membrane filtration pilot plant Articles

  • Membrane Bioreactor Pilot

    The problem A company which produces a product that requires a constant supply of relatively clean water is planning to expand by adding new process units online.  The plant currently uses well water as a supply to its production.  The water production from the well is limited.  They need to install a system to produce reuse water to reduce the amount of water required ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Pilot plant trials: management of membrane concentrate

    In surface water nanofiltration (NF) for drinking water production, 15 to 25% of the feed is rejected by the membranes. Two complementary approaches are investigated in order to manage concentrates. On one hand, an additional NF stage allows an increase in the yield of drinking water production from 85 to 94%. Thirty-days filtration cycles are achieved. Conductivity, natural organic matter (NOM) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

  • Membrane treatment of the bleaching plant (EPO) filtrate of a kraft pulp mill

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of membrane technology to treat oxygen and peroxide-reinforced extraction stage (EPO) filtrate from a kraft pulp mill bleach plant. Three different types of tubular membranes were tested in a pilot plant: (i) tight ultrafiltration (UF); (ii) open UF followed by nanofiltration (UF + NF); and (iii) nanofiltration (NF). According to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Key issues of ultrafiltration membrane water treatment plant scale-up from laboratory and pilot plant results

    Industrial-scale ultrafiltration (UF) membrane systems have gained wide acceptance for producing safe drinking water. Laboratory and pilot plant studies are often carried out prior to the design of full-scale water treatment plants. Emphases are laid on how accurately these laboratory and pilot plant studies represent actual industrial-scale systems and the limitations. A case study which ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • From Pilot Studies to Full Scale Plant

    Natural gas is widely used as a primary energy source and is one of the most efficient fuel source. For this reason, more and more gas is utilized exceeding existent production facilities. Oil and gas companies therefore expand there measures and step behind borders finding and exploit new resources. One area of major interest is the Barents Sea, a remote area far from industry and civilisation. ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Membrane filtration and sonication for industrial wastewater reuse

    This paper presents an experimental study aimed at estimating the efficiency of the innovative process of ultrafiltration (UF) combined with sonication (Son.) for the refinement of treated effluent to be reused in wet textile processes. Such a novel approach, which has not yet been employed on a full industrial scale, has been experienced at pilot scale on the secondary effluent of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of WWTP effluent with filtration leading to a pretreatment technique for membrane filtration

    In 2000 the European Union introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The aim of the WFD is having an ecological and chemical balance for all surface waters in Europe in 2015. The European Commission identified 33 priority substances and their maximum allowable concentrations, FHI-values (Fraunhofer Institute), which are specified in the Annex of the WFD. The objective of this research is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of WWTP effluent with filtration leading to a pretreatment technique for membrane filtration

    In 2000 the European Union introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The aim of the WFD is having an ecological and chemical balance for all surface waters in Europe in 2015. The European Commission identified 33 priority substances and their maximum allowable concentrations, FHI-values (Fraunhofer Institute), which are specified in the Annex of the WFD. The objective of this research is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of permeate flux decline in crossflow membrane filtration

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which are widely used in order to remove colloidal particles and microorganisms in water and waste water treatment systems. The filtration performance is, however, often hampered by the buildup of retained particulate matters on the membrane surfaces, which causes the deleterious permeate flux decline. ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • UK’s Axium Process Supplies Two Mobile Membrane Filtration Plants to Masdar Institute

    Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, an independent, research-driven graduate-level university focused on advanced energy and sustainable technologies, today announced it has commissioned UK-based Axium Process to install two mobile membrane filtration plants at the campus. Designed for pilot scale Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis trials, the mobile ...


    By Water Active Ltd

  • Gravity driven membrane filtration system to improve the water quality in rainwater tanks

    The characterisation of rainwater in metropolitan Sydney and in rural New South Wales was undertaken. The results showed that factors such as the lack of vehicular traffic, air pollution and urban contamination meant that rural rainwater water quality was better. The rain water collected in both metropolitan and rural areas generally complied with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a model-based control system for membrane filtration process

    Reduction of operational cost and certification of safety for treated water are required for the membrane filtration process for drinking water. Therefore a model-based control system is developed to reduce operational cost. A process model is used for the model-based control system that calculates the transmembrane pressure (TMP) in the future. This allows the model-based control system to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of sand and membrane filtration as non-chemical pre-treatment strategies for pesticide removal with nanofiltration/low pressure reverse osmosis membranes

    Pilot plant investigations of sand and membrane filtration (microfiltration (MF)/ultrafiltration (UF)/nanofiltration (NF)/low pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO)) have been performed to treat groundwater polluted with pesticides. The results show that simple treatment, with use of aeration and sand filtration or MF/UF membranes, does not remove pesticides. However, by reducing the content of key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membranes for water treatment

    Ceramic membranes, different in pore size and membrane material, were applied to remove particulate and dissolved matter from different spent filter backwash water types as well as from dam water. The study was conducted in pilot scale under conditions typical for waterworks at a dam water treatment plant. A comparison of different ceramic membranes implied that total membrane resistance was more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological filtration of poor quality brackish water reducing Reverse Osmosis membrane fouling

    Abstract A primary limitation in applying Reverse Osmosis (RO) is loss of performance caused by membrane fouling resulting from compounds that bacteria can use as energy or nutrient sources. When these compounds enter RO membranes, they are capable of sustaining extensive bacterial growths on the membrane sheets as well as within feed channel spacers. This leads to the entrapment of ...

  • Experimental evaluations of water treatment systems using a pilot-scale plant for adaptations to a sharp increase in raw-water turbidity caused by climate change

    One effect of climate change on the water supply systems in Japan may be a sharp increase in the raw-water turbidity following heavy rain. The objective of this study was to evaluate water treatment performance with a sharp increase in raw-water turbidity. This evaluation was carried out from the perspective of turbidity response by a pilot-scale plant using sand filtration and membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot Testing Microfilters and Cloth-Media Filters for Lake Augmentation

    ABSTRACTMicrofiltration and cloth-media filtration were pilot tested for plant expansion and water supply augmentation purposes. The performance of the pilot units was assessed by evaluating key influent and effluent data, including suspended solids, turbidity, total phosphorous, hydraulic loading rate, flux, and chemical addition. Results showed that one of the cloth-media filters, and both of ...

  • Influence of shear on nitrification rates in a membrane bioreactor

    Grundfos BioBooster (GBB) installed and operated a membrane bioreactor (MBR) test plant in 2012. During the period it became evident that the nitrification rate was lower than expected and a study was carried out to investigate the possible reasons for the observed low-nitrification rate. Tests were conducted at a pilot plant and the effect of shear from the BioBooster membrane system and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic and Environmental Benefits Flow From Filtration Technology

    Crossflow filtration operations typically fall into one of four categories: microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and hyperfiltration more commonly known as reverse osmosis (RO). The most common of the operations is reverse osmosis due to its ability to remove dissolved impurities including dissolved salts. Crossflow filtration machines typically include the membrane ...


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