membrane filtration water chlorination Articles

  • Chlorine

    Due to the complexity of chlorine chemistry, the activity and forms of chlorine is not well understood. Its reactions are not always 'predictable' and are somewhat unique. This memo is intended to provide some simple insight of the most common forms of chlorine that we at Osmonics® encounter. The most basic form of chlorine is Chlorine Gas (Cl2). This is usually the cheapest form of chlorination, ...

  • Application of chlorine resistant polyamide RO membrane for household water filtration device

    Chlorine attacks the polyamide RO membrane to cause membrane failure as measured by enhanced passage of both salt and water. For this reason, activated carbon pre-filters that remove chlorine are typically placed ahead of RO membranes in home drinking water treatment RO system. A general home drinking water treatment system employing RO is composed of preliminary sediment filter, activated carbon ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • NOM reactivity with chlorine in low SUVA water

    Natural organic matter (NOM) in surface water with low specific UV absorbance in Tianjin, China, was fractionated using XAD resins and ultra-filtration membranes into different groups based on hydrophobicity and molecular weight (MW), respectively. The effects of the pre-chlorination process on each fraction were also studied. The hydrophilic acid (HPIA) fraction was the main organic component of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological filtration of poor quality brackish water reducing Reverse Osmosis membrane fouling

    Abstract A primary limitation in applying Reverse Osmosis (RO) is loss of performance caused by membrane fouling resulting from compounds that bacteria can use as energy or nutrient sources. When these compounds enter RO membranes, they are capable of sustaining extensive bacterial growths on the membrane sheets as well as within feed channel spacers. This leads to the entrapment of ...

  • Dependable Pretreatment for UF Membrane Water Treatment System

    Lake Forest is a small upper class community along the west shore of Lake Michigan about 35 miles north of downtown Chicago, IL. In 1890 a group of residents started the Lake Forest Water Company on the present site to provide water for the residents of the community. Prior to the spring of 2004, the Lake Forest Water Plant provided traditional water treatment. Coagulating chemicals were added to ...

  • Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP): A critical factor in aquatic biofilm initiation and fouling on filtration membranes

    Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) are sticky organic microgels, ubiquitous in natural waters, which have been implicated as a potentially important factor in the development of aquatic biofilm. An experimental cross-flow membrane array was used to investigate the relationship between the rate of membrane clogging and levels of TEP and other water quality variables in a lake ...

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

  • Household rainwater harvesting system – pilot scale gravity driven membrane-based filtration system

    This paper presents the results of a pilot scale study consisting of pre-treatment with a granular activated carbon (GAC) filter followed by membrane filtration. Detailed characterisation of rainwater tanks has highlighted that turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and heavy metals, in particular lead, were not compliant with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG). Further, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Immersed Ultrafiltration Membranes for Treatment of Organically Laden Surfice Water

    ABSTRACT Ultrafiltration membranes are becoming increasingly prevalent in potable water treatment applications. This trend can be attributed to the improved cost effectiveness of membrane systems as compared to conventional treatment technologies and to progressively more stringent water quality regulations. In particular, increased awareness related to the formation of disinfection ...

  • Advanced Filtration Solutions for the Food/Beverage Industry

    The food and beverage industry is one of the most demanding users of water for process applications. The availability of a sustainable supply of clean water is a necessity. Each of these particular application require there own specific level of water purity. The type, flow rate and water quality are typically determined by the function of the ...

  • The best alternative to the protection of the UF membranes - Case Study

    Advance solutions to the recirculation of water in swimming pools. Problem The public swimming pools are continuously used during all the week for many people for making sport, amusement or relax. In these installations, the visual aspect and the sanitary conditions must be guaranteed all the time. In indoor public pools, even with the mandatory previous shower and the use of ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Mixed oxidants aid in membrane pretreatment, cleaning

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Membrane pretreatment and cleaning – mixed oxidants in practice

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so too do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • One of the largest ipp power plants in the middle east uses membrane desalination for boiler feed water

    The Facility Sidi Krir Unit 3 & 4 Power Plant, developed by InterGen and Edison SpA, is located about 30 kilometers west of Alexandria, Egypt. It is a natural gas fired power plant and at 685 MW generating capacity, is the largest IPP thermal power plant in the Middle East. The plant consists of two power blocks, which share a common membrane based Seawater Desalination system ...

  • The Culligan UF-P2 water filtration system - smart well technology for disaster response & beyond

    A Longstanding Commitment to Innovation & Philanthropy As a global leader in water treatment, Culligan has developed innovative industrial and commercial water treatment systems for over 70 years. The company's worldwide network, strong service capability and revolutionary technology offers customers one source for end-to-end water treatment solutions tailored to help meet their ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Largest power plant in philippines uses membrane desalination for purified WA

    The Facility Ilijan Plant, developed by KEILCO-KEPCO Ilijan Corporation, is located in the Island of Luzon, about 100 miles south of Manila, Philippines. It is a combined cycle power plant and at 1,200 MW generating capacity, is the largest power plant in the Philippines. The plant consists of two power blocks, which share a common membrane based Seawater Desalination system for ...

  • Choose among membranes for RO desalination - Varied construction options available

    A wide variety of membrane types, sizes, construction options and techniques are available for removing salt from water. There are basically two types of commercial membranes used in RO applications today: cellulose acetate (CA) and thin film (TF). The former is considered an integral membrane, the latter a composite membrane. The following is basic criteria to compare one type to the other: ...


  • Cost effective boiler makeup system using membrane desalination for power plant in dominican republic

    The Facility Andres Power Plant, developed by Caribbean Thermal Electric LLC, is located in Boca Chica, near Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. It is a 300 MW gas fired combined cycle power plant and is one of the largest IPP power plants in the Dominican Republic and will supply electricity to Corporacion Dominicana de Electricidad. The plant consists of two power blocks, which ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you