membrane fouling Articles

  • Fouling with aerobic granule membrane bioreactor

    Aerobic granulation (AG) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) are two promising, novel environmental biotechnological processes that draw interest of researchers working in the area of biological wastewater treatment. Membrane fouling in the combined aerobic granular membrane bioreactor (AGMBR) process and the conventional MBR process was investigated in this work. The irreversible fouling on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fouling membrane in an anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater

    An anaerobic membrane reactor (AnMBR) treating municipal wastewater was evaluated. The experiments were performed using a pilot-scale up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor with a submerged tubular ultrafiltration membrane at a hydraulic retention time of 8 hours. The system worked at an intermittent filtration mode (4 min on/1 min off) with and without nitrogen gas bubbling during the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analyzing the spatial and temporal characteristics of membrane fouling

    Fouling characteristics of crossflow flat-sheet membranes for two Nanofiltration (NF), one Ultrafiltration (UF), and one Microfiltration (MF) membranes were analyzed using 12.5 parts per million (mg/L) FeCl3 solution and 350 mg/L copper nanofluid. FeCl3 solution represents dissolved contaminant whereas copper nanofluid simulates particulate contaminant. The spatial and temporal fouling ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of Cell Surface Characteristics on Membrane Fouling

    Initial deposition of S. cerevisiae particle to plate type membrane was conducted with direct observati on system(DOB). Solution chemistry was controlled by ionic strength variation(0mM ~ 50mM) with N aCl, MgCl2, CaCl2. Predictable tendency by DLVO theory was that increment of ionic strength make in teraction forces decrease and make it easier to be attached to membrane, finally. Although DLVO ...

  • Cleaning clay (aluminosilicates) from fouled membranes

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance. The major constituents of foulants found on the first position during six years of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory are clay minerals chemically known as aluminosilicates. Clay is a naturally occurring material found in all RO feed waters ...

  • Desalination and water recovery: control of membrane fouling

    Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) technologies are widely used for the production of safe drinking water, and for the recovery of reusable water from various industrial effluent streams. The most commonly encountered phenomenon in these processes, especially in water recovery application, is membrane fouling, and control of membrane fouling is regarded as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of membrane properties on physically reversible and irreversible fouling in membrane bioreactors

    This study aimed to examine the impact of membrane properties on membrane fouling in membrane bioreactor (MBR). Membrane fouling was divided into two categories: physically reversible and irreversible fouling. Membrane properties related to each type of membrane fouling were investigated separately. Five microfiltration (MF) and one ultrafiltration (UF) membranes with different properties (pore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane fouling remediation in ultrafiltration of latex contaminated wastewater

    The current study aimed to remediate membrane fouling by latex effluent by altering membrane surface charge or ionic strength of the effluent. Hydrophilic polysulfone and Ultrafilic flat membranes, with molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 60,000 and 100,000, respectively, and hydrophobic polyvinylidene difluoride membrane (PVDF; MWCO 100,000) were used under a constant flow rate and in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predictability of fouling-potential of raw water for ultrafiltration membranes

    The public drinking water supply of southern Germany is characterized by a rather decentralized network. Due to the hydrogeological setting in these parts of Germany many of the small water works with an average capacity of 50 m3/h have to treat raw water extracted from karstic or cliffy aquifers. These raw waters tend to be contaminated with particles and pathogens acquired during snowmelt or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of enhanced coagulation by KMnO4 on the fouling of ultrafiltration membranes

    Pre-coagulation enhanced by KMnO4 before ultrafiltration (KCUF) was compared with normal pre-coagulation by alum (CUF) in the ultrafiltration of water from the Songhua River, China. The trans-membrane pressure (TMP) with KCUF was much lower than that when alum alone was used. With KCUF a slower increment of TMP occurred, even under conditions of high river water turbidity. The results also showed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characteristics of different fractions of microbial flocs and their role in membrane fouling

    Characteristics of different fractions (small flocs vs. large flocs) of sludge flocs from a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating thermomechanical pulping (TMP) whitewater were determined using various analytic techniques, including extraction and chemical analysis of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), particle size analyzer, and polymer chain reaction (PCR)-denaturing gradient ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organic fouling development in a long channel RO membrane cell

    This study was to experimentally investigate organic fouling development in a 1-m long RO membrane channel using alginate as a model organic compound. Five parallel local permeate fluxes with a distance interval of 20 cm along the channel were monitored continuously during the organic filtration tests. It was found that organic fouling became more severe towards the outlet of the channel. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of a bench-scale membrane fouling protocol to determine fouling propensities of membranes during full-scale water reuse applications

    There is increasing interest in recycling wastewater effluents for augmentation of existing water supplies. The treatment of wastewater effluents by an integrated membrane system, such as microfiltration pre-treatment followed by reverse osmosis, is the industry standard for groundwater recharge or reservoir augmentation projects. Membrane fouling, especially effluent organic matter fouling, is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fouling analysis of polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes used for drinking water treatment

    Natural organic matter (NOM) plays a significant role in the fouling of ultrafiltration membranes in drinking water treatment processes. For a better understanding of the interaction between fractional components of NOM and polysulfone (PS) ultrafiltration membranes used for drinking water treatment, fouling and especially the physically irreversible fouling of natural organic matter were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane foulants and fouling mechanisms in microfiltration and ultrafiltration of an activated sludge effluent

    Membrane fouling in microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) of an activated sludge (AS) effluent was investigated. It was found that the major membrane foulants were polysaccharides, proteins, polysaccharide-like and protein-like materials and humic substances. MF fouling by the raw effluent was governed by pore adsorption of particles smaller than the pores during the first 30 minutes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of membrane fouling considering mixed liquor viscosity and variation of shear stress on membrane surface

    Simulation of membrane fouling in MBR was conducted considering accumulation, detachment and consolidation of extracellular polymeric substances accumulated on membrane surface. The fluctuation of shear stress working on membrane surface and the influence of the viscosity of mixed liquor were considered for the evaluation of shear stress. A flat-sheet-type membrane module was used and the change ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane fouling reduction in a cost-effective integrated system of microbial fuel cell and membrane bioreactor

    Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and membrane bioreactors (MBR) are promising technologies for wastewater treatment. However, both of them have some drawbacks and application limitations. A cost-effective hybrid system (EMBR) integrating MFC with MBR was evaluated in terms of treatment performance and membrane fouling. In this paper, two electric field directions with a membrane module in the middle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The significance of interactions between organic compounds on low pressure membrane fouling

    Fouling of hollow fibre microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes by solutions of pure organic compounds and mixtures of these compounds was studied with a backwashable membrane filtration apparatus. Small molecular weight compounds resulted in little fouling, while their polymeric analogues resulted in more severe fouling. Neutrally charged dextran resulted in minor, irreversible fouling, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fluidized glass beads reduce fouling in a novel anaerobic membrane bioreactor

    This study focuses on the use of fluidized glass beads as turbulence promoters in a laboratory-scale anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater at 20 °C. The addition of fluidized glass beads into an external tubular ceramic membrane enabled the operation at low crossflow velocities of 0.053–0.073 m/s (mean fluxes between 5.5 and 9.7 L/(m2·h)) with runtimes >300 h. Glass ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fouling mitigation in anaerobic membrane bioreactors using fluidized resin beads

    This study focuses on the use of fluidized resin beads to mitigate fouling during ultrafiltration (UF) of the effluent of an anaerobic bioreactor. Two different module configurations were tested: A fluidized bed of resin beads was generated in a tubular UF membrane, and a hollow fiber (HF) UF membrane was submerged into a fluidized bed, respectively. During filtration of anaerobically treated ...


    By IWA Publishing

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