In membrane process industries, membrane cleaning is one of the most important concerns from both economical and scientific points of view. Surfaces roughness and phase angle of virgin and fouled membranes were measured and compared before and after chemical cleaning by using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Correlations between the data obtained by this technique (AFM) with the flux and rejection ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Self-Cleaning Pre-Filtration for RO and Other Membrane Systems

    Abstract A few years ago physical processes could only remove suspended solids from a water stream. Recent advances in technology now allow the removal of selected molecules and ions from a water stream by physical means using membranes. The membrane process has recently become very efficient and economically feasible for many industrial, commercial, municipal and even residential customers. ...

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