membrane separation Articles

  • Energetics for gas separation in microporous membranes

    Gas separation by inorganic membranes has proven to be effective at laboratory scales, but is now facing challenges in developing for industrial scales. A particular type of inorganic membrane is the class of porous molecular sieves formed by sol-gel method deposited on ceramic substrates. These molecular sieve silica (MSS) membranes are ideally suited to high temperature He, H2, CO2 and CH4 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What can I use to filter my mobile phase?

    If you are using mobile phase that contains salts or, generally, any components that are weighed out for its preparation, you will need to filter the solution before using with HPLC or UHPLC. The most common type of filtration is membrane microfiltration. We sell an extensive group of products for this and they are discussed very well in a blog ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Low Pressure Separation Membrane: Purification Of Landfill Gas

    Summary: The paper is presenting preliminary results of the on-site trial of the gas purification pilot plant based on membrane separation technology, operating at relatively low pressure- This trial is an initial phase of a bigger project aiming at production of clean and high calorific value gas that could be used as a substitute of fossil fuel. e.g. for powering vehicles. The objectives of the ...


    By Biogas Technology Limited

  • Functionalised mesoporous silica membrane for the separation of carbon dioxide

    Defect-free mesoporous silica membranes (MCM-41 and MCM-48) were obtained by spin-coating and the solution growth method; 3-aminopropylsilyl groups were attached to the surface of these silica membranes. The pore size control in these novel silica membranes was achieved by direct synthesis employing cationic surfactants and post-synthesis silylation procedure using silane coupling agents. The SEM ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biogas upgrading: Membrane separation takes over

    Abstract Due to governmental incentives and growing environmental awareness, it becomes increasingly attractive to upgrade biogas to natural gas quality and inject it into the natural gas grid or to use it as transport fuel. In this way, the biomethane can be utilized with the highest energy efficiency. Progressively, effort is being put into the utilization of organic waste streams in ...

  • Novel Separations by a Charged NF/UF Membrane

    Introduction Separation characteristics of a novel, thin-layer composite (TLC®) membrane bearing an anionic surface charge are elucidated using three distinct approaches. These include solute challenges to demonstrate apparent molecular weight cut-off (MWCO), affinity chromatography to demonstrate surface force interactions between solute and membrane, and pilot scale operations using industrial ...


  • Oxygen-separation membranes could aid in CO2 reduction

    Ceramic membranes may reduce carbon dioxide emissions from gas and coal-fired powerplants. Written by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office.You can read the original new in MIT NewsIt may seem counterintuitive, but one way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere may be ...

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dissolved air flotation separation for pretreatment of membrane bioreactor in domestic wastewater treatment

    Due to requiring higher water quality standards over time, new technologies are being employed for wastewater treatment. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) technologies are widely employed as new technologies in wastewater treatment. DAF is used due to its excellent separation capability of suspended solids as well as oily material. MBR is used because it may provide a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of dyeing effluent from tannery using membrane separation processes

    Treatment of a dyeing bath of a tannery was carried out using a hybrid membrane-based separation scheme consisting of Nanofiltration (NF) followed by Reverse Osmosis (RO). Experiments were conducted using a cross-flow cell in continuous mode. The performance criteria of the separation scheme were evaluated in terms of dye concentration, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Separation of zinc oxide nanoparticles in water stream by membrane filtration

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles are used for the synthesis of various materials. The nanoparticles, when entering into the environment, affect aquatic life. Their antibacterial properties deter the biological treatment process of wastewater treatment plants. The study focuses on the effectiveness of ultrafiltration (UF) membranes for the removal of ZnO nanoparticles. In this study, a commercial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Next generation biogas upgrading using highly selective gas separation membranes

    More and more effort is being put into the utilization of organic waste streams in anaerobic digesters, producing useful products such as fertilizers and biogas. DMT has been developing biogas treatment plants for over 25 years, closely following market developments. It is becoming increasingly attractive to upgrade biogas to natural gas quality and inject it into the natural gas grid or use it ...

  • Membranes and theoretical modelling of liquid–gas membrane separation for aromatic compounds removal from water: a review

    Liquid–gas membrane separation techniques - namely, vacuum membrane distillation, membrane air–stripping/sweeping and pervaporation - are non–equilibrium membrane separation processes emerging for the removal of aromatic compounds from industrial wastewater and polluted ground waters. This review focuses on polymeric hydrophobic membranes which are commonly employed in the liquid–gas membrane ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Proteins causing membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors

    In this study, the details of proteins causing membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) treating real municipal wastewater were investigated. Two separate pilot-scale MBRs were continuously operated under significantly different operating conditions; one MBR was a submerged type whereas the other was a side-stream type. The submerged and side-stream MBRs were operated for 20 and 10 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Free Volume Characterization

    Free Volume in Reverse Osmosis Membrane Reverse Osmosis (RO) is the leading technique for water desalination. RO membranes have been optimized over the past three decades. Typically, commerical RO membranes can produce drinking water from seawater. Water and salt transport through RO membrane follows the so-called Solution-Diffusion Model. Particularly, during separation, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nanostructured phospholipid membranes

    This review describes a simple high-throughput method for producing laterally nanostructured monolayer and bilayer films on planar surfaces based on the Langmuir-Blodgett transfer of a phase-separated phospholipid mixture from the air/water interface to a solid support. Applications of the patterned lipid films to spatially direct the adsorption of proteins and to demonstrate stereoselective ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membranes, the Finest Filtration

    Introduction The notion that salt could be removed from seawater without a phase change took hold of Dr. Sourirajan's imagination in the late 1950's. The actual invention of the reverse osmosis (RO) membrane took place in his laboratory at UCLA around 1960. (Thus Sourirajan could be called not only the 'Father of Reverse Osmosis,' but the initiator of all crossflow membrane technology.) The full ...


  • Membrane Bioreactor for Automobile Manufacturer

    Dynatec provided a system to treat wastewater from Ford's automotive assembly plant. The Problem The existing batch chemical treatment system for oil and metals removal was unable to meet the new standards for discharge to local POTW. The new requirements called for lower BOD and total Nitrogen and there was no way to make the existing system able to meet the standards. ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • The cost of a small membrane bioreactor

    The individual cost contributions to the mechanical components of a small membrane bioreactor (MBR) (100–2,500 m3/d flow capacity) are itemised and collated to generate overall capital and operating costs (CAPEX and OPEX) as a function of size. The outcomes are compared to those from previously published detailed cost studies provided for both very small containerised plants (<40 ...


    By IWA Publishing

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