membrane filtration system Articles

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Self-Cleaning Pre-Filtration for RO Membrane Systems

    ABSTRACT A few years ago physical processes could only remove suspended solids from a water stream. Recent advances in technology now allow the removal of selected molecules and ions from a water stream by physical means using membranes. The membrane process has recently become very efficient and economically feasible for many industrial, commercial, municipal and even residential customers. ...

  • MEDIA FILTRATION, MEMBRANES, OZONE, AND UV

    ABSTRACT For reclaimed water disinfection, pathogen reduction to acceptable public health risk levels is theprimary objective. A second emerging objective is the ability to destroy trace pollutants(endocrine disrupters (EDCs), pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs)) at a reasonably lowcost.The WateReuse Foundation’s Innovative Reclaimed Water Treatment Project ...

  • Prediction of permeate flux decline in crossflow membrane filtration

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which are widely used in order to remove colloidal particles and microorganisms in water and waste water treatment systems. The filtration performance is, however, often hampered by the buildup of retained particulate matters on the membrane surfaces, which causes the deleterious permeate flux decline. ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Membrane cleaning skids prolong operating life of costly membrane filtration units

    Considered one of the most important and costly components of a reverse osmosis purification system, membrane filtration elements (a thin semi-permeable layer which desalinates seawater) collect mineral buildup, organic materials and bacterial agents. The Lifestream Membrane Cleaning Skid cleans, flushes out and preserves the membrane, reviving efficiency and prolonging membrane life.Designing a ...

  • Self-Cleaning Filtration for Pretreatment of Membrane, UV and Ozone Water Treatment Systems

    Recent field data has shown the effectiveness of automatic self-cleaning filters in removing suspended solids down to less than 3 microns in size without flocculents, pre-coats or granulated media. Pre-treatment of ozone systems is often needed to remove organic solids that would utilize high amounts of ozone during oxidation leaving little for complete disinfection. Selfcleaning screen filters ...

  • Optimization study of a hybrid alum coagulation-membrane filtration system for virus removal

    Due to the intrinsically small sizes of enteric viruses (20–100 nm) and their relatively high resistance to most disinfectants, detection of viruses in treated drinking water is not a rare phenomenon. This study therefore evaluates various aspects involved in a hybrid alum coagulation-ultrafiltration (UF) system for virus removal. Coagulant doses (0, 1 and 10 mg Al3+/L) and pH conditions relevant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration Applications in the Beverage Industry

    Abstract The use of crossflow membrane separation technology in the beverage industry has gone from a 'unique processing' approach to a standard unit process for many manufacturers. Applications such as replacement of troublesome diatomaceous earth (DE) filters for juice clarification have been highly successful. Employing reverse osmosis (RO) for apple juice concentration produces potential ...


  • Self-Cleaning Pre-Filtration for RO and Other Membrane Systems

    Abstract A few years ago physical processes could only remove suspended solids from a water stream. Recent advances in technology now allow the removal of selected molecules and ions from a water stream by physical means using membranes. The membrane process has recently become very efficient and economically feasible for many industrial, commercial, municipal and even residential customers. ...

  • Development of a model-based control system for membrane filtration process

    Reduction of operational cost and certification of safety for treated water are required for the membrane filtration process for drinking water. Therefore a model-based control system is developed to reduce operational cost. A process model is used for the model-based control system that calculates the transmembrane pressure (TMP) in the future. This allows the model-based control system to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gravity driven membrane filtration system to improve the water quality in rainwater tanks

    The characterisation of rainwater in metropolitan Sydney and in rural New South Wales was undertaken. The results showed that factors such as the lack of vehicular traffic, air pollution and urban contamination meant that rural rainwater water quality was better. The rain water collected in both metropolitan and rural areas generally complied with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Membrane fouling mitigation by activated carbon addition in activated sludge filtration

    Activated carbon (AC) was added into the activated sludge to alleviate membrane fouling during sludge microfiltration. The fouling mitigation profiles were evaluated at different AC sizes and doses by a single-fibre microfiltration system. It was found that the granular AC added in the sludge suspension can absorb the organic substances in the sludge in a certain level, including biopolymer ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane filtration of municipal wastewater effluents for implementing agricultural reuse in southern Italy

    Membrane filtration was investigated at field scale in order to assess its effectiveness for reusing municipal effluents in agriculture. The study was started on April 2002 and ended on September 2007, as part of a national R&D project (AQUATEC). Preliminary results, which we already reported elsewhere, concerned the first two project years while this paper refers to the subsequent period. Three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Household rainwater harvesting system – pilot scale gravity driven membrane-based filtration system

    This paper presents the results of a pilot scale study consisting of pre-treatment with a granular activated carbon (GAC) filter followed by membrane filtration. Detailed characterisation of rainwater tanks has highlighted that turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and heavy metals, in particular lead, were not compliant with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG). Further, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of chlorine resistant polyamide RO membrane for household water filtration device

    Chlorine attacks the polyamide RO membrane to cause membrane failure as measured by enhanced passage of both salt and water. For this reason, activated carbon pre-filters that remove chlorine are typically placed ahead of RO membranes in home drinking water treatment RO system. A general home drinking water treatment system employing RO is composed of preliminary sediment filter, activated carbon ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Structure changes and water filtration properties of electrospun polyamide nanofibre membranes

    Nanofibre membranes are studied extensively in water treatment. Inappropriate storage, however, could alter their performance, e.g. regarding water filtration. This shows the need for investigating this effect in more detail so as to offer a solution for long-term behaviour and stability. In this study, polyamide nanofibre membranes were treated under different conditions, simulating the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Precipitation of aluminium and phosphates in effluents treated by membrane filtration - Case Study

    Customer Application and Activity Decoral specializes in treating technical components made from aluminium and titanium through treatment steps such as anodizing and polishing. The effluents from its surface treatment plant are mainly contaminated with aluminium and phosphates. Problem to be solvedDecoral was keen to simplify the management of its products to the greatest degree possible and was ...


  • Micro-media filtration: superior pre-filtration for desalination systems

    Introduction To ensure trouble free-operation of seawater desalination systems, membrane manufacturers recommend removal of suspended solids to negligible levels, as even small amounts of solids adhering to the surface of the membrane elements may adversely foul the membranes, deteriorate permeate quality and reduce membrane life. The past two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

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