membrane filtration plant Articles

  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

  • Prediction of flux decline during membrane filtration of leather plant effluent

    A membrane-based scheme has been proposed for the treatment of leather plant effluent. The effluent coming out from the various steps of leather plant are combined and Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) are adopted. Performances of two NF membranes are evaluated. Experiments are conducted using an unstirred batch cell. It is observed that a combined operation of NF using 400 MWCO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane treatment of the bleaching plant (EPO) filtrate of a kraft pulp mill

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of membrane technology to treat oxygen and peroxide-reinforced extraction stage (EPO) filtrate from a kraft pulp mill bleach plant. Three different types of tubular membranes were tested in a pilot plant: (i) tight ultrafiltration (UF); (ii) open UF followed by nanofiltration (UF + NF); and (iii) nanofiltration (NF). According to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane filtration and sonication for industrial wastewater reuse

    This paper presents an experimental study aimed at estimating the efficiency of the innovative process of ultrafiltration (UF) combined with sonication (Son.) for the refinement of treated effluent to be reused in wet textile processes. Such a novel approach, which has not yet been employed on a full industrial scale, has been experienced at pilot scale on the secondary effluent of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of WWTP effluent with filtration leading to a pretreatment technique for membrane filtration

    In 2000 the European Union introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The aim of the WFD is having an ecological and chemical balance for all surface waters in Europe in 2015. The European Commission identified 33 priority substances and their maximum allowable concentrations, FHI-values (Fraunhofer Institute), which are specified in the Annex of the WFD. The objective of this research is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of WWTP effluent with filtration leading to a pretreatment technique for membrane filtration

    In 2000 the European Union introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The aim of the WFD is having an ecological and chemical balance for all surface waters in Europe in 2015. The European Commission identified 33 priority substances and their maximum allowable concentrations, FHI-values (Fraunhofer Institute), which are specified in the Annex of the WFD. The objective of this research is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of permeate flux decline in crossflow membrane filtration

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which are widely used in order to remove colloidal particles and microorganisms in water and waste water treatment systems. The filtration performance is, however, often hampered by the buildup of retained particulate matters on the membrane surfaces, which causes the deleterious permeate flux decline. ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • UK’s Axium Process Supplies Two Mobile Membrane Filtration Plants to Masdar Institute

    Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, an independent, research-driven graduate-level university focused on advanced energy and sustainable technologies, today announced it has commissioned UK-based Axium Process to install two mobile membrane filtration plants at the campus. Designed for pilot scale Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis trials, the mobile ...


    By Water Active Ltd

  • Development of a model-based control system for membrane filtration process

    Reduction of operational cost and certification of safety for treated water are required for the membrane filtration process for drinking water. Therefore a model-based control system is developed to reduce operational cost. A process model is used for the model-based control system that calculates the transmembrane pressure (TMP) in the future. This allows the model-based control system to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Precipitation of aluminium and phosphates in effluents treated by membrane filtration - Case Study

    Customer Application and Activity Decoral specializes in treating technical components made from aluminium and titanium through treatment steps such as anodizing and polishing. The effluents from its surface treatment plant are mainly contaminated with aluminium and phosphates. Problem to be solvedDecoral was keen to simplify the management of its products to the greatest degree possible and was ...


  • Gravity driven membrane filtration system to improve the water quality in rainwater tanks

    The characterisation of rainwater in metropolitan Sydney and in rural New South Wales was undertaken. The results showed that factors such as the lack of vehicular traffic, air pollution and urban contamination meant that rural rainwater water quality was better. The rain water collected in both metropolitan and rural areas generally complied with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Separation of zinc oxide nanoparticles in water stream by membrane filtration

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles are used for the synthesis of various materials. The nanoparticles, when entering into the environment, affect aquatic life. Their antibacterial properties deter the biological treatment process of wastewater treatment plants. The study focuses on the effectiveness of ultrafiltration (UF) membranes for the removal of ZnO nanoparticles. In this study, a commercial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Self-Cleaning Filtration for Pretreatment of Membrane, UV and Ozone Water Treatment Systems

    Recent field data has shown the effectiveness of automatic self-cleaning filters in removing suspended solids down to less than 3 microns in size without flocculents, pre-coats or granulated media. Pre-treatment of ozone systems is often needed to remove organic solids that would utilize high amounts of ozone during oxidation leaving little for complete disinfection. Selfcleaning screen filters ...

  • Pilot plant trials: management of membrane concentrate

    In surface water nanofiltration (NF) for drinking water production, 15 to 25% of the feed is rejected by the membranes. Two complementary approaches are investigated in order to manage concentrates. On one hand, an additional NF stage allows an increase in the yield of drinking water production from 85 to 94%. Thirty-days filtration cycles are achieved. Conductivity, natural organic matter (NOM) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycling of spent filter backwash water using coagulation-assisted membrane filtration: effects of submicrometre particles on membrane flux

    Membrane separation technology has been widely used for recycling of spent filter backwash water (SFBW) in water treatment plant. Membrane filtration performance is subject to characteristics of the particles in the SFBW. A bench-scale microfiltration (MF) coupled with pre-coagulation was set up to evaluate the recovery efficiency of SFBW. Effect of particle size distribution and zeta potential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filtration solutions for the energy sector

    AZUD offers Taylor made solutions for any kind of process where water need to be treated: Recirculation cooling processes. Side stream filtration to remove all solids from the cooling tower. Make up water treatment, keeping elements like heat exchangers and nozzles free of problem. Protection for UF membranes in order to enhance its performance and make them last ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Do You Need a Microfiltration or Ultrafiltration Membrane System for Your Plant?

    Determining whether or not an industrial plant needs a microfiltration (MF) and/or ultrafiltration (UF) membrane system isn’t always as straightforward as it seems. While these systems are not essential for every industrial process, when thoughtfully implemented within an intake, process, or waste stream, they can go a long way in improving a facility’s efficiency and/or cutting ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • TEP and biofilm fouling on membranes

    Summary Biological fouling on membranes is a major problem in desalination and water purification plants. Oceanographers and limnologists have found that most marine and fresh waters are full of microscopic Transparent Exopolymer Particles, otherwise known as TEP. In this article, aquatic microbiologist Tom Berman and Filtration Specialist Marina Holenberg (Amiad Filtration Systems, Amiad, ...

  • Comparison of sand and membrane filtration as non-chemical pre-treatment strategies for pesticide removal with nanofiltration/low pressure reverse osmosis membranes

    Pilot plant investigations of sand and membrane filtration (microfiltration (MF)/ultrafiltration (UF)/nanofiltration (NF)/low pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO)) have been performed to treat groundwater polluted with pesticides. The results show that simple treatment, with use of aeration and sand filtration or MF/UF membranes, does not remove pesticides. However, by reducing the content of key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fundamentals and Advantages of Screen Filtration

    The “art” of filtration utilizes many methods for separating solid particles from fluids. There is often no right or wrong method. Water quality and customer requirements usually determine the “best” method for each unique situation. Ridged screens, pleated cartridges, string wound cartridges, melt blown cartridges, woven fabrics, non woven fabrics, sintered metals, granular media, frizzy balls ...

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