membrane performance testing Articles

  • Suitability of cationic flocculants for RO membranes performance improvement

    Abstract As it has already been published and demonstrated, one of the main causes of membranes failures is related to a poor plant pre-treatment. Data from more than 600 autopsies demonstrated that both biofilm and colloidal matter are the most common components on RO (reverse osmosis) membranes fouling, therefore, main lack on membranes pre-treatment is related to disinfection and ...

  • The hybrid process TiO2/PAC: performance of membrane filtration

    In investigations concerning the photocatalytic degradation by TiO2 usually filter discs with a pore size of 0.22 μm and 0.45 μm are used for the removal of photocatalyst particles in aqueous suspensions. In this study the effective rejection of suspended particles by microfiltration in different types of membrane modules and with different membrane materials was investigated. Furthermore, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Virus removal retention challenge tests performed at lab scale and pilot scale during operation of membrane units

    The determination of the virus retention capabilities of UF units during operation is essential for the operators of drinking water treatment facilities in order to guarantee an efficient and stable removal of viruses through time. In previous studies, an effective method (MS2-phage challenge tests) was developed by the Water Research Center of Veolia Environnement for the measurement of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of pilot submerged membrane bioreactor treatment systems in girdwood, Alaska

    ABSTRACT The Anchorage Water and Wastewater Utility (AWWU) has conducted pilot testing of an Enviroquip submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) and a ZENON SMBR at the Girdwood Wastewater Treatment Facility (GWWTF) located in Girdwood, Alaska. The Girdwood wastewater is unique relative to other municipal wastewaters in that it is dilute, weak and typically low-temperature. This paper summarizes ...

  • Kinetic evaluation of nitrification performance in an immobilized cell membrane bioreactor

    High rate membrane bioreactor (MBR) systems operated at extremely low sludge ages (superfast membrane bioreactors (SFMBRs)) are inefficient to achieve nitrogen removal, due to insufficient retention time for nitrifiers. Moreover, frequent chemical cleaning is required due to high biomass flux. This study aims to satisfy the nitrification in SFMBRs by using sponge as carriers, leading to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance Assessment of New Membrane Bioreactor Systems at Average and Peak Flow Operation

    To assess the operational performance and effluent water quality of five newly developed membrane bioreactor systems, MWH and City of San Diego conducted a 18-month pilot study at the Point Loma Wastewater Treatment (PLWWTP), San Diego, CA. Various configurations of MBR systems, i.e. hollow-fiber, flat-sheet and external tubular membranes, were tested during the study. Funded by the U.S. Bureau ...

  • Bench-scale study of ultrafiltration membranes for evaluating membrane performance in surface water treatment

    Currently, there is no standard bench-scale dead-end ultrafiltration (UF) testing system. The aim of the present study was to design and build a bench-scale hollow fiber UF system to assess the impact of operational parameters on membrane performance and fouling. A bench-scale hollow fiber UF system was built to operate at a constant flux (±2% of the set-point flux) and included automated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performances and fouling control of a flat sheet membrane in a MBR pilot-plant

    This paper deals with the performance and the optimisation of the hydraulic operating conditions of the A3 Water Solutions flat sheet membrane technology in a MBR pilot-plant to achieve a satisfying fouling control and also a reduction in the required aeration. Two vertically stacked modules were tested at pilot-scale at Anjou Recherche under typical biological operating conditions (mixed liquor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Distillation and Applications for Water

    SummaryWater treatment is an important auxiliary process in all thermal cogeneration plants. In this context membrane distillation (MD) is a novel technology that is potentially advantageous to technologies like reverse osmosis in the following ways: ability to utilize low-grade heat, reduced sensitivity to fluctuations in pH or salt concentrations, and lower capital and O&M costs. This ...


    By Xzero AB

  • HDPE - A Hydrocarbon Resistant Membrane?

    Most brownfield redevelopment and environmental protection applications require the use of a hydrocarbon resistant membrane.  However, each membrane material will vary in its ability to resist chemical attack and its effectiveness as a barrier to permeation.  It is essential that a barrier material prevents the migration of contaminants, thereby not harming the surrounding environment ...

  • Are membranes the answer to odor?

    ABSTRACT A microporous hollow fibre membrane operating in non-wetted mode has been applied to the removal of hydrogen sulphide from gas streams. The case studies under investigation were (i) H2S absorption within single passage through the membrane and (ii) H2S absorption with recycle. Counter-current flow configuration was considered with the test contaminant passing through the shell-side of ...

  • Characterization of recombinant norovirus virus-like particles and evaluation of their applicability to the investigation of norovirus removal performance in membrane filtration processes

    Noroviruses (NVs) are one of the leading causes of epidemic gastroenteritis around the world. Water treatment technologies using membrane filtration for virus removal are becoming increasingly important. However, experiments to test removal of NVs from water have been hampered because NVs do not grow in cell culture or in small-animal models and therefore cannot be easily artificially ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization and anti-fouling performance of nano-Al2O3/PVDF membrane for Songhua River raw water filtration

    Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) flat ultrafiltration membranes modified by nano-sized alumina (Al2O3) particles were prepared by phase inversion process and their properties and anti-fouling performances were examined. The influence of three types of natural organic matters on the modified membrane fouling was also studied. Raw water was taken from two different locations, i.e., Harbin and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of poly aluminum chloride dosing positions on the performance of a pilot scale anoxic/oxic-membrane bioreactor (A/O-MBR)

    The effects of poly aluminum chloride (PACl) dosing positions on the performance of a pilot scale anoxic/oxic membrane bioreactor were investigated. PACl dosage was optimized at 19.5 mg Al2O3/L by jar test. Nutrients removal efficiencies and sludge properties were systematically investigated during periods with no PACl dosing (phase I), with PACl dosing in oxic tank (phase II) and then ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance evaluation of a novel reciprocation membrane bioreactor (rMBR) for enhanced nutrient removal in wastewater treatment: a comparative study

    This study compared and evaluated the performance of a conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR) and a novel reciprocation MBR (rMBR) which used mechanical membrane reciprocation in place of membrane air scouring in pilot-scale tests. Each system was independently operated for 280 days at a local wastewater treatment plant for a parallel assessment of operating performance. The rMBR was found to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • INNOVATIVE CHEMICALS FOR DETERIORATED RO MEMBRANES

    The new rejuvenation chemical treatment is introduced in this paper. This chemical treatment repairs the deteriorated RO membranes, and recovers the salt rejection ratio immediately. In the past, such kind of rejuvenation methods have been developed and reported only with table test basis and pilot plant test basis as seen in the IVREFERENCES ...


    By Kurita

  • A venturi device reduces membrane fouling in a submerged membrane bioreactor

    In this study, for the first time, a venturi device was integrated into a submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) to improve membrane surface cleaning and bioreactor oxygenation. The performances of a blower and the venturi device were compared in terms of membrane fouling and bioreactor oxygenation. Upon comparing membrane fouling, the performances were similar for a low operation flux (18 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membranes with higher abrasion resistance

    High flux rates, combined with a very high chemical and thermal resistance and the resulting operational reliability - these are the reasons why users worldwide opt for ceramic membranes. Up to now, the only parameter where ceramic membranes performed well but not excellent was abrasion resistance. Therefore, filtering of abrasive matter required pre-treatment stages such as prefiltration, ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Evaluating Spiral-wound Separator Performance

    Introduction The recent evolution of spiral-wound membrane element (sepralator) design brings an increased need to understand the intricacies of testing, operating and predicting performance of this most popular crossflow membrane design. After over a decade of stagnant development, the last five years have produced several innovations, which diversify and expand the applications as well as ...


  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

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