membrane filtration Articles

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membranes, the Finest Filtration

    Introduction The notion that salt could be removed from seawater without a phase change took hold of Dr. Sourirajan's imagination in the late 1950's. The actual invention of the reverse osmosis (RO) membrane took place in his laboratory at UCLA around 1960. (Thus Sourirajan could be called not only the 'Father of Reverse Osmosis,' but the initiator of all crossflow membrane technology.) The full ...


  • Air filtration applications for membranes

    Given their unique performance attributes membranes are finding use in a growing number of high efficiency air filtration applications. One example is in respirators and personal protective equipment. Applications where intense physical demands and risk of exposure to harmful contaminants are present demand the high efficiency / low pressure drop combination of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene ...

  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

  • MEDIA FILTRATION, MEMBRANES, OZONE, AND UV

    ABSTRACT For reclaimed water disinfection, pathogen reduction to acceptable public health risk levels is theprimary objective. A second emerging objective is the ability to destroy trace pollutants(endocrine disrupters (EDCs), pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs)) at a reasonably lowcost.The WateReuse Foundation’s Innovative Reclaimed Water Treatment Project ...

  • Advanced treatment of WWTP effluent with filtration leading to a pretreatment technique for membrane filtration

    In 2000 the European Union introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The aim of the WFD is having an ecological and chemical balance for all surface waters in Europe in 2015. The European Commission identified 33 priority substances and their maximum allowable concentrations, FHI-values (Fraunhofer Institute), which are specified in the Annex of the WFD. The objective of this research is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of WWTP effluent with filtration leading to a pretreatment technique for membrane filtration

    In 2000 the European Union introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The aim of the WFD is having an ecological and chemical balance for all surface waters in Europe in 2015. The European Commission identified 33 priority substances and their maximum allowable concentrations, FHI-values (Fraunhofer Institute), which are specified in the Annex of the WFD. The objective of this research is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the membrane fouling simulator to determine biofouling potential of antiscalants in membrane filtration

    In treatment of groundwater with reverse osmosis, the applied antiscalant can significantly contribute to the formation of biofouling, especially when legislation enforces the use of biodegradable, phosphorous-free products. As an alternative to extensive piloting, the use of the membrane fouling simulator (MFS) is proposed here to assess the biomass growth potential of different antiscalants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fabrication of catalytic ceramic membranes for water filtration

    The paper describes the use of the layer-by-layer technique to coat ceramic membranes with iron and manganese oxide nanoparticles. The coatings are thin ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Prediction of permeate flux decline in crossflow membrane filtration

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which are widely used in order to remove colloidal particles and microorganisms in water and waste water treatment systems. The filtration performance is, however, often hampered by the buildup of retained particulate matters on the membrane surfaces, which causes the deleterious permeate flux decline. ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Membrane cleaning skids prolong operating life of costly membrane filtration units

    Considered one of the most important and costly components of a reverse osmosis purification system, membrane filtration elements (a thin semi-permeable layer which desalinates seawater) collect mineral buildup, organic materials and bacterial agents. The Lifestream Membrane Cleaning Skid cleans, flushes out and preserves the membrane, reviving efficiency and prolonging membrane life.Designing a ...

  • The hybrid process TiO2/PAC: performance of membrane filtration

    In investigations concerning the photocatalytic degradation by TiO2 usually filter discs with a pore size of 0.22 μm and 0.45 μm are used for the removal of photocatalyst particles in aqueous suspensions. In this study the effective rejection of suspended particles by microfiltration in different types of membrane modules and with different membrane materials was investigated. Furthermore, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane filtration and sonication for industrial wastewater reuse

    This paper presents an experimental study aimed at estimating the efficiency of the innovative process of ultrafiltration (UF) combined with sonication (Son.) for the refinement of treated effluent to be reused in wet textile processes. Such a novel approach, which has not yet been employed on a full industrial scale, has been experienced at pilot scale on the secondary effluent of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration Applications in the Beverage Industry

    Abstract The use of crossflow membrane separation technology in the beverage industry has gone from a 'unique processing' approach to a standard unit process for many manufacturers. Applications such as replacement of troublesome diatomaceous earth (DE) filters for juice clarification have been highly successful. Employing reverse osmosis (RO) for apple juice concentration produces potential ...


  • Self-Cleaning Pre-Filtration for RO Membrane Systems

    ABSTRACT A few years ago physical processes could only remove suspended solids from a water stream. Recent advances in technology now allow the removal of selected molecules and ions from a water stream by physical means using membranes. The membrane process has recently become very efficient and economically feasible for many industrial, commercial, municipal and even residential customers. ...

  • Prediction of flux decline during membrane filtration of leather plant effluent

    A membrane-based scheme has been proposed for the treatment of leather plant effluent. The effluent coming out from the various steps of leather plant are combined and Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) are adopted. Performances of two NF membranes are evaluated. Experiments are conducted using an unstirred batch cell. It is observed that a combined operation of NF using 400 MWCO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimization study of a hybrid alum coagulation-membrane filtration system for virus removal

    Due to the intrinsically small sizes of enteric viruses (20–100 nm) and their relatively high resistance to most disinfectants, detection of viruses in treated drinking water is not a rare phenomenon. This study therefore evaluates various aspects involved in a hybrid alum coagulation-ultrafiltration (UF) system for virus removal. Coagulant doses (0, 1 and 10 mg Al3+/L) and pH conditions relevant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation of surface and filtration properties of TiO2 coated ultrafiltration polyacrylonitrile membranes

    In the present work, the surface and filtration properties of TiO2 coated polyacrylonitrile ultrafiltration membranes were investigated. The membranes were coated using the physical deposition method. The appropriate TiO2 coverage proved to be 0.3 mg/cm2, which formed a hydrophilic cake layer on the membrane surface. The cleanability without chemicals and the retention of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane filtration of municipal wastewater effluents for implementing agricultural reuse in southern Italy

    Membrane filtration was investigated at field scale in order to assess its effectiveness for reusing municipal effluents in agriculture. The study was started on April 2002 and ended on September 2007, as part of a national R&D project (AQUATEC). Preliminary results, which we already reported elsewhere, concerned the first two project years while this paper refers to the subsequent period. Three ...


    By IWA Publishing

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