membrane disinfectant Articles

  • Chlorination Disinfection Requirements for Membrane Bioreactor Permeate

     ABSTRACT The membrane bioreactor (MBR) process is typically designed and operated to produce a fully nitrified, high quality effluent (permeate) that makes it possible to use free chlorine for disinfection. In California, regulations (Title 22) require a minimum CT value of 450 mg-min/L or 5-log virus inactivation when chlorine is used to produce “disinfected tertiary effluent.” In ...

  • Alternative water supply and treatment solutions in Durban (SA)

    As a result of persistent drought conditions in South Africa a customer (an international consumer goods producer with a production facility in Durban) experiences the pressure of limited availability of water. The ever dropping dam levels currently result in higher risk for intermittent water supply resulting in unplanned and forced production stops in case no water is available. Aquest Colsen ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • The removal of disinfection by-product precursors from water with ceramic membranes

    The main objective of this work was to investigate the effectiveness of ceramic ultrafiltration (UF) membranes with different pore sizes in removing natural organic matter (NOM) from model solutions and drinking water sources. A lab-scale, cross-flow ceramic membrane test unit was used in all experiments. Two different single-channel tubular ceramic membrane modules were tested with average pore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorine resistant membrane and the mechanism of membrane

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Preparation and surface modification of hollow fibre membranes for drinking water disinfection and water reclamation

    Polysulphone hollow fibres were spun according to phase inversion process under different conditions by extrusion of dimethylformamide solution of the polymer through double orifice spinneret using water or water-DMF mixture as gelation medium. The membrane surface was modified by in situ interfacial polymerisation of m-phenylenediamine with trimesoyl chloride. The nominal molecular weight ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chlorine resistant membrane: the mechanism of membrane degradation by chlorine

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Development and evaluation of a small scale water disinfection system

    Provision of microbiologically safe drinking water for people living in the rural areas of developing countries remains a major challenge to date. A simple gravity-driven membrane point of use system was developed based on woven fabric microfiltration (WFMF) membranes. The WFMF is a loose type of membrane (0.45 μm). However, complete disinfection is not achieved with the WFMF, hence it was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Picking Their Membranes - Part I -

    Membrane use by water suppliers may not be new, but suppliers are considering membranes in new ways -- by number and variety of applications. Membranes can work on a wider range of resource waters, more efficiently and for less cost than before. Among membranes' attractions as substitutes for conventional water-treatment technologies, such as filtration, distillation and ion-exchange are: ...


  • MEDIA FILTRATION, MEMBRANES, OZONE, AND UV

    ABSTRACT For reclaimed water disinfection, pathogen reduction to acceptable public health risk levels is theprimary objective. A second emerging objective is the ability to destroy trace pollutants(endocrine disrupters (EDCs), pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs)) at a reasonably lowcost.The WateReuse Foundation’s Innovative Reclaimed Water Treatment Project ...

  • Using HPSEC to identify NOM fraction removal and the correlation with disinfection by-product precursors

    In this study high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) was used to compare an ultrafiltration (UF) membrane and alum coagulation for their capacity to remove different fractions of natural organic matter (NOM) from water. At the same time, the removal of disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors, as measured by trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) and haloacetic acid ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the role of attachment, aggregation and internalisation of microorganisms in UVC and UVA (solar) disinfection

    In this comparative study, the impact of two microbial protective mechanisms against simulated UVA disinfection was assessed by using protocols previously developed for UVC disinfection assays. (i) The impact of natural microorganism aggregation and attachment to particles was assessed by targeting total coliform bacteria in natural surface water samples. (ii) The impact of bacteria ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of Soil Filtration and UV Disinfection for Advanced Wastewater Treatment

    Abstract While guidelines exist, currently there are no federal regulations governing treatment requirements for reclaimed water. In their absence, many states have adopted California’s reclaimed water regulations, found under Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) as well as the UV Disinfection Guidelines for Water and Water Reuse, published by the National Water Research ...

  • Ultraviolet disinfection systems, the best solution to school swimming pools

    School swimming pools are a valuable asset, and are now present in the majority of high schools and higher education facilities throughout the UK.  Whilst school pools vary in size, shape and usage, many school swimming facilities are facing a common dilemma in their water disinfection strategy.  Existing treatment regimes are often badly designed, under sized or simply outdated, which ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Mixed oxidants aid in membrane pretreatment, cleaning

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Membrane pretreatment and cleaning – mixed oxidants in practice

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so too do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Suitability of cationic flocculants for RO membranes performance improvement

    Abstract As it has already been published and demonstrated, one of the main causes of membranes failures is related to a poor plant pre-treatment. Data from more than 600 autopsies demonstrated that both biofilm and colloidal matter are the most common components on RO (reverse osmosis) membranes fouling, therefore, main lack on membranes pre-treatment is related to disinfection and ...

  • New treatment plant to feature ceramic membranes

    The Parker Water and Sanitation District (PWSD) in Colorado has contracted for a membrane treatment system for its Rueter-Hess water treatment plant project. The new plant will treat water from the Rueter-Hess Reservoir (RHR), which is being built three miles southwest of downtown Parker on Newlin Gulch, which is a tributary drainage of Cherry Creek. The reservoir and associated treatment plan ...


    By PennWell Corporation

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